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All the facts, syllabus and information you need, about excelling in Class 7



  1. 01.
  2. 02.
    Fractions and Decimal Numbers
  3. 03.
  4. 04.
    Introduction to Rational Numbers
  5. 05.
    Lines and Angles
  6. 06.
    Properties of Triangles
  7. 07.
  8. 08.
    Simple Equations
  9. 09.
    Introduction to Algebra
  10. 10.
    Algebraic Expressions
  11. 11.
    Ratio and Proportion
  12. 12.
    Comparing Quantities
  13. 13.
    Congruence of Triangles
  14. 14.
    Practical Geometry
  15. 15.
    Data Handling
  16. 16.
    Representing 3D in 2D
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    Concepts of Perimeter and Introduction to Area
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
    Visualising Solid Shapes
  21. 21.
    Geometry: Understanding Shapes

Social Studies


  1. 01.
    Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years
  2. 02.
    New Kings and Kingdoms
  3. 03.
    The Delhi Sultans
  4. 04.
  5. 05.
    Rulers and Buildings
  6. 06.
    Towns, Traders and Craftspersons
  7. 07.
    Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities
  8. 08.
    Devotional Paths to the Divine
  9. 09.
    The Making of Regional Cultures
  10. 10.


  1. 01.
  2. 02.
    Inside Our Earth
  3. 03.
    Our Changing Earth
  4. 04.
  5. 05.
  6. 06.
  7. 07.
    Human Environment: Settlement, Transport and Communication
  8. 08.
  9. 09.
    Life in the Temperate Grasslands
  10. 10.
    Life in the Deserts


  1. 01.
    On Equality
  2. 02.
    Role of the Government in Health
  3. 03.
    How the State Government Works
  4. 04.
    Growing up as Boys and Girls
  5. 05.
    Women can Change the World
  6. 06.
    Understanding Media
  7. 07.
    Understanding Advertising
  8. 08.
    Market Around Us
  9. 09.
    A Shirt in the Market
  10. 10.
    Struggle for Equality



Activities and materials that promote language growth in the early years have been described in some detail in the preceding section. Work at the upper primary level that provides the basis for action and interventions in schools has been described below. In general, vocabulary development through extensive reading with comprehension, interest and written activities of a higher order than those developed hitherto are the main goals of teaching and learning at this stage.


The general objectives at this stage are:

  • To negotiate their own learning goals, evaluate their own progress and edit, revise or review their own work.
  • To understand, enjoy and appreciate a wide range of texts representing different cultures and ways of living.
  • To be able to articulate individual and personal responses effectively.
  • To use language and vocabulary appropriately in different contexts and social encounters.
  • To be able to organise and structure one’s thoughts through speech and writing.
  • To develop production skills (fluency and accuracy in both speaking and writing).
  • To use a dictionary suitable to their needs.
  • To understand and enjoy jokes, skits, children’s films, anecdotes and riddles.

At the end of this stage learners will be able to:

  • Understand the central idea and locate details in the text (prescribed and non-prescribed).
  • Use critical thinking faculty to read between the lines and go beyond the text.
  • Narrate simple experiences, describe objects and people and report events to one’s peers.
  • Speak accurately with appropriate pauses and clear stress on words and sentences to be intelligible in familiar social contexts.
  • Write simple messages, invitations, short paragraphs, letters (formal and informal) applications, simple narrative and descriptive pieces etc.
  • Use one’s proficiency in English to explore and study other areas of knowledge through print and non-print media.
  • Undertake small projects on a regular basis.

Language Items

At the upper primary level, knowledge of grammar remains a process of discovery combined with a conscious effort to explicitly understand and name grammatical items. However, these should not be taken out of context and treated as discrete teaching items. In addition to consolidating items learnt earlier, the following will be introduced and recycled through the upper primary stage.

  • Determiners and Passivization
  • Linking Words and Adjectives (Comparative and Superlative Forms)
  • Adverbs (Place and Types) and Modal Auxiliaries
  • Tense Forms and Word Order in Sentence Types
  • Clauses and Reported Speech

Methods and Techniques

Classroom interaction is meant to promote optimal learner participation, leading to the urge to use language; both in speech and writing. The selection of actual classroom procedures is left to the discretion of the teacher. The following are nonetheless recommended:

  • Role Play
  • Dramatization
  • Reading Aloud
  • Recitation of Rhymes, Poems and Making Observations on a Given Topic or Theme
  • Telling and Retelling Stories, Anecdotes, and Jokes
  • Discussion and Debate
  • Simple Projects
  • Interpreting Pictures, Sketches and Cartoons
  • Activities, Tasks, and Language Games
  • Pair Work, Group Work and Short Assignments; both Individual and Group
  • Exploring the Electronic Media


  1. 01.
    Nutrition in Plants
  2. 02.
    Nutrition in Animals
  3. 03.
    Fibre to Fabric
  4. 04.
  5. 05.
    Physical and Chemical Changes
  6. 06.
    Motion and Time
  7. 07.
    Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate
  8. 08.
    Water: A Precious Resource
  9. 09.
    Winds, Storms and Cyclones
  10. 10.
    Acids, Bases and Salts
  11. 11.
    Respiration in Organisms
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Forests: Our Lifeline
  15. 15.
    Electric Current and its Effects
  16. 16.
    Transportation in Plants and Animals
  17. 17.
    Wastewater Story
  18. 18.
    Reproduction in Plants
  19. 19.
    Separation of Substances
  20. 20.
    Electricity And Circuits


You can find the syllabus for Hindi over here.

Exam Pattern and Grading System

Evaluation of Subjects in Class 7

Formative Assessment 1 10% April – May FA 1 + FA 2 = 20%
Formative Assessment 2 10% July – August
Summative Assessment 1 30% September SA 1 = 30%
Formative Assessment 3 10% October – November FA 3 + FA 4 = 20%
Formative Assessment 4 10% January – February
Summative Assessment 2 30% March SA 2 = 30%
Total Formative Assessments = FA 1 + FA 2 + FA 3 + FA 4 = 40%
Summative Assessments = SA 1 + SA 2 = 60%

Grading Scale

Assessment of scholastic attainments will be reported twice a year. The nine-point grading scale is given below:

Grade Marks
A1 91 – 100
A2 81 – 90
B1 71 – 80
B2 61 – 70
C1 51 – 60
C2 41 – 50
D 33 – 40
E 32 and below

Previous Years’ Papers

Practising previous years' papers is important as it helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice a lot so that you’re able to memorise formulae and solve problems easily on the day of the exam. You can find previous years’ papers for Class 7 for your assistance; including practice papers that will help you recharge your knowledge.


Hard work and focus are the keys to cracking school exams and competitive exams. However, all subjects require some special and specific tips, which you can refer below:

  • English: Focus on grammar and writing as these are sections where students tend to lose maximum marks. Practice writing sections and exam papers along with grammar questions like editing and omission of paragraphs. These require intensive practice and demand students to be thorough.
  • Mathematics: Stick to concept building first. Be thorough with NCERT textbooks before moving to R.S. Aggarwal books for your Olympiad study. NCERT contains many conceptual questions and will help you build a strong base.
  • Science: These are your formative years and that is why you should pay attention to chapters in Physics and Chemistry. Since Biology is mostly theoretical at this stage, it doesn’t require a lot of practice. Physics and Chemistry, however, demand intensive study and you should make sure you understand all concepts well while also solving numericals if any.
  • Social Science: Contrary to common belief, don't mug up Social Sciences. The concept matter will be a lot clearer to you once you understand how the government works or what happened during the Indian independence period. Understanding the subject will give you less to swallow, helping you retain and recall more during the exam. Plus, you will be able to relate it to current events and pinpoint historical trends.
  • Hindi: This subject is very scoring but demands heavy practice. Collect several sample papers and practise them till you’re through.

Study Material

You can refer the following books to study for your Class 7 school and competitive exams. Make sure you accompany the text you read with sufficient problems to solve:


1 NCERT An Alien Hand – Supplementary Reader
2 NCERT Honeycomb Textbook for Class 7
3 Oxford University Press New Oxford Modern English


1 NCERT Mathematics Textbook for Class 7
2 R.S. Aggarwal Mathematics for Class 7
3 Sultan Chand Systematic Mathematics
4 R.D. Sharma Mathematics Class VII
5 M.T.G. Foundation Course Mathematics


1 NCERT Science Textbook for Class 7
2 Bharti Bhawan Basic Science for Class 7

Hindi and Sanskrit

1 Saraswati Vyakaran Nidhi
2 NCERT Vasant II
3 Saraswati Sanskrit Vyakaran

Social Science

1 NCERT Social Science Textbooks for Class 7
2 Bharti Bhawan Basic Science for Class 7
3 Rachna Sagar Evolution Social Science for Class 7

Doubt Clarification

Asking doubts and clearing them are both important while preparing for your exams. Toppr brings you a community that has survived the test of time and wants to help every student and ensure their success. We have built an extremely user-friendly interface for our ‘Doubts on Chat’ where any student with a doubt at any time will have a guide to clear their queries!

Competitive Exams

  1. NSTSE: The National Level Science Talent Search Examination is a diagnostic test which helps students improve their overall learning ability and educational performance. Unlike other tests which may only discover how much a student knows or has memorised, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood concepts and provides detailed feedback to help him or her improve.
  2. Olympiads: There are several Olympiads organised by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students.
  3. NIMO: The EduHeal Foundation conducts the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO) which promises to make Math more fun. It aims to do this by introducing interactive activities like interactive Olympiads, workshops and seminars.
  4. NBTO: The National Biotechnology Olympiad is creating awareness about Biotechnology and bringing in an element of challenge and competition in students. It is also inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about Biotechnology issues and test their aptitude for future careers in Biotechnology.
  5. GeoGenius: Established by leading academicians, GeoGenius aims to popularize the understanding of Geography among school children and increase public awareness on the topic. It also endeavours to educate children about the earth and inculcate a deep love and respect for the environment, which plays a major role in their progress.
  6. ASSET: Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing rote learning, through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students learn skills and concepts in their syllabus. The test also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of both individual students and entire classes.

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