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# Class 6

Learn for CBSE, ICSE and 15 other school boards along with Olympiads and Competitive exams

## Exams

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CBSE
Civics
54 Videos 9 Goals 41 Tests
English
20 Videos 15 Goals 41 Tests
General Knowledge
10 Videos 53 Goals 41 Tests
Geography
102 Videos 8 Goals 41 Tests
History
65 Videos 12 Goals 41 Tests
Maths
120 Videos 40 Goals 41 Tests
Science
100 Videos 31 Goals 41 Tests

## All you need to know about Class 6

Sections

Syllabus & Exam Pattern

• Syllabus for Class 6
• Exam Pattern and Grading for Class 6

Competitive Examinations for Class 6

How to prepare for Class 6

• Preparation Tips for Class 6
• Study Material for Class 6
• Previous Years’ Papers for Class 6

## Syllabus for CBSE Class 6

Mathematics
1. Number System
• Knowing our Numbers
• Playing with Numbers
• Whole Numbers
• Negative Numbers and Integers:
• Fractions
• Decimals
2. Algebra
• Introduction to Algebra
• Ratio and Proportion
• Concept of Ratio
• Proportion as Equality of Two Ratios
• Unitary Method
• Word Problems
3. Geometry
• Basic Geometrical Ideas
• Understanding Elementary Shapes
• Symmetry
• Practical Geometry
4. Mensuration
• Concept of Perimeter and Introduction to Area
5. Data Handling
• Collection and Organisation of Data
• Pictographs
• Drawing Bar Graphs for Given Data: Interpreting Bar Graphs
History
1. What, When, Where and How
2. The Earliest Societies
3. From Gathering to Growing Food
4. The First Cities
5. Different Ways of Life
6. What Books and Burials Tell Us
7. Kingdoms, Kings and Early Republics
1. New Questions and Ideas
2. Ashok: The Emperor Who Gave Up War
3. Vital Villages, Thriving Towns
5. New Empires and Kingdoms
6. Culture and Science
Geography
1. The Earth in the Solar System
2. Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes
3. Motions of the Earth
4. Maps : Essential Components of Maps, Distance, Directions and Symbols
1. Major Domains of the Earth
2. Major Landforms of the Earth
3. Our Country – India
4. India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife
Political Science
UNIT 1: Diversity
Section 1
• Diversity as a Fact of Being Human
• What Diversity Adds to our Lives
• Diversity in India
Section 2
• Prejudice and Discrimination
• Inequality and Discrimination
• Recognition of Multiple Identities in Oneself
• The Constitution and Respect for Diversity
UNIT 2: Government
Section 1
• The Need for Government
• Decision-Making and Participation
• The Quest for Universal Adult Franchise through Examples of the Suffragette Movement and the Anti-Apartheid Struggle
• Various Forms of Government and the Absence of Collective Sanction
Section 2
• Key Elements that Influence the Functioning of the Democratic Government
• Participation and Accountability
• Resolution of Conflict
• Concerns for Equality and Justice
UNIT 3: Local Government
Section 1: Panchayati Raj
• Description of Panchayat: Electoral Process, Decision Making and the Implementation of Decisions
• Role of a Gram Sabha
• Women and the Panchayat
Section 2: Urban Local Government
• Municipal Corporation Elections, Decision Making Structures
• The Provision of Water and the Work of the Municipal Corporation
• Citizens’ Protests to get their Grievances Addressed
• Focus on a Land Dispute and the Role of Local Police and Patwari
• On-Land Records and the Role of Patwari
• On the New Inheritance Law
UNIT 4: Making a Living
Section 1: Rural Livelihoods
• Various Types of Livelihoods Prevalent in a Village
• Different Types of Farmers: Middle Farmer, Landless Labourers and Large Farmers
Section 2: Urban Livelihoods
• Difference between Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Occupations
• Descriptions of Various Types of Livelihoods Including Vegetable Vendor, Domestic Servant, Garment Worker and a Bank Employee
• Differences between Self, Regular and Wage Employment
• The Interlinkage between Rural and Urban Lives through a Discussion of Migration
English

In general, vocabulary development through extensive reading with comprehension and interest, and written activities at a higher level are the main goals of teaching and learning at this stage.

Objectives

The general objectives at this stage are:

• To negotiate personal learning goals, evaluate one’s own progress and edit, revise or review one’s own work
• To understand, enjoy and appreciate a wide range of texts representing different cultures and ways of living
• To be able to articulate individual responses effectively
• To use language and vocabulary appropriately in different contexts and social encounters
• To be able to organise and structure one’s thoughts through speech and writing
• To develop production skills (fluency and accuracy in both speaking and writing)
• To exercise discretion while using a dictionary
• To understand and enjoy jokes, skits, children’s films, anecdotes and riddles

At the end of this stage learners will be able to:

• Understand the central theme of the text (prescribed and non-prescribed)
• Use critical thinking to read between the lines and go beyond the text
• Narrate simple experiences, describe objects and people, and report events to one’s peers
• Speak accurately with appropriate pauses and clear stress on words and sentences to be intelligible in familiar social contexts
• Write simple messages, invitations, short paragraphs, letters (formal and informal) applications, simple narrative and descriptive pieces etc.
• Use one’s proficiency in English to explore and study other areas of knowledge through print and non-print media
• Undertake small projects on a regular basis

Language Items

At the upper primary level, knowledge of grammar remains a process of discovery, combined with a conscious effort to explicitly understand and name grammatical items. In addition to consolidating items learnt earlier, the following will be introduced and recycled through the upper primary stage:

• Determiners and Passivization
• Adverbs (Place and Types) and Modal Auxiliaries
• Tense Forms and Word Order in Sentence Types
• Clauses and Reported Speech

Methods and Techniques

The selection of actual classroom procedures is left to the discretion of the teacher. The following are nonetheless recommended:

• Role Play
• Dramatization
• Recitation of Rhymes, Poems and Making Observations on a Given Topic or Theme
• Telling and Retelling Stories, Anecdotes, and Jokes
• Discussion and Debate
• Simple Projects
• Interpreting Pictures, Sketches and Cartoons
• Activities, Tasks, and Language Games
• Pair Work, Group Work and Short Assignments; both Individual and Group
• Exploring the Electronic Media
Science
1. Food
2. Materials
3. The World of the Living
4. Moving Things, People and Ideas
1. How Things Work
2. Natural Phenomena
3. Natural Resources

For the Hindi syllabus, check:   Hindi Syllabus for Class 6.

## Exam Pattern and Grading for Class 6

The exam pattern is subject to change as per the new CBSE guidelines.

The assessment of scholastic attainments will be reported twice a year. The nine-point grading scale is given below:

A1 91 – 100
A2 81 – 90
B1 71 – 80
B2 61 – 70
C1 51 – 60
C2 41 – 50
D 33 – 40
E 32 and below

## Competitive Examinations for Class 6 Stroke 396

The following is the list of competitive exams for Class 6:

• NSO: The National Science Olympiad is a national level science exam conducted for students from classes 1 to 12 by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted on the basis of the marks obtained by the candidates. You need to refer to the Science and Math syllabi – as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards.
• NSTSE: The National Level Science Talent Search Exam encourages students to reason critically while solving problems. NSTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students from classes 2 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter are based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE board.
• MTSE: The Maths Talent Search Exam is a competitive exam conducted by the Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA) for students from classes 3 to 9. Mental ability, Mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are its main focus areas. The study matter is based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE and ICSE boards, and the top rankers are awarded scholarships.
• IMO: The International Mathematics Olympiad is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children, both in India and abroad. All students studying in classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible. The subject matter is based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE and ICSE boards, and the top rankers per class are awarded scholarships.
• NSEJS: The National Standard Exam in Junior Science is jointly conducted by the IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students from classes 1 to 10 are eligible for it.
• ISO: The International Science Olympiad is an exam held annually at the national and international levels. The conducting body for IOS is the SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian students from classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible.
• IIO: The International Information Olympiad is conducted by the Computer Literacy Foundation every year. Students from classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible for it.
• NIMO: The EduHeal Foundation conducts the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO) which promises to make Math more fun. It aims to do this by introducing interactive activities like Olympiads, workshops and seminars.
• NBTO: The National Biotechnology Olympiad is creating awareness about Biotechnology and bringing in an element of challenge and competition among students. It is also inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about issues related to Biotechnology, and test their aptitude for future careers in the field.
• GeoGenius: Established by leading academicians, GeoGenius aims to popularize the understanding of Geography among school children. It also educates them about the planet and inculcates a deep love and respect towards the environment, which plays a major role in their progress.
• ASSET: Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The test also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of both individual students and entire classes.

## Preparation Tips for Class 6

Hard work is key to cracking exams and Olympiads. However, all subjects require some specific tips, which are mentioned below:

• English: Focus on grammar and writing, as these are sections in which students tend to lose the maximum number of marks. Practice writing sections of previous papers, along with grammar questions like editing and omission of paragraphs. The latter requires intensive practice, and demand that the students be thorough.
• Mathematics: Initially, stick to concept building. Be thorough with NCERT textbooks before moving on to R.S. Aggarwal books for the Olympiads. NCERT contains many conceptual questions and will help you build a strong foundation.
• Science: These are your formative years and that is why you should pay attention to chapters in Physics and Chemistry. Since Biology is mostly theoretical at this stage, it doesn’t require a lot of practice. Physics and Chemistry, however, demand intensive study, and you should make sure that you understand all the concepts well before solving numericals, if any.
• Social Science: Don't simply mug up the facts. The concept matter will be a lot clearer to you once you understand – for instance – how the government works, or what happened during the Indian independence period. Understanding the subject will help you retain and recall effectively during the exam. Plus, you will be able to relate it to current events, and pinpoint historical trends from a panoramic standpoint.
• Hindi: This subject demands intensive practice, for you to score well. Collect several sample papers and practice them till you’re thorough.

## Study Material for Class 6

You can study from the books listed below. Make sure you accompany the text with sufficient problems to solve:

English
• Pact with the Sun; Supplementary Reader, by NCERT
• Honeysuckle Textbook for Class 6, by NCERT
• New Oxford Modern English
Maths
• Mathematics textbook for Class 6, by NCERT
• Mathematics for Class 6, by R.S. Aggarwal
• Systematic Mathematics, by Sultan Chand
• Mathematics for Class 6, by R.D. Sharma
• Foundation Course Mathematics, by MTG Publications
Science
• Science Textbook for Class 6, by NCERT
• Basic Science for Class 6, by Bharti Bhawan
Hindi and Sanskrit
• Vyakaran Nidhi, by Saraswati Publications
• Vasant, by NCERT
• Sanskrit Vyakaran, by Saraswati Publications
Social Science
• Textbook in History for Class 6, by NCERT
• The Earth: Our Habitat, by NCERT
• Social and Political Life I, by NCERT
• History, by Bharti Bhawan
• Geography, by Bharti Bhawan
• Civics, by Bharti Bhawan

## Previous Years’ Papers for Class 6

Practising previous years' papers are important, as it helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice a lot so that you’re able to memorise formulae and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.

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