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Students can choose any one of the three streams after Class X which are Science, Commerce and Humanities or Arts. Science has always been the most fascinating among all the streams and the most lucrative to study in, but it’s not a stream you can perform well in without any interest whatsoever. The main subjects in Science are Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and C++ (depending upon the school).

The Science stream gives students in Class 10 the opportunity to pursue a career in Medicine, Engineering and other related fields. Subjects include practical labs and theory which require a lot of hard work. In Class 11, students are allowed to pick four subjects from a list of electives, in addition to English. Even though there are a number of elective subjects stipulated by the board, depending on the school’s teacher and facility constraints, only a few electives are offered as viable options for students.

The most common electives are:

  • Mathematics (For Engineering Aspirants)
  • Physics (Compulsory for Science)
  • Chemistry (Compulsory for Science)
  • Biology (For Medical Aspirants)
  • Computer Science
  • Business Studies (Commerce)
  • Accountancy (Commerce)
  • Geography
  • Economics (Commerce)
  • Physical Education

With Engineering or Medicine in mind, the elective choices are further reduced to Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science, Physical Education and Biology.

You can find more information regarding them over here.

Co-Scholastic Work:

Students are to participate in co-scholastic work as described by the board syllabus. This includes learning creative arts and indulging in social work. Though this part of the curriculum is not graded, it is instrumental in shaping the student's character and morality while nurturing creativity.



  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  1. 01.Physical World
  2. 02.Units and Measurement
  3. 03.Motion in a Straight Line
  4. 04.Motion in a Plane
  5. 05.Laws of Motion
  6. 06.Work, Energy and Power
  7. 07.System of Particles and Rotational Motion
  8. 08.Gravitation
  9. 09.Mechanical Properties of Solids
  10. 10.Mechanical Properties of Fluids
  1. 11.Thermal Properties of Matter
  2. 12.Thermodynamics
  3. 13.Kinetic Theory
  4. 14.Oscillations
  5. 15.Waves
  1. 01.Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  2. 02.Structure of Atom
  3. 03.Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  4. 04.Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  5. 05.States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  6. 06.Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  7. 07.Hydrogen
  8. 08.Thermodynamics
  9. 09.Equilibrium
  10. 10.Redox Reactions
  1. 11.S-Block Elements
  2. 12.Some P-Block Elements
  3. 13.Hydrocarbons
  4. 14.Environmental Chemistry
  1. 01.The Living World
  2. 02.Biological Classification
  3. 03.Plant Kingdom
  4. 04.Animal Kingdom
  5. 05.Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. 06.Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. 07.Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. 08.Cell: The Unit of Life
  9. 09.Biomolecules
  10. 10.Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. 11.Transport in Plants
  12. 12.Mineral Nutrition
  13. 13.Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  1. 14.Respiration in Plants
  2. 15.Plant – Growth and Development
  3. 16.Digestion and Absorption
  4. 17.Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  5. 18.Body Fluids and Circulation
  6. 19.Excretory Products and their Elimination
  7. 20.Locomotion and Movement
  8. 21.Neural Control and Coordination
  9. 22.Chemical Coordination and Integration
  • Mathematics
  • English
  • Computer Science
  1. 01.Sets
  2. 02.Relations and Functions
  3. 03.Trigonometric Functions
  4. 04.Principle of Mathematical Induction
  5. 05.Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  6. 06.Linear Inequalities
  7. 07.Permutations and Combinations
  8. 08.Binomial Theorem
  1. 09.Sequences and Series
  2. 00.Straight Lines
  3. 01.Conic Sections
  4. 02.Introduction to Three-dimensional Geometry
  5. 13.Limits and Derivatives
  6. 14.Mathematical Reasoning
  7. 15.Probability
  8. 16.Statistics
  1. 01. Reading Comprehension
    • Reading from an unseen passage and a poem.
    • Reading from a seen passage and a poem (Literature Textbooks).
  2. 02. Creative Writing Skills
    • Long Answer Question: An essay on an argumentative, discursive, reflective or descriptive topic.
    • Very Long Answer Question: A composition such as an article, a report or a speech.
  1. 01. Unit 1: Computer Fundamentals
    • Classification of Computers
    • Software Concepts
    • System Software
    • Operating System
    • Utility Software
    • Open Source Concepts
    • Application Software
    • Number System
    • Internal Storage Encoding of Characters
    • Microprocessor
    • Memory Concepts
    • Primary Memory
    • Secondary Memory
    • Input Output Ports and Connections
  2. 02. Unit 2: Programming Methodology
    • General Concepts
    • Problem Solving Methodologies
    • Problem Solving
  3. 03. Unit 3: Introduction to Python/C++
    • Getting Started
    • Data Types, Variables and Constants
    • Operator and Expressions
  4. 04. Unit 4: Programming with Python/C++
    • Flow of Control
    • Introduction to User-defined Function and its Requirements
    • Structured Data Type
    • User-defined Data Types

A detailed review of the entire syllabus for Class 11 can be found here

Exam Pattern and Grading Scheme

Scheme of Examination

The method and frequency of assessment exams, conducted by the school, are left to their own discretion. However, the final exam must be conducted following the stipulation laid down by the board. The grading is done with marks allocated as given below.

The weightage chart for each type of question is listed below.

Remembering (Knowledge Based) 10% 20%
Understanding Comprehension 30% 16%
Application 30% 25%
High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis and Synthesis) 14% 21%
Evaluation 16% 18%
Very Short Answer (VSA) 5 5
Short Answer I (SA I) 5 10
Short Answer II (SA II) 12 36
Value Based Question (VBQ) 1 4
Long Answer I (LA I) 3 15
Total 26 70

A detailed analysis of different subjects and the exam pattern can be found on the official CBSE website.

Grading Scheme

This letter-based grading is assigned for a particular range of marks. The ranges, grades and their respective grade points are listed below:

91-100 A1 10
81-90 A2 9
71-80 B1 8
61-70 B2 7
51-60 C1 6
41-50 C2 5
33-40 D 4
21-32 E1
<20 E2

The minimum qualifying grade for each subject is ‘D’.


Preparation is a matter of understanding the basic concepts in each subject. Sometimes, this comes from good textbooks and at other times, from experience by practicing. It is to be noted that all subjects are designed to provide a solid base on the basis of which, students can choose to build their knowledge and career. Some basic ideas on how to approach subjects are described here.

  • English: Practice the art of reading, speaking and writing. Expose yourself to English speaking situations and try to assimilate the information you receive. Develop good reading practice by reading novels, newspapers, books, etc. As most language teachers would say, the best way to improve writing is to try and think in the language itself. If not, then it becomes a matter of translation. Listening to audio renditions of proses and poems helps too.
  • Physics and Chemistry: Understanding basic ideas and concepts is essential. This will help you in both board and engineering qualification exams. Problems in both subjects need to be worked out with the intent to learn the idea behind them not just learn by heart. The latter can be done for laws and theorems that need to be verbatim on paper. Those can be learnt by heart. Paying attention in practical classes is very important as it’s the only place where one is taught how to use scientific instruments.
  • Biology: This subject is strenuous on the memory as concepts are basically pure information. One can approach Biology by trying to visualize the functions of the described phenomena and trying to correlate them with analogies that he or she is familiar with. Special attention to names and spellings of the many biological terminologies is warranted.
  • Maths: Maths is a practical subject. The best way to learn it is by practicing problems. No matter how clear a method might seem, there will most definitely be issues when using that method to solve a problem. It is highly recommended that problems are practised till good confidence is achieved.
  • Computer Science: This is another practical subject where one needs to learn a lot of history and logic. Understanding computer logic is the key to this subject. Programs need to be practiced. Just like Maths, no matter how well one understands logics or concepts, only practice can give one an idea of how to approach and solve a problem. Once described as follows by an IIT Professor, “Programming is akin to cycling or swimming. You can learn all the concepts and be absolutely sure about the working principles but to actually cycle or swim you have try it and practice it, many times over.”

Study Material

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Maths
  1. NCERT Textbook
  2. H.C. Verma
  1. 01. NCERT Textbook and the Solution Book by Arihant
  2. 02. Trueman’s Biology
  3. 03. Objective Biology: Dinesh Publication
  1. 01. NCERT Textbook
  2. 02. O.P. Tandon
  1. 01. NCERT Textbook
  2. 02. R.S. Agarwal
  3. 03. R.D. Sharma

Previous Years’ Papers

Previous years’ papers are important to practice because they help you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice more and more so that you can learn all the formulas by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam. You can find them all here by Toppr for your assistance, including practice papers for you to recharge your knowledge.

Doubt Clarification

Asking doubts and clearing them are important while preparing for exams. Toppr brings you a community who has survived the test of time and wants to help out students like you. Visit us here to discuss your doubts with community of students and experts and get their resolved.

Scholarship Exams

The following is a list of scholarships you can prepare for while studying for Class 11:

  1. Olympiads: There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students. To name a few – National Cyber Olympiad, National Science Olympiad, National Mathematical Olympiad, National Merit Scholarship Scheme.
  2. NEST: At least 20 scholarships worth 25,000 each are provided to 20 toppers in the Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test. Certificates are provided to those who score more than 40%.
  3. KVPY: Funded by the Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India, the KVPY scholarship programme is held to attract and motivate students across the country to pursue basic science education and a career in research.

For more information on other scholarships you can prepare for, click here.

Entrance Exams

Preparing for major entrance exams is imperative for candidates in Class 11, if they aim to secure admission to reputed colleges in Engineering or Medical colleges in the country.

Mentioned below is a list of entrance examinations that candidates can apply for:

Engineering Entrance Exams

  1. JEE Main: This exam helps students secure admission to National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs); as well as the dual degree programme of IIEST, Shibpur. The exam is conducted mostly between the first and second weeks of April.
  2. JEE Advanced: This exam helps students secure admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only those students who clear JEE Main are eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced. Over 200,000 students are selected each year. The exam is conducted during the last week of May.
  3. BITSAT: The BITS Admission Test or BITSAT is a computer-based online exam that helps students secure admission to the Integrated Degree programmes of Birla Institute of Technology and Science at its Pilani, Hyderabad and Goa campuses. The online exam generally takes place between the second and third weeks of April.
  4. UPSEE: The U.P. State Entrance Examination is a state-level engineering examination in Uttar Pradesh. It is conducted during the third week of April.
  5. EAMCET: The Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test, commonly called as EAMCET, is an entrance examination that helps students secure admission to some engineering and medical colleges in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India. Many other colleges offering graduation courses like B.D.S., B. Pharm., B.Sc., Pharm. D., B.E., B. Tech. etc. require qualification in this exam, which is conducted during the last week of May.
  6. MHT-CET: The Common Entrance Test is conducted by the Government of Maharashtra for admission to Full Time Degree Courses of Health Sciences (M.B.B.S., B.D.S., B.A.M.S., B.H.M.S., B.U.M.S., B.P. Th., B.O. Th., B.A.S.L.P., B.P.&O. and B.Sc. Nursing, B.V. Sc. and A.H.) and Technical Education (Engineering and Technology, Pharmacy and Pharm. D.). It generally takes place during the first week of May.

Medical Entrance Exams

  1. AIIMS: The All India Institute of Medical Sciences is one of India’s top ranked medical institutes with a limited number of seats and is hence very competitive. Separate exams are conducted for different courses during the month of May and June, after which counselling takes place.
  2. NEET: The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET-UG is an entrance examination in India for students who wish to study any graduate medical course (MBBS), dental course (BDS) or postgraduate course (MD or MS) in government or private medical colleges in India. The exam is conducted in 2 phases: Phase 1 is held during the first week of May and Phase 2, during the last week of July.
  3. AFMC: The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a medical college in Pune, in the state of Maharashtra. This college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces. Admission to its MBBS course is on the basis of a student’s NEET score, followed by an interview and then the final selection.
  4. JIPMER: The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) is a medical school, located in Pondicherry. It is a two and half hour online exam conducted during the first week of June.

Other Entrance Exams

  1. SAT: SAT (technically known as the SAT I) is a general test of verbal and quantitative reasoning that is required and accepted by U.S. colleges for admissions to their undergraduate programmes. Many universities also require you to take the SAT II test.
  2. COMEDK: COMEDK stands for the Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental colleges of Karnataka and is a state-level entrance test, floated by the Associations of Medical, Dental and Engineering private colleges for admissions to member institutions. Post the announcement of the results, the first round of the counselling process is held according to the COMEDK counselling schedule.
  3. VITEEE: VIT University conducts the VIT Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) to grant students admission to their various undergraduate engineering programmes. Admissions to its two campuses, in Chennai and Vellore, is purely on the basis of marks secured in the VITEEE exam.

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