The National Defence Academy (NDA) is the prestigious institution where cadets of all three services, the Army, the Navy and the Air Force are trained together before they go on to further respective services.
For the selection of deserving candidates, Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts and supervises NDA Entrance test two times every year consisting of a written test including general aptitude and follow up personal interviews, team skills, psychological testing and medical testing. This year NDA exam will be conducted on 22nd April 2018 (NDA I) and 9th September 2018 (NDA II).
Here are the complete details about the exam schedule.
NDA Important Dates 2018:
Events  NDA I Dates  NDA II Dates 
Notification Issue Date  15th January 2018  6th June 2018 
Application Form Release Date  15th January 2018  6th June 2018 
Last Date to Submit the Application Form  5th February 2018 (6:00 PM)  2nd July 2018 
Admit Card Issue Date  27th March 2018  August 2018 
Exam Date  22nd April 2018  9th September 2018 
Result Declaration Date  July 2018  November 2018 
NDA I Important Dates:
The notification for NDA I will be released on 15th January 2018 accompanying the application form with itself which must be filled by the candidates by the end of 5th February 2018 (6:00 PM). Further, admit cards for the examination will be released on 27th March 2018 which must be downloaded by the students and should take a print out to carry in the exam. The examination will be conducted on 22nd April 2018 and accordingly, the result will be declared within July 2018. After which, the details of further interview rounds and medical checkups will be shared officially with the qualified candidates.
NDA II Important Dates:
The notification for NDA II will be released on 6th June 2018 accompanying the application form with itself which must be filled by the candidates by the end of 2nd July 2018. Further, admit cards for the examination will be released in August 2018 (exact date yet to be announced) which must be downloaded by the students and should take a print out to carry in the exam. The examination will be conducted on 9th September 2018 and accordingly, the result will be declared within November 2018. After which, the details of further interview rounds and medical checkups will be shared officially with the qualified candidates.
The session for the 141st course of National Defence Academy and for the 103rd course of Indian Naval Academy after the selection procedure will commence from 2nd January 2019.
NDA Syllabus 2018:
The NDA exam is completely based on two subjects which are Mathematics and General Ability.
Paper 1 Mathematics Syllabus
The Mathematics paper covers the following chapters and topics:
Trigonometry: Trigonometrical ratios, properties of triangles, Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians, Inverse trigonometric functions, Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae, Applications – Height and distance, Multiple and Submultiple angles.
Algebra: Complex numbers – basic properties, modulus, Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and viceversa, Arithmetic, argument, cube roots of unity, Geometric and Harmonic progressions, Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs, Representation of real numbers on a line, Binary system of numbers, Binomial theorem and its application, Quadratic equations with real coefficients, Permutation and Combination, Logarithms and their applications.
Differential Calculus: Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications, increasing and decreasing functions, Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions, Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima, Concept of a real valued function – domain, range and graph of a function, Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications, Derivative of a function at a point, Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect of another function, derivative of a composite function and Second order derivatives.
Vector Algebra: Vectors in two and three dimensions, scalar multiplication of vector, scalar product or dot product of twovectors, Applicationswork done by a force and moment of a force, and in geometrical problems, magnitude and direction of a vector, Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, Vector product and cross product of two vectors.
Integral Calculus and Differential equations: Integration by substitution and by parts, trigonometric, Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples, exponential and hyperbolic functions, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types – examples, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications, General and particular solution of a differential equation, Integration as inverse of differentiation, Application in problems of growth and decay.
Matrices and Determinants: Types of Matrices, Determinant of a matrix, adjoint and the inverse of a square matrix, operations on matrices, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method, basic properties of a determinant.
Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions: Distance formula, Equation of a circle in standard and in general form, Ellipse and hyperbola, Angle between two lines, Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system, Equation of a line in various forms, Standard forms of parabola, Distance of a point from a line, Eccentricity and axis of a conic.
Point in a threedimensional space, the distance between two points, Equation of a plane and a line in various forms, Equation of a sphere, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, the angle between two lines and the angle between two planes.
Statistics: Frequency distribution, Classification of data, cumulative frequency distribution – examples Graphical representation – Histogram, Measures of Central tendency – mean, median and mode, Pie Chart, Frequency Polygon – examples, Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison, Correlation and regression.
Probability: outcomes and associated sample space, Binomial distribution, Random experiment, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems, impossible and certain events, Complementary, elementary and composite events, Union and Intersection of events, Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples, Conditional probability, Random variable as function on a sample space, Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems, Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
Paper 2 General Ability Syllabus
Part A English:
he English syllabus covers the topics like vocabulary, Grammar, and usage, comprehension, and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.
Part B General Knowledge:
Section A – Physics
Motion of objects, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Velocity and Acceleration, Power and Energy, Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments, Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses, Simple Pendulum.
Simple Pulleys, Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer, Effects of Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat, Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye, Static and Current Electricity, Measurement of temperature and heat, conductors and Nonconductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of XRays.
Section B – Chemistry
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and CarbonDioxide, Oxidation, and Reduction, Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and GunPowder, Carbon – different forms, Physical and Chemical changes. Symbols, Formulas and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water, Acids, bases and salts, Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial, Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
Section C – General Science
Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues, Constituents of food, Balanced Diet, Achievements of Eminent Scientists, Difference between the living and nonliving, Elementary knowledge of human Body and its important organs, Food – Source of Energy for man, Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals, Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention, The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
Section D – History
Freedom Movement in India, Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation, Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India, Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration, Panchayati Raj, Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution, Impact of Science and Technology on Society, Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism, Cooperatives and Community Development, Role of India in the present world.
Section E – Geography
Origin of Earth, Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes, Atmosphere and its composition, Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Rocks and their classification, Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anticyclones, Humidity, Condensation and Precipitation, Major Natural regions of the World, Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India, Types of Climate, The Earth, its shape and size, Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time, International Date Line, Movements of Earth and their effects, Ocean Currents and Tides, Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources, location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities.
Section F – Current Events
Current important world events, Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years, prominent personalities – both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.
NDA 2018 Exam Pattern:
Subject  Code  Duration  Maximum Marks 
Mathematics  01  2.5 hours  300 
General Ability  02  2.5 hours  600 
 The examination will be conducted in two phases of 2.5 hours each.
 The questions asked in the exam will be of objective type only.
 Paper 1 with code 01 will be of Mathematics of maximum marks 300.
 Paper 2 with code 02 will be of General Ability of maximum marks 600 which comprises of:
 Part A (English) Maximum marks – 200
 Part B (General Knowledge) Maximum marks – 400

General Knowledge Maximum Marks Physics 100 Chemistry 60 General Science 40 History, Freedom Movement 80 Geography 80 Current Events 40
NDA 2018 Question Paper Pattern:
Subject  No. of Questions  Maximum Marks 
Mathematics  120  300 
General Ability

150

600

Total Questions  270 
Maximum Marks  900 
Marks for each correct answer  2.5 for Maths, 4 for English, 4 for G.K. 
Negative marks for an incorrect answer  0.83 for Maths, 1.33 for English, 1.33 for G.K. 
Marks for a question left unattempted  0 
This was all about NDA exam important dates, syllabus and exam pattern. Stay tuned for more such articles.