1,000,000+ students use Toppr to rank higher in Class 8

All the facts, syllabus and information you need, about excelling in Class 8

What is the term-wise syllabus of class 8?


  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. How, When And Where
  2. 02. From Trade To Territory
    • The Company Establishes Power
  3. 03. Ruling The Countryside
  4. 04. Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
  5. 05. When People Rebel
    • 1857 And After
  6. 06. Colonialism And The City
    • The Story of an Imperial Capital
  1. 01. Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners
  2. 02. Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation
  3. 03. Women, Caste and Reform
  4. 04. The Changing World of Visual Arts
  5. 05. The Making of the National Movement: 1870s -1947
  6. 06. India After Independence


  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. Resources
  2. 02. Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources
  3. 03. Mineral and Power Resources
  4. 04. Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
  5. 05. Agriculture
  1. 01. Industries
  2. 02. Human Resources

Political Science

  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. UNIT 1: The Constitution and Secularism
    • Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution
    • Chapter 2: Understanding Secularism
  2. 02. UNIT 2: Parliament and The Making of Laws
    • Chapter 3: Why do we need a parliament
    • Chapter 4: Understanding Laws
  1. 01. UNIT 3: The Judiciary
    • Chapter 5: Judiciary
    • Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System
  2. 02. UNIT 4: Social Justice and The Marginalised
    • Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalised
    • Chapter 8: Confronting Marginalisation
  3. 03. UNIT 5: Economic Presence of the Government
    • Chapter 9: Public Facilities
    • Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice


  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. Rational Numbers
  2. 02. Exponents and Powers
  3. 03. Squares and Square roots
  4. 04. Cubes and Cube roots
  5. 05. Linear Equation in one variable
  6. 06. Understandings Quadrilaterals
  7. 07. Mensuration
  1. 01. Algebraic Expressions and Identities
  2. 02. Factorization
  3. 03. Ratio, proportion and percentage
  4. 04. Direct and Inverse Proportion
  5. 05. Visualizing Solid Shapes
  6. 06. Data Handling
  7. 07. Introduction to Graphs
  8. 08. Playing with Numbers


  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. Chapter 1: Crop Production and Management
  2. 02. Chapter 2: Microorganism
    • Friend and Foe
  3. 03. Chapter 3: Synthetic Fibres and Plastics
  4. 04. Chapter 4: Materials
    • Metals and Non-Metals
  5. 05. Chapter 5: Coal and Petroleum
  6. 06. Chapter 6: Combustion and Flame
  7. 07. Chapter 7: Conservation of Plant and Animals
  8. 08. Chapter 8: Cell
    • Structure and Function
  9. 09. Chapter 9: Reproduction in Animals
  10. 10. Chapter 10: Reaching the Age of Adolescence
  1. 01. Chapter 11: Force and Pressure
  2. 02. Chapter 12: Friction
  3. 03. Chapter 13: Sound
  4. 04. Chapter 14: Chemical Effects and Electric Current
  5. 05. Chapter 15: Some Natural Phenomena
  6. 06. Chapter 16: Light
  7. 07. Chapter 17: Stars and the Solar System
  8. 08. Chapter 18: Pollution of Air and Water

How should I prepare?

  • Begin with procuring the precise syllabus, study material, and exam details. This forms the basis of your studies over the period of your academic exam preparation.
  • English: Focus on grammar and writing sections as these are the sections where students tend to lose maximum marks. Practice writing sections and practice papers along with grammar questions such as editing and omission paragraphs. These require intensive practice and demand students to be thorough.
  • Mathematics: Stick to concept building first. Be thorough with NCERT and only then should you move to RS Aggarwal books for Olympiad study. NCERT contains very conceptual questions and will help you build a strong base.
  • Science: These are formative years and hence you should pay attention to chapters relating to physics and chemistry. Since biology is mostly theoretical at this stage, these don't require much practice. However, physics and chemistry demand intensive study and you should make sure you understand all concepts well and solve numericals if any.
  • Social Science: Contrary to common belief, don't mug up social sciences. The concept matter will be so much clearer to you once you try to understand how the government works, or what happened during the independence period in India. Understanding the subject will give you less to swallow and you will retain more during the exams.
  • Hindi/Sanskrit: Both of these subjects are very scoring but demand heavy practice. Collect several practice papers and make sure you practice a lot of sample papers for the same.

From where should I study?

Authors /Publisher Name of Books
NCERT It so happened - supplementary reader
NCERT Honeydew Textbook for class 8
Oxford University Press New Oxford Modern English
NCERT Mathematics textbook for class 8
R S Aggarwal Mathematics for class 8
Sultan Chand Systematic Mathematics
R D Sharma Mathematics Class VIII
MTG Foundation Course Mathematics
NCERT Science Textbook for class 8
Bharti Bhawan Basic Science for Class 8
Saraswati Lab Manual for Class 8
Saraswati Vyakran Nidhi
Saraswati Sanskrit Vyakran
Social science
NCERT Science Textbook for class 8
Bharti Bhawan Basic Science for Class 8
Saraswati Lab Manual for Class 8
Together with Social science with solutions

Where can I find class 8 model papers?

Model papers are important to practice because they help you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice more and more so that you can learn all the formulas by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam. You can find them all here by NCERT for your assistance.

  1. CBSE Sample papers For Class 8

Where should I ask my doubts?

Asking doubts and clearing them is important while preparing for exams. Toppr brings you a community who has survived the test of time and wants to help out students like you. It is made sure that the doubts of the students are met with concise and acurate responses.

Which competitive and scholarship exams can I take this year?

The following is the list of competitive exams you can take part in and test your skills:

  1. National Level Science Talent Search Examination (NLSTSE): NSTSE is a diagnostic test which helps students improve their overall learning ability and educational performance. Unlike other tests which may only find out how much a student knows or has memorised, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood the concepts and provides a detailed feedback on the same, to help him/her improve. Thus NSTSE helps each student to know early, whether he/she has properly understood a concept, so that immediate action can be taken to correct the aberration and pave a path for improvement. Often, students develop conceptual gaps which increase as the students go to higher classes and turn those into a ‘phobia’ for the subject.
  2. National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO): EduHeal Foundation is conducting the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO). NIMO promises to make math more fun by introducing interactive activities like interactive olympiad, workshops and seminars.
  3. National Biotechnology Olympiad (NBTO): This olympiad is as much about creating awareness about Biotechnology by bringing in an element of challenge and competition as about inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about Biotechnology issues and to test their aptitude for taking up career in Biotechnology in future.
  4. GeoGenius: Geo-Genius is established by leading academicians with an aim of popularizing the understanding of Geography among the school children. Its mission is to spark student interest in Geography and increase public awareness about it, to educate the children about Earth and to inculcate a deep love and respect for the environment which plays a major role in their progress.
  5. Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing (ASSET): It is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing rote learning, through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well skills and concepts underlying the school syllabus have been learnt by the student. The test provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of individual students and also entire classes.
  6. NSTSE: Unlike other tests which may only find out how much a student knows or has memorized, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood the concepts and provides a detailed feedback on the same, to help him/her improve.
  7. Olympiads:
    1. Silverzone Olympiads: It is a competitive exam at school level conducted for classes I to XII in various subjects including Mathematics, English, French, General Knowledge, Informatics etc.
    2. Science olympiad foundation:There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students.
    3. IJSO: IJSO is a competitive examination open to students of all countries in the world, primarily studying in secondary schools. All basic subjects of Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics) are given roughly equal representation in the IJSO examination.
    4. The Junior Science Olympiad program follows the following 5 stages:
      1. Stage I: National Standard Examination in Junior Science (NSEJS)
      2. Stage II: Indian National Junior Science Olympiad (INJSO)
      3. Stage III: Orientation cum Selection Camp (OCSC) in Junior Science
      4. Stage IV: Pre-departure Training Camp (PDT) for IJSO
      5. Stage V: Participation in International Junior Science Olympiad (IJSO)

Why Toppr?

Stay ahead of the competition.

Toppr keeps you sharp and focussed on all subjects with its extensive study material.


Because practice makes perfect!

Easily practice from 3 Lakh+ questions curated by India’s best subject experts.


Get your doubts resolved from the best, instantly!

With Toppr, you can solve all your doubts just like on WhatsApp!


Know where you stand amongst your peers.

Toppr helps you find rankers across the country and learn how they are approaching preparation.

More Features

The previous 5 years' question papers improved my aptitude in Maths and Science.

Saurabh Chaughule

9th, SSC Board

When studying, I have a lot of doubts. Even at 3:30 am, there's a tutor around to resolve my doubts.

Shivani Mayekar

12th, JEE

Use Toppr to crack the hardest, toughest exams in India. It's got everything a student needs.

Lomai Narendra Thule

11th, NEET

Toppr lets me practice, track my progress and revise. It's like having a private tutor.

Ebrahim Bharmal

12th, JEE, CET

You get the same experience as an elite coaching class at one-tenth the cost. What's not to love?

Ghanshyam Tank

12th, JEE

Download the App

Get Toppr app on

Get SMS link to download app


Sign up for Free

Practice from 300,000 questions, ask doubts and get instant feedback on your progress.

Start preparing now!
Start now and practice from 3 Lakh+ questions, ask doubts and get
instant feedback on your progress