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All the facts, syllabus and information you need, about excelling in Class 6



Number System

  1. 01.
    Knowing our Numbers
  2. 02.
    Playing with Numbers
  3. 03.
    Whole Numbers
  4. 04.
    Negative Numbers and Integers
  5. 05.
  6. 06.


  1. 01.
    Introduction to Algebra
  2. 02.
    Ratio and Proportion:
    • Concept of Ratio
    • Proportion as Equality of Two Ratios
    • Unitary Method (With Only Direct Variation Implied)
    • Word Problems


  1. 01.
    Basic Geometrical Ideas (2D)
  2. 02.
    Understanding Elementary Shapes (2D and 3D)
  3. 03.
    Symmetry: (Reflection)
  4. 04.
    Constructions (Using Straight Edge Scale, Protractor and Compasses)


  1. 01.
    Concept of Perimeter and Introduction to Area

Data handling

  1. 01.
    Collection and Organisation of Data: Examples of Organizing it in Tally Bars and a Table
  2. 02.
    Pictograph: Need for Scaling in Pictographs Interpretation and Construction
  3. 03.
    Drawing Bar Graphs for Given Data: Interpreting Bar Graphs

Social Studies


An Introduction to History

  1. 01.
    What, When, Where and How
  2. 02.
    The Earliest Societies
  3. 03.
    From Gathering to Growing Food
  4. 04.
    The First Cities
  5. 05.
    Different Ways of Life
  6. 06.
    What Books and Burials Tell Us
  7. 07.
    Kingdoms, Kings and Early Republics
  8. 08.
    New Questions and Ideas
  9. 09.
    Ashok: The Emperor Who Gave Up War
  10. 10.
    Vital Villages, Thriving Towns
  11. 11.
    Traders, Kings and Pilgrims
  12. 12.
    New Empires and Kingdoms
  13. 13.
    Culture and Science


  1. 01.
    Planet: Earth in the Solar System
  2. 02.
    Globe: The Model of the Earth, Latitudes and Longitudes; Motions of the Earth’s Rotation and Revolution
  3. 03.
    Maps: Essential Components of Maps, Distance, Directions and Symbols
  4. 04.
    Four Realms of the Earth: Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere and Biosphere: Continents and Oceans
  5. 05.
    Major Relief Features of the Earth
  6. 06.
    India in the World: Physiographic Divisions of India – Mountains, Plateaus and Plains; Climate; Natural Vegetation and Wildlife; Need for Their Conservation

Political Science

UNIT 1: Diversity

  1. 01.
    Section 1
    • Diversity as a Fact of Being Human
    • What Diversity Adds to our Lives
    • Diversity in India
  2. 02.
    Section 2
    • Prejudice and Discrimination
    • Inequality and Discrimination
    • Recognition of Multiple Identities in Oneself
    • The Constitution and Respect for Diversity

UNIT 2: Government

  1. 01.
    Section 1
    • The Need for Government
    • Decision-Making and Participation
    • The Quest for a Universal Adult Franchise Through Examples of the Suffragette Movement and the Anti-Apartheid Struggle
    • Various Forms of Government and the Absence of Collective Sanction
  2. 02.
    Section 2

    Key Elements that Influence the Functioning of the Democratic Government:

    • Participation and Accountability
    • Resolution of Conflict
    • Concerns for Equality and Justice

UNIT 3: Local Government

  1. 01.
    Section 1
    • Panchayati Raj
    • Description of Panchayat, Including Electoral Process, Decision Making and Implementation of Decisions
    • Role of a Gram Sabha
    • Women and the Panchayat
  2. 02.
    Section 2
    • Urban Local Government
    • Municipal Corporation Elections, Decision Making Structures
    • The Provision of Water and the Work of the Municipal Corporation
    • Citizens Protests to Get Their Grievances Addressed
  3. 03.
    Section 3
    • Rural Administration
    • Focus on a Land Dispute and the Role of Local Police and Patwari
    • On-Land Records and Role of Patwari
    • On the New Inheritance Law

UNIT 4: Making a Living

  1. 01.
    Section 1
    • Rural Livelihoods
    • Various Types of Livelihoods Prevalent in a Village
    • Different Types of Farmers: Middle Farmer, Landless Labourers and Large Farmers
  2. 02.
    Section 2
    • Urban Livelihoods
    • Difference between Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Occupations
    • Descriptions of Various Types of Livelihoods Including Vegetable Vendor, Domestic Servant, Garment Worker and a Bank Employee
    • Differences Between Self-Employed, Regular Employment and Wage Employment
    • The Interlinkage Between Rural and Urban Lives Through a Discussion of Migration



Activities and materials that promote language growth in the early years have been described in some detail in the preceding section. Work at the upper primary level, that provides a basis for action and interventions in schools, has been described below. In general, vocabulary development through extensive reading with comprehension and written activities of a higher order than hitherto developed are the main goals of teaching and learning at this stage.


The general objectives at this stage are:

  • To negotiate their own learning goals, evaluate their own progress and edit, revise or review their own work.
  • To understand, enjoy and appreciate a wide range of texts representing different cultures and ways of living.
  • To be able to articulate individual and personal responses effectively.
  • To use language and vocabulary appropriately in different contexts and social encounters.
  • To be able to organise and structure one’s thoughts through speech and writing.
  • To develop production skills (fluency and accuracy in both speaking and writing).
  • To use a dictionary suitable to their needs.
  • To understand and enjoy jokes, skits, children’s films, anecdotes and riddles.

At the end of this stage learners will be able to:

  • Understand the central idea and locate details in the text (prescribed and non-prescribed).
  • Use critical thinking faculty to read between the lines and go beyond the text
  • Narrate simple experiences, describe objects and people and report events to one’s peers.
  • Speak accurately with appropriate pauses and clear stress on words and sentences to be intelligible in familiar social contexts.
  • Write simple messages, invitations, short paragraphs, letters (formal and informal) applications, simple narrative and descriptive pieces etc.
  • Use one’s proficiency in English to explore and study other areas of knowledge through print and non-print media.
  • Undertake small projects on a regular basis.

Language Items

At the upper primary level, knowledge of grammar remains a process of discovery combined with a conscious effort to explicitly understand and name grammatical items. However, these should not be taken out of context and treated as discrete teaching items. In addition to consolidating items learnt earlier, the following will be introduced and recycled through the upper primary stage.

  1. 01.
    Determiners and Passivization
  2. 02.
    Linking Words and Adjectives (Comparative and Superlative Forms)
  3. 03.
    Adverbs (Place and Types) and Modal Auxiliaries
  4. 04.
    Tense Forms and Word Order in Sentence Types
  5. 05.
    Clauses and Reported Speech

Methods and Techniques

Classroom interaction is meant to promote optimal learner participation, leading to the urge to use language; both in speech and writing. The selection of actual classroom procedures is left to the discretion of the teacher. The following are nonetheless recommended:

  • Role Play
  • Dramatization
  • Reading Aloud
  • Recitation of Rhymes, Poems and Making Observations on a Given Topic or Theme
  • Telling and Retelling Stories, Anecdotes, and Jokes
  • Discussion and Debate
  • Simple Projects
  • Interpreting Pictures, Sketches and Cartoons
  • Activities, Tasks, and Language Games
  • Pair Work, Group Work and Short Assignments; both Individual and Group
  • Exploring the Electronic Media


For the Hindi syllabus, click here


  1. 01.
  2. 02.
  3. 03.
    The World of the Living
  4. 04.
    Moving Things, People and Ideas
  5. 05.
    How Things Work
  6. 06.
    Natural Phenomena
  7. 07.
    Natural Resources

Exam Pattern and Grading System

The exam pattern is subject to change as per the new CBSE guidelines. Candidates will be updated as soon as we receive them.

Grading Scale

The assessment of scholastic attainments will be reported twice a year. The nine-point grading scale is given below:

Grade Marks
A1 91 – 100
A2 81 – 90
B1 71 – 80
B2 61 – 70
C1 51 – 60
C2 41 – 50
D 33 – 40
E 32 and below


Hard work and focus are the keys to cracking exams and Olympiads. However, all subjects require some special and specific tips, which you can find below:

  • English: Focus on grammar and writing as these are sections where students tend to lose maximum marks. Practice writing sections and exam papers along with grammar questions like editing and omission of paragraphs. These require intensive practice and demand students to be thorough.
  • Mathematics: Stick to concept building first. Be thorough with NCERT textbooks before moving to R.S. Aggarwal books for your Olympiad study. NCERT contains many conceptual questions and will help you build a strong base.
  • Science: These are your formative years and that is why you should pay attention to chapters in Physics and Chemistry. Since Biology is mostly theoretical at this stage, it doesn’t require a lot of practice. Physics and Chemistry, however, demand intensive study and you should make sure you understand all concepts well while also solving numericals if any.
  • Social Science: Contrary to common belief, don't mug up Social Sciences. The concept matter will be a lot clearer to you once you understand how the government works or what happened during the Indian independence period. Understanding the subject will give you less to swallow, helping you retain and recall more during the exam. Plus, you will be able to relate it to current events and pinpoint historical trends.
  • Hindi: This subject is very scoring but demands heavy practice. Collect several sample papers and practise them till you’re thorough.

Study Material

You can study from the below books. Make sure you accompany the text you read with sufficient problems to solve:


1 NCERT Pact with the Sun: Supplementary Reader
2 NCERT Honeysuckle Textbook for Class 6
3 Oxford University Press New Oxford Modern English


1 NCERT Mathematics Textbook for Class 6
2 R.S Aggarwal Mathematics for Class 6
3 Sultan Chand Systematic Mathematics
4 R.D. Sharma Mathematics for Class VI
5 M.T.G. Foundation Course Mathematics


1 NCERT Science Textbook for Class 6
2 Bharti Bhawan Basic Science for Class 6


1 Saraswati Vyakaran Nidhi
2 NCERT Vasant
3 Saraswati Sanskrit Vyakaran

Social Science

1 NCERT 1. Textbook in History for Class 6
2. The Earth: Our Habitat
3. Social and Political Life I
2 Bharti Bhawan 1. History
2. Geography
3. Civics

Previous Years’ Papers

Practising previous years' papers is important as it helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice a lot so that you’re able to memorise formulae and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.

Doubt Solving

Asking doubts and clearing them are both important while preparing for your exams. Toppr brings you a community that has survived the test of time and wants to help every student and ensure their success. Visit us here to discuss and clarify all your doubts and queries.

Competitive Exams

  1. NSTSE: The National Level Science Talent Search Examination is a diagnostic test which helps students improve their overall learning ability and educational performance. Unlike other tests which may only discover how much a student knows or has memorised, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood concepts and provides detailed feedback to help him or her improve.
  2. Olympiads: There are several Olympiads organised by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students.
  3. NIMO: The EduHeal Foundation conducts the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO) which promises to make Math more fun. It aims to do this by introducing interactive activities like Olympiads, workshops and seminars.
  4. NBTO: The National Biotechnology Olympiad is creating awareness about Biotechnology and bringing in an element of challenge and competition in students. It is also inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about Biotechnology issues and test their aptitude for future careers in Biotechnology.
  5. GeoGenius: Established by leading academicians, GeoGenius aims to popularize the understanding of Geography among school children and increase public awareness on the topic. It also endeavours to educate children about the earth and inculcate a deep love and respect for the environment, which plays a major role in their progress.
  6. ASSET: Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing rote learning, through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students learn skills and concepts in their syllabus. The test also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of both individual students and entire classes.

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