RMSA is short for Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan. Further, this literally translates into the National Mission for Secondary Education. Moreover, this mission was an initiative of the Central Government of India. Therefore, the main purpose of this Abhiyan was to launch and provide secondary education in primary schools of India.
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The successful implementation of this mission was from 2009-2010. However, it focuses to provide conditions for efficient growth, development, and equity for all students. This scheme also includes the following:
- Multidimensional research,
- Technical consulting,
- Various implementations and
- Funding support.
Objectives of RMSA
- To ensure the improvement of the quality of secondary education and
- To increase the total enrollment rate from 52% (in the year 2005–2006) to 75% in five years (in the year 2009–2014).
Core Purpose of RMSA
The core purpose and long term aim of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) is as follows:
- To improve the overall quality of education imparted at the secondary level. And this is possible by through making all secondary schools conform to all the norms that the authority prescribes to.
- To remove barriers of gender, socio-economic and disability. These barriers are more like social prejudice which only interfere with the process of widening one’s mindset.
- Further, universal access to secondary level education by 2017 (which is the XII Five Year Plan).
- Rather ambitious goals of universal retention of students by the year 2020.
Major Heads of the RMSA
There are 4 major heads or chief-in-charge of the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan.
- Quality improvement. In schools, there was a promotion of environmental education and science laboratories. In addition, RMSA looks into the promotion of central sponsorship schemes of the population education project, international mathematics and science Olympiads. The state governments also provide in-service training for the teachers, infrastructure and research inputs.
- Access and equity. RMSA does not only emphasize on providing secondary education for the special focus groups but also gives importance on removing the existing disparities in socio-economic and gender background in the secondary level of education. By special groups, we mean scheduled tribe and scheduled caste groups, minority girls and CWSN children. They are also termed as the vulnerable/ disadvantaged group. Moreover, certain strategies were implemented to provide free access to secondary education
- Information communication technologies (ICT). Due to a rise in IT demand in, importance is given on ITC. Components of a merged scheme ICT in school include funding support towards computer education plans; strengthening and reorientation of the staffs s; digitization using audio and video cassettes with the partnership of NGOs; and management of Internet-based education.
- Integrated education for disabled children (IEDC): It includes several components for convergence with integrated child development services for early interventions, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) for the particular group at the elementary level, and special schools.
Operations and Activities
Moreover, it also fixates to give universal education for all children between the years 15 and 16. The funding from the Central Ministry is provided through state governments, which establish separate implementing agencies. The total budget allocated during the XI Five Year Plan (2002-2007) was ₹2,012 billion.
However, in the years 2018, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan along with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was disintegrated to form Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan.
How is the demand for secondary education and what is its current challenge?
There is an evident rise in the demand for secondary education in India. However, despite an increase in the number of schools, their geographic distribution still remains uneven. Moreover, the gender gap has narrowed. And in the Tenth Plan, the focus is on quality education at all levels.