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What is the term-wise syllabus of class 11?


  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  1. 01. Units and Measurement
  2. 02. Motion in a Straight Line
  3. 03. Motion in a Plane
  4. 04. Laws of Motion
  5. 05. Work, Energy and Power
  6. 06. System of Particles and Rotational Motion
  7. 07. Gravitation
  8. 08. Mechanical Properties of Solids
  9. 09. Mechanical Properties of Fluids
  10. 10. Thermal Properties of Matter
  1. 11. Thermodynamics
  2. 12. Kinetic Theory
  3. 13. Oscillations
  4. 14. Waves
  5. 15. Physical World
  1. 01. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  2. 02. Structure of Atom
  3. 03. Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  4. 04. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  5. 05. States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  6. 06. Organic Chemistry : Some Basic Principles
  7. 07. Hydrogen
  8. 08. Thermodynamics
  9. 09. Equilibrium
  10. 10. Redox Reactions
  11. 11. s- Block Elements
  1. 12. Some p- Block Elements
  2. 13. Aliphatic hydrocarbons
  3. 14. Environmental Chemistry
  1. 01. The Living World
  2. 02. Biological Classification
  3. 03. Plant Kingdom
  4. 04. Animal Kingdom
  5. 05. Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. 06. Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. 07. Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. 08. Cell : The Unit of Life
  9. 09. Biomolecules
  10. 10. Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. 11. Transport in Plants
  1. 12. Mineral Nutrition
  2. 13. Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  3. 14. Respiration in Plants
  4. 15. Plant Growth and Development
  5. 16. Digestion and Absorption
  6. 17. Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  7. 18. Body Fluids and Circulation
  8. 19. Excretory Products and their Elimination
  9. 20. Locomotion and Movement
  10. 21. Neural Control and Coordination
  11. 22. Chemical Coordination and Integration
  • Mathematics
  • English
  • Computer Science
  1. 01. Sets
  2. 02. Relations and Functions
  3. 03. Trigonometric Functions
  4. 04. Principle of Mathematical Induction
  5. 05. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  6. 06. Linear Inequalities
  7. 07. Permutations and Combinations
  8. 08. Binomial Theorem
  1. 09. Sequences and Series
  2. 10. Straight Lines
  3. 11. Conic Sections
  4. 12. Introduction to Three Dimensional Geometry
  5. 13. Limits and Derivatives
  6. 14. Mathematical Reasoning
  7. 15. Probability
  8. 16. Statistics
  1. 01. Reading [20]
  2. 02. Writing Skills and Grammar [30]
  3. 03. Literary Appreciation and Extended Reading Texts [30]
  4. 04. Assessment of Speaking and Listening Skills [20]
  1. 01. Unit 1: Computer Fundamentals
  2. 02. Unit 2: Programming Methodology
  3. 03. Unit 3: Introduction to Python/C++
  4. 04. Unit 4: Programming with Python/C++

What is the exam pattern and grading system for class 11?

Scheme of examination

The method and frequency of assessment exams conducted by the school are left to the school’s discretion. However the final exam must be conducted following the stipulation laid down by the Board. The grading is done with marks allocated as given below and a final cumulative Grade Point Average(CGPA) is also calculated.

The weightage chart for each type of question is listed below.

Type of Question Weight-age to be given
Based on Conceptual Understanding 40%
Inferential type 20%
Higher Mental Ability type 20%
Multidisciplinary 10%
Construct Question based on the Answer provided 10%
Type of Question Weightage to be given
Multiple Choice Questions 10-20%
Short Answer I 30-40%
Short Answer Type II 20-30%
Long Answer Type 10-40%

In addition to one language subject which is English, the students are allowed to pick four subjects from a list of electives. Even though there are a number of elective subjects stipulated by the board, depending on the school’s teacher and facility constraints, only a few electives are given as a viable option for the students. Most common ones are the subjects which cater to engineering, medicine or major arts and humanities.

The most common electives are:

  1. Mathematics-I
  2. Mathematics-II
  3. Physics
  4. Chemistry
  5. Biology
  6. Computer Science
  7. Business Studies
  8. Accountancy
  9. Geography
  10. Economics

With engineering or medicine in mind the elective choices are further reduced to the subjects maths, physics, chemistry, computer science and biology.

Co-scholastic work:

The students are to participate in co-scholastic work as described by the board syllabus. This includes learning of creative arts and indulging in social work. Though this part of the curriculum is not graded, it is very important in shaping the student's character, morality and nurturing creativity.

Grading with range of marks

The grading is a letter based grade assigned for a particular range of marks. The ranges and grades and their respective grade point values are listed below.

Mark Range Grade Grade Point
91-100 A1 10
81-90 A2 9
71-80 B1 8
61-70 B2 7
51-60 C1 6
41-50 C2 5
33-40 D 4
21-32 E1
< 20 E2

The minimum qualifying grade for each subjectis ‘D’.

How should I prepare?

Preparation is a matter of understanding the basic concepts in each subject. Sometimes these come from good text books, other times from experience by practicing. It is to be noted that all the subjects are designed to provide a base on which the student can chose to build their knowledge and career. Some basic ideas on how to approach the subjects are described here.

  • English: Practice the art of speaking and writing. Be exposed to English speaking situations and try to assimilate the information. As most language teachers would say, the best way to improve writing is to try and think in the language itself. If not then it becomes a matter of translation. Listening to audio renditions of the poems or prose helps too.
  • Physics & Chemistry: Understanding the basic ideas and concepts is essential. This will help not only in the board exam but also in the engineering qualification exams like JEE. Problems in both the subjects need to be worked out with intent to learn the idea behind them and not learn by heart. There are enough laws and theorems that need to be in verbatim on the paper. Those can be learnt by heart. Paying attention in practical classes is very important. This is the only place where one is taught how to use the scientific instruments.
  • Biology: This subject is strenuous on the memory. The concepts are basically pure information. One can approach this subject by trying to visualize the functions of the described phenomena and trying to correlate them with analogies that are familiar to oneself. Special attention to the names and spellings of the many biological terminologies is warranted.
  • Maths: Maths is a very practical subject. The best way to learn it is by practicing the problems. No matter how clear a method seems to be, there will most definitely be issues when using that method to solve a problem. It is highly recommended that the problems be practised till good confidence is achieved.
  • Computer Science: Again this is also a very practical subject. There is a lot of history and logic to be learnt. Understanding computer logic is the key to this subject. Programs need to be practiced. Just like maths, no matter how well one understands the logic or concepts, only practice can give you an idea of how to approach a problem and solve it. Once described as follows by an IIT Professor: Programming is akin to cycling or swimming. You can learn all the concepts and be absolutely sure about the working principles but to actually cycle or swim you have try it and practice it, many times over.

Where should I study from?

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Maths
  1. 01. NCERT textbook
  2. 02. NCERT Solution by Arihant
  3. 03. Pradeep’s Fundamental Physics
  4. 04. H C Verma
  1. 01. NCERT textbook and the solution book by Arihant
  1. 01. NCERT Textbook
  2. 02. NCERT Solutions by Arihant
  3. 03. Pradeep VS Modern ABC for Chemistry
  1. 01. NCERT Textbook
  2. 02. NCERT Solutions by Arihant
  3. 03. R S Agarwal
  4. 04. R D Sharma

Where can I find previous years’ papers?

Previous year papers are important to practice because they help you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice more and more so that you can learn all the formulas by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam. You can find them all here by Toppr for your assistance, including practice papers for you to recharge your knowledge

  1. CBSE Sample papers For Class 11

Where should I ask my doubts?

Asking doubts and clearing them is important while preparing for exams. Toppr brings you a community who has survived the test of time and wants to help out students like you. Discuss with a community of students and experts.

Which competitive and scholarship exams can I take this year?

The following is the list of competitive exams you can take part in and test your skills:

Engineering exams

  1. JEE Main: JEE-Main exam is for admission to National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs) as well as for admission to the dual degree programme of IIEST Shibpur. The exam is conducted mostly during first-second week of April.
  2. JEE Advanced: JEE-Advanced is for admission to Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only the students selected in JEE Mains are eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced. Over 200,000 students are selected each year. The exam is conducted during last week of May.
  3. BITSAT: BITS Admission Test or BITSAT is a computer based online exam for admission to Integrated Degree programmes of Birla Institute of Technology and Science at its Pilani and Goa campuses. The online exam generally takes place between 2nd – 3rd week of April.
  4. UPSEE: UPSEE (U.P. STATE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION) is the state level engineering examination of Uttar Pradesh. It is conducted during the 3rd week of April.
  5. EAMCET: Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test, commonly called as EAMCET, is an entrance examination required for admission to some engineering and medical colleges in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India. Many other colleges offering graduation courses like BDS, B.Pharm., BSc., Pharm.D., B.E, B. Tech, etc. require qualification in this exam. The exam is conducted during last week of May.
  6. MHT-CET: The Common Entrance Test is conducted by Government of Maharshtra for admission to First Year of Full Time Degree Courses of Health Sciences (MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BHMS, BUMS, BPTh, BOTh, BASLP, BP&O and BSc. Nursing, B.V.Sc. & AH) and Technical Education (Engineering and Technology, Pharmacy and Pharm. D.). It generally takes place during 1st week of May.

Pre-medical exams:

  1. AIIMS: AIIMS is the India’s top ranked medical institute with limited number of seats and hence is very competitive. Separate exams are conducted for different courses during the month of May and June after which counselling takes place.
  2. NEET: The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET-UG is an entrance examination in India, for students who wish to study any graduate medical course (MBBS), dental course (BDS) or postgraduate course (MD / MS) in government or private medical colleges in India. The exam is conducted in 2 phases: phase 1 during 1st week of May and 2nd during last week of July.
  3. AFMC: The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a medical college in Pune, India, in the state of Maharashtra. The college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces. Admission to MBBS course is on the basis of the NEET. This is followed by an interview and then after the final selection.
  4. JIPMER: The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) is a medical school in India located at Pondicherry. It is a 2 and half hour online exam conducted during 1st week of June.

Other Competitive Exams

  1. Olympiads (IMO, NSO, UCO, IOM, IOS, NCO, IESO, etc.) There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students. Naming a few - National Cyber Olympiad, National Science Olympiad, National Mathematical Olympiad, National Merit Scholarship Scheme.
  2. NEST (Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test): At least 20 scholarships worth 25,000 each are provided to 20 toppers in the test. Certificates are provided to those who score more than 40%.
  3. SAT: The SAT (technically known as the SAT I) is a general test of verbal and quantitative reasoning accepted for U. S. college admissions. The test is required for admission to undergraduate programs of most US universities. Many universities also require you to take SAT-II tests.
  4. KVPY: The KVPY fellowship/scholarship programme, which is funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, is held to attract and motivate students across the country to pursue a research career and basic science education.
  5. COMEDK: COMEDK stands for Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental colleges of Karnataka and is a state level Entrance test and floated by the Associations of Medical, Dental and Engineering private colleges for admissions to the Member Institutions. Post Results, first round of Counselling process is held as per the COMEDK counselling schedule
  6. VITEEE: VIT University had conducted VIT Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) 2016 for granting admissions to various undergraduate engineering programmes. Admissions to its two campuses, Chennai and Vellore, will be purely on the basis of the marks secured in the VITEEE

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