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NEET 2016 came into effect on May 24, 2016. Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda detailed out different aspects of the NEET ordinance and its effect on the admission processes of UG and PG medical programmes in India. This article brings here the key highlights of NEET 2016 ordinance which is named as ‘The Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Ordinance, 2016 and The Dentists (Amendment) Ordinance 2016’. Read the complete article below to assimilate the path to this ordinance and the impact it will have on the medical aspirants!!!

The government took the ordinance route to defer NEET after many states raised concerns over different aspects of the single medical entrance exam. This was followed by several rounds of meetings between Union Health Minister JP Nadda and state health ministers. MPs from many opposition parties including Congress, Trinamool Congress, DMK, AIADMK also urged the government to urgently address the issue and pass an ordinance to overrule the SC decision on NEET.

Earlier in a meeting with state health ministers and state secretaries held on May 16, the Union Health Minister J P Nadda had noted opinions of different states on implementation of NEET 2016. After the meeting, Nadda had said that the center favored a fair examination system and NEET was good for medical aspirants. He, however, had said that language issues in the paper, as well as syllabus mismatch raised by many states, were a valid concern.

In the consultation meeting, many lawmakers strongly urged for an ordinance to overrule the SC judgment on replacing all state-level and private medical entrance exam with NEET.

After the final NEET 2016 judgment on May 9 where the SC bench refused to allow any state-level or private medical test except NEET, many opposition parties had raised concerns over its feasibility for students who were preparing for their respective state-level exam based on their state syllabus. Many state governments have advocated that NEET 2016 question booklet should be in vernacular language so that candidates from different regions can easily comprehend it. Also, during the discussion in both houses of Parliament, many members said that language barrier in many states may put students from these states at disadvantage on a national level test which is only in two languages – Hindi and English.

President signs NEET Ordinance:

President Pranab Mukherjee signed the NEET ordinance on May 24, 2016, paving the way for state-level medical entrance tests for admissions in MBBS and BDS programmes in government colleges. The ordinance which puts state-level medical entrance tests out of NEET ambit for the academic year 2016 was sent to the President after Union cabinet had cleared it on May 20.

The ordinance overruled the May 9 Supreme Court judgement which replaced all state-level and private medical entrance tests with NEET. With the ordinance coming into effect then, the states were allowed to conduct their own entrance tests for the academic year 2016. But, the private medical colleges and deemed institutions had to admit students through NEET only.

The NEET 2016 exam now will be applicable for admissions to all India 15 per cent quota seats in government colleges; and private and deemed institutions.

NEET 2016 Ordinance – Key Highlights:

  1. The purpose of the Ordinances is to provide a firm statutory status to the concept of Uniform Entrance Examination for all undergraduate and post graduate admissions in Medical/Dental Colleges while providing a relaxation to the State Governments in relation to only UG admissions for this year (2016-17) in view of their difficulties
  2. Necessity of promulgating the Ordinances arose since the Supreme Court is in vacation presently and both Houses of the Parliament had adjourned sine-die by May 13, 2016
  3. NEET is being implemented from the current year itself for all UG admissions in all private and deemed institutions
  4. The exemption to the State Governments from NEET is only for a current academic year
  5. The State Government seats (both in Govt. and Private Medical Colleges) shall be exempt from the purview of NEET regulations if the State Government so opts
  6. Only State Government seats in Government Medical Colleges and State Government seats in private institutions will have exemption (if the state Government concerned so opts) from NEET for the current year
  7. Management quota seats shall be filled by the respective private colleges/associations of colleges and/or private universities/deemed universities through the NEET UG-2016 examination only, in all the States even for 2016 admission year
  8. Centre is principally in favour of holding NEET, it would be prudent and in the larger interest of lakhs of students to allow the State Governments to continue with their existing procedures for filling up of UG seats for 2016-17 in respect to State Government seats
  9. The first phase has been conducted on May 1, 2016, and the second phase shall be held on July 24, 2016
  10. For PG examination in December 2016 for next academic year admissions, NEET will fully apply without any exemption.

NEET 2016 Exam Pattern

NEET 2016 Exam Pattern-NEET or the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test will be conducted again for admissions to undergraduate medical courses from this academic year. NEET (UG) which was first held in the year 2013 under the direction of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) was meant to be a single common entrance exam for admissions to all the medical colleges across India, including private medical colleges. However, many colleges and states were not in support of the entrance test and it was eventually scrapped. The Supreme Court has, however, directed the Medical Council of India (MCI) to hold the eligibility test again from 2016.

NEET 2016 will be held in two phases. The All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Test (AIPMT) 2016 that is scheduled to be held on 1 May will be considered as the first round of NEET 2016, while the second phase of the test will be conducted on 24 July 2016. Candidates who have not applied for AIPMT 2016, can directly appear for the second phase of NEET 2016 that will be held during the month of July. NEET will be crafted on a common syllabus that is notified by the Medical Council of India. For a detailed description of the NEET 2016 Exam Pattern, candidates can check below.

  1. Pattern of the Entrance Examination
  • The National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) shall consist of a single paper comprising of a total of 180 objective type questions.
  • For each question, candidates will be presented with four options out of which they will have to select a single correct answer.
  • Questions from the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany & Zoology) will be included in the test.
  • All the questions are to be attempted on a specially designed machine-gradable sheet using Ball Point only.

2. Duration of the Exam

  • NEET 2016 would be for a duration of three hours.

3. Language of the Question Papers

  • The question paper of NEET 2016 will be set in both the English and Hindi languages and candidates can opt for the language of their choice.
  • While candidates seeking admissions under the 15% All India Quota and AFMC can opt for either Hindi & English only, candidates from the State Boards of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal can opt for the Question Paper in the respective Regional Language.
  • The NEET 2016 Exam Pattern, however, clearly underlines that candidates seeking admissions under the State quota seats of more than one state should appear for the entrance examination in either the Hindi or English languages only.
  • Candidates opting for English as the language of their Question Paper would be provided a Test Booklet in English only, whereas candidates opting for any other language would be provided a Test Booklet in English with translation in the language of their choice.
  • Candidates will have to exercise the choice of language of their question paper when filling up the application form and an option once exercised cannot be changed later.

NEET 2016 Eligibility Criteria

The following are the eligibility conditions to be met by candidates who would like to appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)-2016:

I. Nationality

Both Indian Nationals and Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) are eligible to apply and appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)-2016.

II. Age Limit

  • For admissions under the All India Quota and State Quota, a candidate is required to have attained a minimum of 17 years of age and should not be more than 25 years of age as on 31 December of the year of the entrance exam.
  • As per the NEET 2016 Eligibility Criteria, however, the upper age limit shall be relaxed by a period of five years for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and Other Backward Classes category.

III. Academic Qualifications

  • Only applicants who have passed the Class 12 or its equivalent examination or are appearing for the same in the year 2016, will be considered eligible to appear for NEET 2016.
  • The qualifying Class 12 Examination should have been passed with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as core subjects and an additional fifth subject including Mathematics or any other subject that has been approved by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
  • Candidates who have passed the B.Sc. Examination of an Indian University with any of the following two subjects viz., Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany, Zoology)/Bio-technology can also appear for the eligibility test, provided the earlier qualifying examination has been passed with the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English.
  • A minimum of 50% marks should have been secured by every applicant in PCB (45% in the case of General PH candidates and 40% in the case of SC/ST/OBC category candidates) in order to be considered eligible to appear for the entrance exam.
Candidates from the states of Andhra Pradesh and J&K are not eligible to claim admissions under the 15% All India quota. If any candidate from these states claim eligibility, they must submit an affidavit, in original, to the effect that:

  1. They are not domiciled in the states of Andhra Pradesh or J&K;
  2. They are not eligible to seek admissions to the Medical/Dental Colleges of the states of J&K or Andhra Pradesh.

FAQ’s on NEET – How it affects medical aspirants

Q. 1. How does a common entrance test benefit me?

Ans. Today, the total medical exams in the country are about 50 and every serious aspirant takes an average 10 tests. Besides, it is commonly believed that some private entrance tests, including state entrance tests can be rigged. At the least, they are not full proof. Remember how a CM’s daughter in Bihar stood 1st rank in an MBBS entrance test? So a single and credible entrance test is being conducted to prepare an all India merit list of all medical aspirants. Such a test will benefit the more meritorious to apply into good private medical colleges also, while competing for their own state quotas.

Q. 2. I have appeared for NEET 1. Can I appear for NEET 2? 

Ans. Yes. You can. However, you have to give up all your claims on the results of NEET 1/AIPMT 2016 which was conducted on May 1. It is not the best the two. Only, your NEET 2 score would be considered for all admission purposes.

Q. 3. What was the need for NEET 2?

Ans. As the state and private medical entrance tests have been barred, NEET 2 will be an opportunity for those aspirants who did not take the AIPMT 2016 or NEET 1. However, students who appeared in NEET 1 protested that the others are getting more time to prepare. Hence the NEET 1 examinees have also been given an option to appear for NEET 2 by foregoing all claims in NEET 1 results.

Q.4. I have reservations in my state. Would I have the same if considered under NEET?

Ans. Yes. NEET is only a comprehensive merit list to be used as an inter-se merit list. No reservation policies are being changed. It is only the preparation if an all India merit list to be used inter se.

Q. 5. The Exam is in English only. What is the reason?

Ans. Medicine, the world over is taught in English. Most scientific terms don’t have language inferences. Once you pass the exam, you will have to learn the subjects in English. Hence, the exam is being held only in English.

Q. 6. What happens to a candidate who had a bad day on the day of the exam? Earlier, he could make amends in another exam?

Ans. That is true. Every such move has pros and cons. This is a good first step. When you consider states like Tamil Nadu which admits students on marks scored in class XII exams, a bad day in any of the subjects can ruin their chances. This drawback will be for any exam.

Q. 7. I am from Andhra Pradesh. How would my rank at NEET affect my chances?

Ans. Andhra as a state will derive its own merit list of candidates from the NEET merit list and give admissions. Besides, the better performers will also have a chance to get admission into some of the good deemed universities and moving there, thus freeing a few more seats for the Andhra candidates within the state.

Q. 8. I am from the Christian community and apply for CMC Vellore under our own quota. Would I be affected?

Ans. As earlier mentioned, no rights under any quota/reservation are being affected. CMC Vellore will draw up its own merit list belonging to the Christian community from the all India merit list and will apply quotas on the same.

Q. 9. What happens to some of the private tests that I already appeared?

Ans. They become null and void. You will have to appear in NEET 2 to lay any claim for admission.

Q. 10. Does it apply to PG Medical seats also?

Ans.  No. This is only for undergraduate medical aspirants for this year. But in subsequent years it applies to both PG and UG courses.

Q. 11. What happens if I get a good rank under NEET 2 but denied a seat in a college, though a low ranked student has got admission in my category?

Ans. You can take that college to court and get that seat allocated to you provided the other admission criterion remain the same.

Q.12. My advice to all students regarding appearing in NEET 2.

Ans. Apply for NEET 2, prepare well, take it with all seriousness and try to get the best rank possible.

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