1,000,000+ students use Toppr to rank higher in Class 10

All the facts, syllabus and information you need, about excelling in Class 10

What is the term-wise syllabus of class 10?


  • Grammar
  • Comprehension and Composition
  1. 01. Verbs
    • Tenses
      • present/past forms
      • Simple/continuous forms
      • Perfect forms
      • Future time reference
      • Modals
      • Active and passive voice
      • Subject-verb concord
      • Non-finite verb forms (infinitives and participles)
  2. 02. Sentence Structure
    • Connectors
    • Types of sentences
    • Affirmative/interrogative sentences negation
    • Exclamations
    • Types of phrases and clauses
    • Indirect speech
    • Comparison
    • Nominalisation
  3. 03. Other Areas
    • Determiners
    • Pronouns
    • Prepositions
  1. 01. Reading Comprehension
  2. 02. Letter Writing
  3. 03. Notice Writing
  4. 04. Report Writing
  5. 05. Essay Writing
  6. 06. Paragraph Writing


  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  1. 01. Electricity
  2. 02. Light - Reflection and Rerfraction
  3. 03. Human Eye and Colourful World
  4. 04. Magnetic Effect of Electric Current
  5. 05. Sources of Energy
  1. 01. Life Processes
  2. 02. Acids, Bases and Salts
  3. 03. Periodic Classification of Elements
  4. 04. Metals and Non-Metals
  5. 05. Carbon and its Compounds
  1. 01. Life Processes
  2. 02. Control and Coordination
  3. 03. How do Organisms Reproduce
  4. 04. Heredity and Evolution
  5. 05. Our Enviroment
  6. 06. Management of Natural Resources

Social Science

  • History
  • Economics
  • Civics
  • Geography
  1. 01. Section I
    • The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
    • The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China
    • Nationalism in India
  2. 02. Section II
    • The Making of a Global World
    • The Age of Industrilisation
    • Works, Life and Leisure
  3. 03. Section II
    • Print Culture and the Modern World
    • Novels, Society and History
  1. 01. Development
  2. 02. Sectors of the Indian Economy
  3. 03. Money and Credit
  4. 04. Globalisation and The Indian Economy
  5. 05. Consumer Rights
  1. 01. Power Sharing
  2. 02. Federalism
  3. 03. Democracy and Diversity
  4. 04. Gender, Religion and Caste
  5. 05. Popular struggles and Movement
  6. 06. Political Parties
  7. 07. Outcomes of Democracy
  8. 08. Challenges of Democracy
  1. 01. Resources and Development
  2. 02. Forest and Wild Life Resources
  3. 03. Water Resources
  4. 04. Agriculture
  5. 05. Minerals and Energy Resources
  6. 06. Manufacturing Industries
  7. 07. Lifelines of National Economy


  • Maths
  1. 01. Real Numbers
  2. 02. Polynomials
  3. 03. Pairs of Linear Equation in Two Variables
  4. 04. Quadratic Equations
  5. 05. Arithmetic Progressions
  6. 06. Traingles
  7. 07. Coordinate Geometry
  8. 08. Introduction to Trigonometry
  1. 09. Some Applications of Trigonometry
  2. 10. Polynomials - Remainder and Factor Theorem
  3. 11. Circles
  4. 12. Constructions
  5. 13. Areas Related to Circle
  6. 14. Surface Areas and volumes
  7. 15. Statistics
  8. 16. Probability

Performing Arts (Music, Drama, Dance, visual arts, fine arts, work experience, physical education)

Performing arts:

The syllabus is divided into three sections:

  1. Section A - Vocal Music
  2. Section B - Instrumental Music
  3. Section C – Tabla

Physical education:

  1. Health and Hygiene
  2. First AidTwo of the following team games: Cricket, football, handball, hockey, basketball, volleyball, softball.
  3. Internal assessment

Environment Application

  1. Caring for our Basic Resources
  2. Resource use Appropriate Eco friendly Technologies
  3. Initiatives I can take


  1. Section I:
  2. The Nervous System
  3. The Excretory System
  4. The Circulatory System
  5. The Important Endocrine Glands

Section II:

Candidates are to write notes on the lives and teachings of the following: Vyasa, Yagnavalkya, Chaitanya, Narsi Mehta, Jnaneshwa and Purandardas.

Section III:

The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.

  1. The Four Padas
  2. The Five Vrittis
  3. The Five Kleshas
  4. The Obstacles
  5. The Virtues
  6. The Shudripus
  7. Abyasa and Vairagya

Section IV:

  1. Important Schools of Indian Philosophy and some Slokas.Orthodox Philosophies
  2. Hetrodox Philosophies
  3. Five Important Slokas

What is the exam pattern for class 10?

  • Maths: First Term- 3 Hours, 90 Marks
  • Maths: Second Term- 3 Hours, 90 Marks
  • Science: First Term- 3 Hours, 90 Marks
  • Science: Second Term- 3 Hours, 90 Marks
  • English: 3 Hours, 100 Marks
  • Hindi A: 3 Hours, 100 Marks
  • Hindi B: 3 Hours, 100 Marks

What is the grading system for class 10?

Grading System

Assessment of Scholastic Attainments Part 1 will be reported twice in a year. The nine- point grading scale for measuring Scholastic achievements is given below:

Marks Range Grade Grade Point
91-100 A1 10
81-90 A2 9
71-80 B1 8
61-70 B2 7
51-60 C1 6
41-50 C2 5
33-40 D 4
21-32 E1 3
00-20 E2 2

Minimum qualifying grade in all the subjects under Scholastic Domain is D. All assessment with regard to the academic status of the students shall be done in marks and the assessment will be given in grades.

Assessment of Co–Scholastic Areas 2(A, B, C & D) and 3(A, B) will be done on 5-point Scale (shown in the table below); reported once in class IX and once in class X.

Grade Grade Points
A 4.1 - 5
B 3.1 - 4
C 2.1 - 3
D 2
E 0 - 1

Minimum qualifying grade in Co-Scholastic Domain is D.

How should I prepare?

  • English: Read the texts well. That should be sufficient. Also, be thorough with Grammar and Writing Skills, as those are the sections in which you lose the maximum marks.
  • Science: Chemistry is all basic type. Just read the chapters from the book. Learn new definitions, definitions, etc. Solve some numerical from the end of each chapter.
    Physics requires more practice in terms of numerical problems. Learn the definitions of units of measurements. Remember the causes behind the phenomena in physics from the textbook.
    Biology is all to be mugged up. So, start mugging from the textbook or the reference book.
  • Maths: This is the most practice-oriented subject in your curriculum. Make sure you study well, understand the concepts and then put in lots of practice and ncert is sufficient. Also, it is very important to practice previous year papers, as you’ll need to learn how to write formal proofs. Be very careful with this, because proofs generally cost a lot of marks in the geometry section.
  • Hindi: This is the scoring part of your curriculum. Be very thorough with semantics, and practice writing it daily. If these two are accomplished, the remaining is very easy.

From where should I study?

  1. Science - Textbook for class X - NCERT Publication
  2. India and the Contemporary World-II (History) - Published by NCERT
  3. Contemporary India II (Geography) - Published by NCERT
  4. Democratic Politics II (Political Science) - Published by NCERT
  5. Understanding Economic Development - Published by NCERT
  6. Hindi Just the school material should sufficient.
  7. For English TextBook is sufficient.
  8. Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - Class X - CBSE Publication
  9. Laboratory Manual - Science - Class X, NCERT Publication
  10. Exemplar Problems - NCERT Publication
  11. Together Towards a Safer India - Part III, a textbook on Disaster Management - Published by CBSE.

Where can I find previous years’ papers?

Previous year papers are important to practice because they help you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice more and more so that you can learn all the formulas by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam. You can find them all here by Toppr for your assistance, including practice papers for you to recharge your knowledge.

Where should I ask my doubts?

Asking doubts and clearing them is important while preparing for exams. Toppr brings you a community who has survived the test of time and wants to help out students like you. Discuss with a community of students and experts.

Which competitive and scholarship exams can I take this year?

The following is the list of competitive exams you can take part in and test your skills:

  1. National Level Science Talent Search Examination (NLSTSE): NSTSE is a diagnostic test which helps students improve their overall learning ability and educational performance. Unlike other tests which may only find out how much a student knows or has memorised, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood the concepts and provides a detailed feedback on the same, to help him/her improve. Thus NSTSE helps each student to know early, whether he/she has properly understood a concept, so that immediate action can be taken to correct the aberration and pave a path for improvement. Often, students develop conceptual gaps which increase as the students go to higher classes and turn those into a ‘phobia’ for the subject.
  2. National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO): EduHeal Foundation is conducting the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO). NIMO promises to make math more fun by introducing interactive activities like interactive olympiad, workshops and seminars.
  3. National Biotechnology Olympiad (NBTO): This olympiad is as much about creating awareness about Biotechnology by bringing in an element of challenge and competition as about inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about Biotechnology issues and to test their aptitude for taking up career in Biotechnology in future.
  4. GeoGenius: Geo-Genius is established by leading academicians with an aim of popularizing the understanding of Geography among the school children. Its mission is to spark student interest in Geography and increase public awareness about it, to educate the children about Earth and to inculcate a deep love and respect for the environment which plays a major role in their progress.
  5. Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing (ASSET): It is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing rote learning, through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well skills and concepts underlying the school syllabus have been learnt by the student. The test provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of individual students and also entire classes.
  6. NSTSE: Unlike other tests which may only find out how much a student knows or has memorized, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood the concepts and provides a detailed feedback on the same, to help him/her improve.
  7. Olympiads:
    1. Silverzone Olympiads: It is a competitive exam at school level conducted for classes I to XII in various subjects including Mathematics, English, French, General Knowledge, Informatics etc.
    2. Science olympiad foundation:There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students.
    3. IJSO: IJSO is a competitive examination open to students of all countries in the world, primarily studying in secondary schools. All basic subjects of Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics) are given roughly equal representation in the IJSO examination.
    4. The Junior Science Olympiad program follows the following 5 stages:
      1. Stage I: National Standard Examination in Junior Science (NSEJS)
      2. Stage II: Indian National Junior Science Olympiad (INJSO)
      3. Stage III: Orientation cum Selection Camp (OCSC) in Junior Science
      4. Stage IV: Pre-departure Training Camp (PDT) for IJSO
      5. Stage V: Participation in International Junior Science Olympiad (IJSO)

Why Toppr?

Stay ahead of the competition.

Toppr keeps you sharp and focussed on all subjects with its extensive study material.


Because practice makes perfect!

Easily practice from 3 Lakh+ questions curated by India’s best subject experts.


Get your doubts resolved from the best, instantly!

With Toppr, you can solve all your doubts just like on WhatsApp!


Know where you stand amongst your peers.

Toppr helps you find rankers across the country and learn how they are approaching preparation.

More Features

Start preparing now!

The previous 5 years' question papers improved my aptitude in Maths and Science.

Saurabh Chaughule

9th, SSC Board

When studying, I have a lot of doubts. Even at 3:30 am, there's a tutor around to resolve my doubts.

Shivani Mayekar

12th, JEE

Use Toppr to crack the hardest, toughest exams in India. It's got everything a student needs.

Lomai Narendra Thule

11th, NEET

Toppr lets me practice, track my progress and revise. It's like having a private tutor.

Ebrahim Bharmal

12th, JEE, CET

You get the same experience as an elite coaching class at one-tenth the cost. What's not to love?

Ghanshyam Tank

12th, JEE

Download the App

Get Toppr app on

Get SMS link to download app


Sign up for Free

Practice from 300,000 questions, ask doubts and get instant feedback on your progress.