Acing an exam largely boils down to whether you had planned the schedule in the right way. Determining your approach is as crucial as the process of actually studying. In this era of cut-throat competition – being intelligent or dedicated alone might not suffice – you need to be smart and hardworking. This article can be of great help in outlining your approach. The chapters for JEE are mentioned in a decreasing priority order, which means the ones at the top have the highest priority and priority level decreases as you go through the list.
Prioritizing Chapters for JEE
Physics requires you to have a strong hold on concepts. Once the concepts have been mastered, they are very easy to retain. Some chapters for JEE from physics have a heavy weightage in the exams. Here’s the priority sequence you can follow chapter-wise.
Mechanics is probably the most important topic any engineer should know. This invariably makes it the most important part of the paper. Indeed, the bulk of questions in JEE are either directly mechanics questions or require you to have considerable skill in mechanics, which will help you solve a part of the question.
JEE mechanics talks about some of the most fundamental laws – Newton’s laws of motion, universal law of gravitation, the law of conservation of linear momentum and so on. These laws form the framework of physics, and every student is expected to know them properly. Students *must* be able to apply these laws to a wide variety of situations.
Any JEE level mechanics problem can be solved by a combination of one or more of these:
- Newton’s laws
- Work energy theorem
- Law of conservation of energy
- Law of conservation of momentum (linear/angular)
- Equation of continuity
- Bernoulli’s theorem
These are probably the most important chapters for JEE and have applications in other chapters for JEE Physics too.
Also, do not ignore the chapter on elasticity.
Electricity and magnetism
This is another big section of JEE and one of the most important chapters for JEE. A lot of questions are asked from the applications of Coulomb’s law and Capacitance. Stick to the JEE syllabus because this topic is diverse. Don’t be scared of complex circuits and try to use the fundamentals to reduce complicated circuits to simpler ones. Use Kirchhoff’s laws, series parallel reduction and such tricks. Do not ignore the theoretical aspects of the topic. There are quite a large number of standard formulae in electrostatics and magnetostatics. Make sure to remember them all (with directions involved) because you won’t have enough time to derive standard results on D-day. Motional EMF is also one of the most asked topics and should be among the top priority chapters for JEE, so ensure that you practice ample of questions from it.
Why don’t you also skim through our article Top 5 Discoveries in Physics that Will Blow Your Mind?
This chapter covers a big chunk of the paper too. Since the topics are diverse, don’t be surprised to see a question, which is a mix of calorimetry with the laws of thermodynamics. Familiarize yourself with calculations of work, internal energy and heat in various processes.
Fluids and waves and sound
A lot of questions are asked from waves and sound; the most common ones are from Doppler Effect. Practice ample questions from fluid mechanics as well.
JEE contains questions involving error analysis pertaining to potentiometer-related experiments, so make sure to understand them.
This chapter isn’t as difficult as it seems; it is indeed it is one of the easiest topics for JEE. Practice many questions, and you’ll be able to master it. Do not ignore Huygen’s principles.
It is mostly theoretical; in this, the focus should be on understanding the nuances of Bohr’s model. The common formulae should be memorized.
One must understand that it’s very important to read as much as possible in order to learn chemistry. Also, revision is crucial as there’s a possibility of forgetting things. Take chemistry as seriously as mathematics and physics. Do not ignore this subject just because you feel chemistry is purely “cramming.”
Weightage is nearly equally distributed in the three streams of chemistry. It is important not to skip any topic from Inorganic Chemistry as the subject is highly scoring.
The most important and central concept in physical chemistry is the mole concept, which lies at the heart of the subject. Hence, it is indeed one of the most important and basic chapters for JEE chemistry. You should read this chapter thoroughly to gain a firm command over the entire chemistry subject. It is also important to understand the application of mole concept to various types of reactions, especially redox reactions. Several questions of physical chemistry in competitive examinations like JEE Main and JEE Advanced can be solved easily if one is well-versed with the mole concept.
This is the only chapter whose contents do not seem to have a direct correlation to Mole Concept. Questions from Atomic Structure are regularly asked in JEE.
The rest of physical chemistry is essentially derived from mole concept. Other concepts like Chemical Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, Electrochemistry, etc. have nearly equal weightage. So, they can be revised in any order, but remember that a few questions are guaranteed to come from this section.
General Organic Chemistry
The key to understanding the entire organic chemistry is being thorough with the general organic chemistry section – electrophiles, nucleophiles, types of reaction, acidity, basicity, etc. The remaining organic chemistry is just the application part.
E.g. Knowing that a reaction consists of a nucleophile attacking an electrophile; the only remaining bit is writing the mechanism.
A large part of organic chemistry consists of standard “named” reactions and students are expected to know these reactions along with the mechanisms. It is always good to know the mechanism of a specific reaction so that you can solve a similar new problem. Solomon and Fryhle’s Organic Chemistry is one of the best book for learning organic chemistry besides other available books.
Another important aspect of organic chemistry is the portion of organic synthesis, which involves writing a sequence of steps to synthesize a given compound from a given set of reagents with as little effort as possible. Quite a few problems of organic chemistry in the competitive examinations are based on organic synthesis where the students are expected to identify the missing reagents/chemicals in a specific step of the synthesis. So, it becomes important to be aware of the common reactions.
Read more about Tips to Master Organic Chemistry before you make your study schedule.
All of Inorganic Chemistry is on equal footing. No chapter can be considered ‘Unimportant.’
There are a large number of compounds, and you are expected to know about them (methods of preparation, chemical reactions, uses, etc.). So, it’s a good idea to not divert much from the syllabus.
Many questions of inorganic chemistry are asked from p-block elements, and it becomes important to understand this chapter rather than just cramming it. A good knowledge of periodic table and the trends in the properties of atoms (ionization potential, atomic radius, electronegativity, electron affinity, the electrode potential) will help you to understand the reactions.
For mathematics, you need rigorous practice. The more problems you will solve, the better will be your speed and accuracy.
The mathematics syllabus for JEE broadly consists of the following topics:
- Differential Calculus
- Integral Calculus
- Co-ordinate Geometry
The topics for preparation of Mathematics for JEE Main & Advanced should be chosen wisely in order to ensure that pre-requisites for each topic are met completely. Hence, even though the priority of differential and integral calculus is undoubtedly the highest among any other chapter, calculus needs to be done after trigonometry and algebra.
Calculus includes chapters on functions, limits, continuity, differentiability, differentiation, application of derivatives, integration, definite integrals and differential equations. Each of the above topics is important, and the calculus section covers around a third of the paper. So, you must be well-versed with every standard formula and technique used in calculus.
This topic is usually taught in high school as well, so students are already familiar with the basic concepts of the slope, equation of a line, etc. Solving plenty of problems (subjective as well as objective) from coordinate geometry helps in scoring better in JEE.
Vectors (and 3D Geometry)
Having done the coordinate geometry portion, most of you will find the 3D geometry portion relatively hassle-free and do well in this section. It’s primarily easy-breezy because JEE contains numerous problems pertaining to vectors that require standard formulae as in the case of a parallelopiped, etc.
Algebra questions in JEE are a bit hard, and most students struggle with the chapters on permutations and combinations and complex numbers. However, practice is the key. The chapter on complex numbers greatly depends on the coordinate geometry portion. At times, a hard question from complex numbers can be solved if one can smartly correlate it to a coordinate geometry problem.
The formulae of trigonometry appear everywhere in JEE Mathematics exam paper. Very few questions are purely based on trigonometry, but there are always questions that involve standard trigonometric identities. Remember that an important aspect of the JEE Mathematics preparation is memorizing standard formulae. Make sure you are thorough with them to avoid last-minute anxiety.
You can check out the topic-wise JEE books you can refer to for mathematics here.
To master JEE Mathematics, all you need to do is to practice a large number of questions and you will surely perform well.
All the best 🙂