1,000,000+ students use Toppr to rank higher in Class 9

All the facts, syllabus and information you need, about excelling in Class 9

What is the term-wise syllabus of class 9?


  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. Number System [17 marks]
  2. 02. Algebra [25 marks]
  3. 03. Geometry [37 marks]
  4. 04. Coordinate Geometry [6 marks]
  5. 05. Mensuration [5 marks]
  1. 01. Algebra (Contd.) [16 marks]
  2. 02. Geometry (Contd.) [38 marks]
  3. 03. Mensuration (Contd.) [18 marks]
  4. 04. Statistics [10 marks]
  5. 05. Probability [8 marks]


  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. Matter- Its Nature and Behaviour [29 marks]
  2. 02. Organisation in the Living World [18 marks]
  3. 03. Motion, Force and Work [30 marks]
  4. 04. Food; Food Production [13 marks]
  1. 01. Matter- Its Nature and Behaviour [18 marks]
  2. 02. Organisation in the Living World [26 marks]
  3. 03. Motion, Force and Work [36 marks]
  4. 04. Our Environment [10 marks]

Social science

  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. India and the Contemporary Word -I [23 marks]
  2. 02. Contemporary India I [23 marks]
  3. 03. Democratic Politics I [22 marks]
  4. 04. Economics [22 marks]
  5. 05. Disaster Management(Through Project & Assignments)
  1. 01. India and the Contemporary Word -I [23 marks]
  2. 02. Contemporary India I [13 + 10 (OTBA) marks]
  3. 03. Democratic Politics I [22 marks]
  4. 04. Economics [22 marks]
  5. 05. Disaster Management(Through Project & Assignments) [- marks]

Practicals (List of experiments)

  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01.
    To test (a) the presence of starch in the given food sample, (b) the presence of the 129 adulterant metanil yellow in dal.
  2. 02.
    To prepare:
    • a true solution of common salt, sugar and alum
    • a suspension of soil, chalk powder and fine sand in water
  3. 03.
    To prepare
    • a mixture
    • a compound using iron filings and sulphur powder and distinguish between these on the basis of:
      • appearance, i.e., homogeneity and heterogeneity
      • behaviour towards a magnet
      • behaviour towards carbon disulphide as a solvent
      • effect of heat
  4. 04.
    To carry out the following reactions and classify them as physical or chemical changes :
    • Iron with copper sulphate solution in water
    • Burning of magnesium ribbon in air
    • Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid
    • Heating of copper sulphate crystals e) Sodium sulphate with barium chloride in the form of their solutions in water
  5. 05.
    To prepare stained temporary mounts of (a) onion peel, (b) human cheek cells & to record observations and draw their labeled diagrams.
  6. 06.
    To identify Parenchyma and Sclerenchyma tissues in plants, striped muscle fibers and nerve cells in animals, from prepared slides. Draw their labeled diagrams.
  7. 07.
    To separate the components of a mixture of sand, common salt and ammonium chloride (or camphor) by sublimation.
  8. 08.
    To determine the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water.
  9. 09.
    To establish relationship between weight of a rectangular wooden block lying on a horizontal table and the minimum force required to just move it using a spring balance.
  10. 10.
    To determine the mass percentage of water imbibed by raisins.
  1. 01.
    To verify the Laws of reflection of sound.
  2. 02.
    To determine the density of solid (denser than water) by using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder.
  3. 03.
    To establish the relation between the loss in weight of a solid when fully immersed in a) tap water b) strongly salty water, with the weight of water displaced by it by taking at least two different solids.
  4. 04.
    To observe and compare the pressure exerted by a solid iron cuboid on fine sand/ wheat flour while resting on its three different faces and to calculate the pressure exerted in the three different cases.
  5. 05.
    To determine the velocity of a pulse propagated through a stretched string/slinky.
  6. 06.
    To study the characteristic of Spirogyra/Agaricus, Moss/Fern, Pinus (either with male or female cone) and an Angiospermic plant. Draw and give two identifying features of the groups they belong to.
  7. 07.
    To observe the given pictures/charts/models of earthworm, cockroach, bony fish and bird. For each organism, draw their picture and record: a) one specific feature of its phylum. b) one adaptive feature with reference to its habitat.
  8. 08.
    To verify the law of conservation of mass in a chemical reaction.
  9. 09.
    To study the external features of root, stem, leaf and flower of monocot and dicot plants.
  10. 10.
    To study the life cycle of mosquito.


  • Term - I
  • Term - II
  1. 01. Prose
    • How I Taught My Grandmother to Read
    • A Dog Named Duke
  2. 02. Poetry
    • The Brook
    • The Road Not Taken
    • The Solitary Reaper
    • Lord Ullin’s Daughter
  3. 03. Drama
    • Villa for Sale
  1. 01. Prose
    • The Man Who Knew Too Much
    • Keeping it from Harold
    • Best Seller
  2. 02. Poetry
    • The Seven Ages
    • Oh, I Wish I’d Looked After My Teeth
    • Song of the Rain
  3. 03. Drama
    • The Bishop’s Candlesticks

Marking scheme and exam pattern of English

Sections Marks
A Reading Skills 20
B Writing skills with Grammar 25
C Literature Textbook and Long Reading Test 25
D Assessment of Speaking and Listening(ASL) 20
Total 90

Note - The learning areas will include: (1) and (2) Two Languages out of : Hindi, English, Assamese, Bangla, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Marathi, Malayalam, Manipuri, Oriya, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Lepcha, Limboo, Bhutiya, Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, French, German, Russian, Spanish, Nepali, Tibetan, Mizo, Tangkhul Bodo, Bahasa Malaysia, Gurung, Japanese, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang and Thai. (3) Mathematics (4) Science (5) Social Sciences (6) Work Education or Pre-Vocational Education (7) Art Education (8) Health and Physical Education.

Addtitional Subjects: Students may offer any one of the following as an additional subject: Language other than the two compulsory languages (offered as subjects of study) OR Commerce, Painting, Music, Home Science, Foundation of Information Technology/ Information and Communication Technology

What is the grading system for class 9?

Grading System

Assessment of Scholastic Attainments Part 1 will be reported twice in a year. The nine- point grading scale for measuring Scholastic achievements is given below:

Marks Range Grade Grade Point
91-100 A1 10
81-90 A2 9
71-80 B1 8
61-70 B2 7
51-60 C1 6
41-50 C2 5
33-40 D 4
21-32 E1 3
00-20 E2 2

Minimum qualifying grade in all the subjects under Scholastic Domain is D. All assessment with regard to the academic status of the students shall be done in marks and the assessment will be given in grades.

Assessment of Co–Scholastic Areas 2(A, B, C & D) and 3(A, B) will be done on 5-point Scale (shown in the table below); reported once in class IX and once in class X.

Grade Grade Points
A 4.1 - 5
B 3.1 - 4
C 2.1 - 3
D 2
E 0 - 1

Minimum qualifying grade in Co-Scholastic Domain is D.

How should I prepare?

    Focus and hard work is the key to cracking exams. However, all subjects require some special and specific tips.

  • Mathematics: Practice each type of problem from the NCERT book. Do the same from the reference book that you are using. Learn the formulas, theorems, and proofs of theorems thoroughly.
  • Science: Chemistry is all basic type. Just read the chapters from the book. Learn new definitions, definitions, etc. Solve some numerical from the end of each chapter.
    Physics requires more practice in terms of numerical problems. Learn the definitions of units of measurements. Remember the causes behind the phenomena in physics from the textbook.
    Biology is all to be mugged up. So, start mugging from the textbook or the reference book.
  • Social Science: History and civics require mugging. So, don’t hesitate in doing so. Economics is conceptual, so, start understanding the concepts from the textbook. Geography is both type i.e. conceptual as well as theoretical. Go by the mugging up the definitions and understand the concepts. Practice maps thoroughly.
  • English: Get into habit of keeping a pocket dictionary with you all the time, in case you come across new words. Practice writing section and grammar section thoroughly using the reference books. Deeply understand the chapters from the books. Practice writing essays and letters.
  • Sanskrit: Just like English, it requires practice in writing and grammar section. Go through the reference books to practice these two sections.
  • Hindi: Do just as mentioned for English and Sanskrit. No new tips. Practice writing long essays and letters.

From where should I study?

  • English
  • Math
  • Hindi
  • S.Sc
  • Science
  1. 01. Together with
  2. 02. Comprehensive
  1. 01. NCERT
  2. 02. R D Sharma
  3. 03. Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, class IX - CBSE Publication
  4. 04. A Handbook for Designing Mathematics Laboratory in Schools - NCERT Publication
  5. 05. Mathematics exemplar problems for class IX, NCERT publication.
  1. 01. NCERT
  2. 02. S Chand
  3. 03. Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur
  4. 04. Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - Class IX - CBSE Publication
  5. 05. Laboratory Manual - Science - Class IX , NCERT Publication
  6. 06. Exemplar Problems - NCERT Publication
  1. 01. Together with
  1. 01. NCERT
  2. 02. Together, Towards a Safer India - Part II, a textbook on Disaster Management for Class IX - Published by CBSE<

Where can I find class 9 model papers?

Model papers are important to practice because they help you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice more and more so that you can learn all the formulas by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam. You can find them all here by NCERT for your assistance.

  1. CBSE Sample papers For Class 9

Where should I ask my doubts?

Asking doubts and clearing them is important while preparing for exams. Toppr brings you a community who has survived the test of time and wants to help out students like you. Discuss with a community of students and experts.

Which competitive and scholarship exams can I take this year?

The following is the list of competitive exams you can take part in and test your skills:

  1. National Level Science Talent Search Examination (NLSTSE): NSTSE is a diagnostic test which helps students improve their overall learning ability and educational performance. Unlike other tests which may only find out how much a student knows or has memorised, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood the concepts and provides a detailed feedback on the same, to help him/her improve. Thus NSTSE helps each student to know early, whether he/she has properly understood a concept, so that immediate action can be taken to correct the aberration and pave a path for improvement. Often, students develop conceptual gaps which increase as the students go to higher classes and turn those into a ‘phobia’ for the subject.
  2. National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO): EduHeal Foundation is conducting the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO). NIMO promises to make math more fun by introducing interactive activities like interactive olympiad, workshops and seminars.
  3. National Biotechnology Olympiad (NBTO): This olympiad is as much about creating awareness about Biotechnology by bringing in an element of challenge and competition as about inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about Biotechnology issues and to test their aptitude for taking up career in Biotechnology in future.
  4. GeoGenius: Geo-Genius is established by leading academicians with an aim of popularizing the understanding of Geography among the school children. Its mission is to spark student interest in Geography and increase public awareness about it, to educate the children about Earth and to inculcate a deep love and respect for the environment which plays a major role in their progress.
  5. Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing (ASSET): It is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing rote learning, through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well skills and concepts underlying the school syllabus have been learnt by the student. The test provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of individual students and also entire classes.
  6. NSTSE: Unlike other tests which may only find out how much a student knows or has memorized, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood the concepts and provides a detailed feedback on the same, to help him/her improve.
  7. Olympiads:
    1. Silverzone Olympiads: It is a competitive exam at school level conducted for classes I to XII in various subjects including Mathematics, English, French, General Knowledge, Informatics etc.
    2. Science olympiad foundation:There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students.
    3. IJSO: IJSO is a competitive examination open to students of all countries in the world, primarily studying in secondary schools. All basic subjects of Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics) are given roughly equal representation in the IJSO examination.
    4. The Junior Science Olympiad program follows the following 5 stages:
      1. Stage I: National Standard Examination in Junior Science (NSEJS)
      2. Stage II: Indian National Junior Science Olympiad (INJSO)
      3. Stage III: Orientation cum Selection Camp (OCSC) in Junior Science
      4. Stage IV: Pre-departure Training Camp (PDT) for IJSO
      5. Stage V: Participation in International Junior Science Olympiad (IJSO)

Why Toppr?

Stay ahead of the competition.

Toppr keeps you sharp and focussed on all subjects with its extensive study material.


Because practice makes perfect!

Easily practice from 3 Lakh+ questions curated by India’s best subject experts.


Get your doubts resolved from the best, instantly!

With Toppr, you can solve all your doubts just like on WhatsApp!


Know where you stand amongst your peers.

Toppr helps you find rankers across the country and learn how they are approaching preparation.

More Features

The previous 5 years' question papers improved my aptitude in Maths and Science.

Saurabh Chaughule

9th, SSC Board

When studying, I have a lot of doubts. Even at 3:30 am, there's a tutor around to resolve my doubts.

Shivani Mayekar

12th, JEE

Use Toppr to crack the hardest, toughest exams in India. It's got everything a student needs.

Lomai Narendra Thule

11th, NEET

Toppr lets me practice, track my progress and revise. It's like having a private tutor.

Ebrahim Bharmal

12th, JEE, CET

You get the same experience as an elite coaching class at one-tenth the cost. What's not to love?

Ghanshyam Tank

12th, JEE

Download the App

Get Toppr app on

Get SMS link to download app


Sign up for Free

Practice from 300,000 questions, ask doubts and get instant feedback on your progress.

Start preparing now!
Start now and practice from 3 Lakh+ questions, ask doubts and get
instant feedback on your progress