Post World Wars, devastated by loss of lives and resources, nations all across the world contemplated of ways to prevent such outbursts in future. The trouncing had made them prudent about the aftermath that the world had just noticed. As a result, in 1945 United Nations Organization was formed to avert wars. The Charter of the United Nations Organization was made that constituted the rules for functioning of UN and was signed on 24th October 1945 by fifty countries. Since then, UN has committed itself to world peace and encouraging international cooperation for social causes.
Objectives of United Nations Organization-
- The main agenda behind forming the United Nations Organization was to thwart circumstances of war. Disputes between the countries were resolved through peaceful discussions. UN would send their Peacekeeping force to build peace and take care of impending wars.
- UN aimed to propagate amicable relations between countries that once have been at war.
- It required a combined effort of several nations to build lasting harmony and in this regard developed nations help inferior countries in gaining economic and social advancements.
- Countries can work together to fight against dreadful diseases and help in preservation of the environment. It would mean a better place to thrive and brighter chances of leading a peaceful life.
- UN Charter expected all its participating countries to uphold respect for human beings and supported freedom for all. This would create an equality between nationals of different countries and an assurance that their rights would not be denied.
In the later years, a certain need to create Peacebuilding arrangement was felt that would aim to address the basic causes of brutal clashes. There was a requirement to support activities for bringing peace and harmony within the nations and resolving conflicts peacefully. The word Peacebuilding came in to being that envisaged discouraging warring causes and restructuring social and economic situation of a country.
The report submitted by UN Secretary- General Boutros Boutros-Ghali in 1992, An Agenda for Peace, clearly described UN’s Peacebuilding actions that intended to strengthen peace and prevent reversions into arguments. In 2007, the UN Secretary- General Ban Ki-moon’s committee reinforced that several measures need to taken to limit the threat of war relapses and support nations in their indigenous efforts for peace development and management. Activities that cater to national interests and rights need to be organized so the objective of Peacebuilding can be achieved. This led to the realization of factors that add to the endeavors of building peace. Charitable agencies could contribute in laying the groundwork for peacemaking processes when a conflict has ended. Other activities like disarmament, reforms in security sector, electoral process support and DDR (demobilization and reintegration) were important tools of Peacebuilding. A special Peacebuilding Fund was set aside for countries in need so the targets of building peace can be managed and attained.
What UN has achieved?
As their prime concern of preventing wars between nations, UN has, for the most part, been successful. It was due to efforts of building peace that war between Iran and Iraq, North and South Korea and India and Pakistan did not go beyond control. An important role that UN has possible played is to check the use of nuclear arms. Apart from this, issues like education, poverty, and spread of diseases have been tackled adequately. In their mission to build peace, UN has perked up cultural associations between nations. However, UN could not justify Iraq’s invasion by American soldiers. By and large, UN has strived to build peace in the world through its Peacekeeping activities but there is still a long way to go.
Indeed, without the UN, the world would have come to an end due to nations fighting and trying to conquer each other.
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