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Political Map of India: A Brief Overview!

India is formally known as the Republic of India and comprises of a total of 29 states along with seven union territories. It is the second most populated country in the world and also the world’s largest democracy. The country’s coastline measures 7,517 kilometres in length, out of which a distance of 5,423 kilometres belongs to the peninsular India and 2,094 kilometres belongs to Andaman, Nicobar and Lakshadweep island chains. Also, did you know that the Indian naval hydrographical charts along with mainland coastline include 43% sandy beaches, 46% mudflats or marshy shores and 11% rocky shores? Interesting, isn’t it? In this article, let’s take a brief look at the political map of India.

india-map

The Political Map of India basically shows all the states and union territories in the country with state capitals.

Here’s a brief overview of India.

Capital of India New Delhi
No. of States in India 29
Number of Union Territories in India 7
Type of Government Federal Democratic Republic
Geographic coordinates 20 00 N, 77 00 E
Land Area 3,287,263 sq km
Population 1,326,801,576
Languages Hindi, English, Urdu, Tamil
Literacy 74.04%
Total No. of Airports 125
Total Railway Lines (total track length of network) 115,000 km

Broadly, India is divided into six major zones: East India, West India, North India, South India, Northeast India and Central India.

Eastern India includes the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa , West Bengal and a union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Eastern zone covers a total area of 418,323 sq km. Bengali is the dominant language in the state of West Bengal whereas Odia and Hindi are the principal languages in the states of Orissa and Jharkhand respectively. English, Maithili, Nepali and Urdu are other languages spoken in the Eastern India.

The Western region of India covers a total area of 508, 052 Sq.km. Some of the popular states of western India are Gujarat, Goa and Maharashtra with the Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Mumbai, the financial capital of India is the capital city of Maharashtra. The states of western India have a prosperous economy with relatively high standards of living. Official languages of the states lying in Western India include Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani and English.

The six states of North India are: Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand , Punjab, Haryana with union territories of Delhi (National Capital Territory) and Chandigarh. The economy of northern India is growing at a fast pace. The most populous cities of North India are New Delhi, Jaipur, Lucknow, Indore, Patna and Chandigarh.

Southern India covers states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana with the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry. Over 19.31% of India’s total area is occupied by these states and union territories. Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka, is known as the ‘Silicon Valley of India’ because it is the country’s leading exporter in IT sector. Most populous cities of South India include Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Chennai, Coimbatore, Cochin and Mysore.

North East India includes Arunachal Pradesh, Assam , Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and the Himalayan state of Sikkim. There is great ethnic and religious diversity within the states.

The Central zone of India primarily refers to Madhya Pradesh and the newly formed state of Chhattisgarh.

UPDATE: After Telangana split from Andhra Pradesh to become the newest — 29th — State of India on 2nd June 2014 with Hyderabad as the capital of the new state and Amravathi as the capital of Andhra Pradesh, we have made a refreshed and updated list of all the states and their capital cities.

As already discussed, there are a total of 29 states and 7 Union Territories in India. The states of India along with their capital cities are as follows:

States (in alphabetical order) Capital City
Andhra Pradesh Amravathi [*Hyderabad initially]
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
Assam Dispur
Bihar Patna
Chhattisgarh Raipur
Goa Panaji
Gujarat Gandhinagar
Haryana Chandigarh (shared with Punjab)
Himachal Pradesh Shimla
Jammu & Kashmir Srinagar (Summer) Jammu (Winter)
Jharkhand Ranchi
Karnataka Bangalore
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Maharashtra Mumbai
Manipur Imphal
Meghalaya Shillong
Mizoram Aizawl
Nagaland Kohima
Odisha (Orissa) Bhubaneshwar
Punjab Chandigarh (shared with Haryana)
Rajasthan Jaipur
Sikkim Gangtok
Tamil Nadu Chennai
Telangana (from June 2, 2014) Hyderabad
Tripura Agartala
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow
Uttarakhand Dehradun
West Bengal Kolkata

 

Union territory (in alphabetical order) Capital City
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
Chandigarh Chandigarh
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa
Daman and Diu Daman
Lakshadweep Kavaratti
Delhi – National Capital Territory Delhi
Puducherry (Pondicherry) Pondicherry

This was an insight into the political map of India.

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