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Class - 9 Syllabus

An all-India level exam for admission into IITs, NITs and some of India’s best engineering colleges.
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General Knowledge
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Subjects
  • General Knowledge
  • Physics Physics
  • Chemistry Chemistry
  • maths Maths
  • biology Biology
  • history History
  • civics Civics
  • geography Geography
  • english English
  • econimics Economics

General Knowledge Syllabus

  1. Ancient Indian History

    • Introduction to Ancient History and Pre - Historic Period

    • The Harappan Culture and Different Civilization

    • Vedic culture and Religious Movements

    • The Mauryan and Post Post - Mauryan Period (200 BC - AD 300)

    • The Gupta Period, North, Deccan and South India

  2. Medieval Indian History

    • Early Medieval Period and Sultanate of Delhi

    • The Mughal, Marathas and Advent of European Commerce

  3. Modern Indian History

    • British Expansion and Consolidation

    • Indian Freedom Movement

    • Current Trends of Indian History

  4. World History

    • Ancient World History

    • Medieval World History

    • Modern World History

    • Current Trends of World History

  5. General Physical Geography

    • Introduction to Geography

    • Physical Features of Geography

    • Landforms of the Earth and Internal Forces

    • Landforms on Earth and External Processes

  6. Introduction to Indian Geography

    • Introduction to Indian Geography

    • Indian Physical Geography

  7. Resources of India and World

    • Soils of India and World

    • Natural Vegetation and Wildlife of India and World

    • Agriculture of India and World

    • Animal Husbandry and Fishery

    • Industries of India and World

    • Transport and Communication of India and World

  8. Static Geography of India and World

    • Static Physical Geography of India and World

    • Static Human Geography of India and World

  9. Introduction to Indian Polity and Governance

    • Historical Perspective of Indian Polity and Governance

    • Union Territory, Reorganisation of the States and Citizenship

  10. Indian Constitution and Fundamental Concepts

    • Fundamental Rights and Duties

    • The Union Executive and Legislature

  11. The State, Local Government and Union Territories

    • The State, Local Government and Union Territories

  12. The Judiciary System of India

    • The Judiciary System of India

  13. Election, Political Parties and National Terms

    • Election, Political Parties and National Terms

  14. Indian Economy

    • Indian Economics and Development

    • Economic Systems and Sectors of India

  15. Basic Science

    • Basic Physics

    • Basic Chemistry

    • Basic Biology (Life Sciences)

    • Environmental Ecology

  16. Overview of India

    • India: States and Union Territories

    • India: Security Setup

    • India: An Overview

  17. India: Science and Technology

    • India: Science and Technology

  18. Culture and Places of India and World

    • Cultural Panorama and Famous Places of India and World

  19. World Organisations and Diversities

    • World Organisations

    • World: Survey of Countries

  20. Superlatives and First In India and World

    • First in World and India

    • Superlatives (Biggest, Highest, Largest, Smallest) : India and World

  21. Awards and Prizes of India and World

    • Awards and Prizes of India and World

  22. Sports and Games of India and World

    • Sports and Games of India and World

  23. Famous Personalities of India and World

    • Famous Personalities of India and World

Physics Syllabus

  1. Measurements and Experimentation

    • Units and its Applications

    • Measurements and Errors in Measurements

  2. Motion in One Dimension

    • Rest and Motion

    • Distance and Displacement

    • Speed, Velocity and Acceleration

    • Graphical Representation of Motion

    • Uniformly Accelerated Motion

  3. Laws of Motion

    • Introduction to Forces

    • Newton's Laws of Motion

    • Newton's Law of Gravitation

  4. Pressure in Fluids and Atmospheric Pressure

    • Thrust and Pressure

    • Pascal's Law and its Applications

    • Atmospheric Pressure and Pressure Measurement

  5. Upthrust in Fluids, Archimedes' Principle and Flotation

    • Buoyancy and Archimedes' Principle

    • Density and Relative Density

  6. Heat and Energy

    • Heat and Thermal Expansion

    • Sources of Energy

  7. Reflection of Light

    • Reflection at Plane Surface

    • Spherical Mirrors

  8. Propagation of Sound Waves

    • Production and Propagation of Sound

    • Some Terms Related to Wave Motion

    • Speed of Sound in Different Media

    • Ultrasound and its Applications

  9. Current Electricity

    • Introduction to Current Electricity

    • Electric Potential and Electric Resistance

  10. Magnetism

    • Properties of a Magnet and Induced Magnetism

    • Magnetic Field and Earth Magnetism

Chemistry Syllabus

  1. Matter and Its Composition - Law of Conservation of Mass

    • Introduction to Chemistry

    • Introduction to Matter

    • Main Postulates of Kinetic Theory of Matter

    • Explanation of Change of State of Matter on the Basis of Kinetic Theory of Matter

    • Law of Conservation of Mass

  2. Elements, Compounds and Mixtures

    • Introduction

    • Elements

    • Compounds

    • Mixtures

    • Differences Between Compounds and Mixtures

    • Mixtures - True Solutions, Colloidal Solutions, Suspensions

    • Types of Mixtures and Methods of Separation

    • Separation of Mixture of Two Solids

    • Separation of Mixture of a Solid and a Liquid

    • Separation of a Mixture of Two Liquids

    • Separation of Mixtures of Liquid and Gas & Two Gases

    • Simple Paper Chromatography and Centrifugation

  3. Study of Gas Laws

    • Introduction

    • Gas Laws

    • Boyle's Law

    • Charles's Law

    • Gas Equation - Kinetic Theory and Behaviour of Gases - S.T.P

  4. Atomic Structure

    • The Concept of the Atom Originated from the Ancient Greek Philosophers

    • Postulates of Dalton's and Modern Atomic Theory

    • Discovery of Electrons

    • Discovery of Protons

    • Discovery of the Atomic Nucleus

    • Discovery of the Neutrons

    • Definition of an Atom

    • Atomic Number

    • Mass Number

    • Electrons

    • Isotopes

    • Reason for Chemical Activity of an Atom - Octet Rule

    • Examples of Atoms Attaining Chemical Activity

  5. Physical and Chemical Changes

    • Introduction

    • Physical and Chemical Changes - Definition & Comparison

    • Physical and Chemical Changes - Examples

    • Conditions for Chemical Changes

    • Types of Chemical Changes

    • Direct Combination Reactions

    • Decomposition Reactions

    • Displacement Reactions

    • Double Decomposition Reactions, Catalytic Reactions, Reversible Reactions, Thermal Dissociation Reactions

    • Oxidation Reactions

    • Reduction Reactions

    • Energy Changes in a Chemical Change

    • Definition

    • Examples

    • Conditions for Burning

    • Burning Examples

    • Comparison

  6. The Language of Chemistry

    • Symbols

    • Valency, Radicals and Chemical Formula

    • Valency Chart

    • Important Formulas

    • Chemical Equations

    • Balancing of Chemical Equations

  7. The Periodic Table

    • Introduction

    • Mendeleev's Contributions to the Periodic Table

    • Modern Periodic Law - Modern Periodic Table

    • Periods in the Modern Periodic Table

    • Groups in the Modern Periodic Table

  8. Study of First Element - Hydrogen

    • Position of Hydrogen in the Periodic Table

    • General Group Characteristics - First Element Hydrogen

    • Discovery and Occurrence of Hydrogen

    • Preparation of Hydrogen - General Methods

    • Preparation of Hydrogen

    • Tests and Uses of Hydrogen

  9. Water

    • Introduction and Water as a Compound

    • Physical Properties of Water

    • Chemical Properties of Water

    • Tests for Water and Uses of Water

    • Solutions - as Mixtures of Solids in Water

    • Solutions - Saturated Solutions

    • Solubility and Qualitative Effect of Temperature on Solubility

    • Saturated Solutions

    • Water Pollution

  10. Atmospheric Pollution

    • The Term - Atmospheric Pollution

    • Pollutants

    • Acid Rain

    • Greenhouse Effect and Gases

    • Ozone Depletion

  11. Practical Chemistry

    • Identification of Gases

    • Neutral, Acidic and Basic Gases

    • Action of Heat on the Given [unknown] Substance

    • Addition of Dil. Sulphuric Acid to the Given [unknown] Substance

    • Application of Flame Test to Identify the Metal in the Substance

    • Determination of % Composition of Mixture

    • Experiments Based on Hard & Soft Water

Maths Syllabus

  1. Rational Numbers and Irrational Numbers

    • Rational numbers

    • Decimal Representation of Rational Numbers

    • Irrational Numbers

    • Real Numbers

    • Surds(Radical)

  2. Profit, Loss and Discount

    • Profit and Loss

    • Discount

  3. Compound Interest

    • Simple Interest

    • Compound Interest

  4. Expansions

    • Expansions

  5. Factorisation

    • Methods of Factorisation

  6. Changing the Subject of a Formula

    • Formula

  7. Linear Equations in One Variable

    • Linear Equations in One Variable

    • Application of Linear Equations in One Variable

  8. Simultaneous (Linear) Equations

    • Simultaneous (Linear) Equations

  9. Graphical Solution

    • Graphs of Linear Equations in Two Variables

  10. Indices

    • Laws of Indices

    • Handling Positive, Fractional, Negative and Zero Indices

    • More Examples

  11. Logarithms

    • Introduction to Logarithm

    • Laws of Logarithm

  12. Triangles

    • Triangles

    • Types of Triangles

    • Some Important Terms

  13. Congruency of Triangles

    • Congruent Triangles

    • Conditions for Congruency of Triangles

  14. Isosceles Triangle

    • Theorem on Isoscesles Triangles

  15. Inequalities

    • Inequalities

  16. Construction

    • Construction of Triangles

    • More Constructions

  17. Midpoint and Equal Intercept Theorem

    • Mid Point Theorem

    • Equal Intercept Theorem

  18. Similarity of Triangles

    • Similar Triangles

    • Three Similarity Postulates

    • Basic Proportionality Theorem With Applications

    • Similarity as a Size Transformation

  19. Pythagoras Theorem

    • Pythagoras Theorem

  20. Rectilinear Figures

    • Polygon

    • Regular Polygon

  21. Quadrilateral

    • Special Kinds of Quadrilaterals

    • Construction of Quadrilaterals

  22. Area

    • Figures Between the Same Parallels

  23. Statistics

    • Introduction to Statistics

    • Frequency Distribution

    • Class Limits and Class Intervals

    • Cumulative Frequency and Cumulative Frequency Table

    • Bar Chart

    • Graphical Representation of Continuous Frequency Distribution

  24. Mean and Median

    • Mean of Ungrouped Data

    • Median

  25. Perimeter and Area of Plane Figures

    • Perimeter and Area of Plane Figures

    • Area and Perimeter of Triangles

    • Some Special Types of Triangles

    • Area and Perimeter of Quadrilaterals

    • Circumference and Area of a Circle

  26. Solids

    • Cuboid

    • Cube

    • Cylinder

    • Hollow Cylinder

  27. Trigonometrical Ratios

    • Concept of Perpendicular, Base and Hypotenuse in a Right triangle

    • Trigonometrical Ratios

  28. Trigonometrical Ratios of Standard Angles

    • Trigonometrical Ratios of Angles 30, 45 and 60

    • Solving Trigonometric Equation

  29. Solution of Right Triangles

    • Solution of Right Triangles

  30. Co-ordinate Geometry

    • Cartesian Plane, Quadrants and Sign Convention

    • Inclination and Slope

    • Various Forms of Equation of Line

Biology Syllabus

  1. Introducing Biology

    • Growth and Application of Biology

  2. Living, Non Living and the Dead

    • Properties of Living Organism

  3. Cell: The Unit of Life

    • Introduction to Cell

    • Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cell

  4. Tissues: Plant and Animal Tissues

    • Meristematic Tissue

    • Permanent Tissue

    • Animal Tissue

  5. Vegetative Propagation and Micropropagation

    • Vegetative Propagation

    • Hybridization and Cross Pollination

    • Application and Techniques of Biotechnology

  6. The Flower

    • Morphology of Flower

  7. Pollination and Fertilization

    • Pollination

    • Events of Fertilization

  8. Seed - Structure and Germination

    • Types of Seed

    • Seed Germination

  9. Respiration in Plants

    • Respiration in Plants

  10. Ecosystems

    • Ecosystem

    • Ecological Pyramids

  11. Five Kingdom Classification

    • Five Kingdom Classification

    • Plant Kingdom

    • Animal Kingdom

  12. Economic Importance of Bacteria and Fungi

    • Bacteria - Characteristics and Application

    • Food Poisoning and Food Preservation

    • Moulds and Yeast

    • Fungi - Characteristics and Uses

  13. Nutrition

    • Nutrients

    • Deficiency Diseases

  14. Digestive System

    • Alimentary Canal

    • Physiology of Digestion

    • Test of Components of Food

  15. Movement and Locomotion

    • Skeletal System

    • Joints and Muscles

  16. Skin - The Jack of All Trades

    • Structure of Skin

    • Derivatives of Skin

    • Function of Skin

  17. Respiratory System

    • Respiratory System and Process of Respiration

    • Lung Capacity

    • Experiments Related to Respiration

    • Disorders of Respiratory System

  18. Diseases: Causes and Control

    • Types of Diseases

    • AIDS

  19. Hygiene - A Key to Healthy Life

    • Health and Hygiene

    • Vectors for Transmission of Diseases

  20. Waste Generation and Management

    • Category of Waste

    • Disposal of Waste

History Syllabus

  1. The Harappan Civilisation

    • Bronze Age of Civilisations

  2. The Vedic Period

    • Vedic Culture

  3. Jainism and Buddhism

    • Jainism and Buddhism

  4. The Mauryan Empire

    • The Mauryan Empire

  5. The Sangam Age

    • The Sangam Age

  6. The Age of the Guptas

    • The Age of the Guptas

  7. Medieval India (A) The Cholas

    • The Cholas

  8. Medieval India (B) The Delhi Sultanate

    • The Delhi Sultanate

  9. Medieval India (C) The Mughal Empire

    • The Mughal Empire

  10. Medieval India (D) Composite Culture

    • Composite Culture

    • Sufism and Bhakti Movement

  11. The Modern Age in Europe (A) Renaissance

    • Renaissance and Reformation

  12. The Modern Age in Europe (B) Reformation

    • Renaissance and Reformation

  13. The Modern Age in Europe (C) Industrial Revolution

    • Industrial Revolution

Civics Syllabus

  1. Our Constitution

    • Enactment of the Indian Constitution

  2. Salient Features of the Constitution

    • Features of the Constitution, Fundamental Rights and Duties

  3. Salient Features of the Constitution - II

    • Directive Principles

  4. Elections

    • Elections

  5. Local Self Government - Rural

    • Local Self Government - Rural

  6. Local Self Government - Urban

    • Local Self Government - Urban

Geography Syllabus

  1. The Earth As a Planet

    • The Earth as a Planet

  2. The Conditions that Favour Life on Earth

    • The Conditions that Favour Life on Earth

  3. Latitudes and Longitudes

    • Latitudes and Longitudes

  4. Motions of the Earth - Rotation and Revolution

    • Motions of the Earth - Rotation and Revolution

  5. Earth's Structure

    • Earth's Structure

  6. Landforms of the Earth

    • Landforms of the Earth

  7. Rocks

    • Rocks

  8. Volcanoes

    • Volcanoes

  9. Earthquakes

    • Earthquakes

  10. Folding and Faulting

    • Folding and Faulting

  11. Weathering

    • Weathering

  12. Importance of Oceans

    • Oceans

  13. Movement of Ocean Waters

    • Movement of Ocean Waters

  14. Composition and Structure of the Atmosphere

    • Atmosphere

  15. Insolation and Heat Balance

    • Insolation and Heat Balance

  16. Pressure Belts and Types of Wind

    • Pressure Belts and Types of Wind

  17. Precipitation - Its Types and Causes

    • Precipitation - Its Types and Causes

  18. Types of Pollution

    • Types of Pollution

  19. Sources of Pollution

    • Sources of Pollution

  20. Effects of Pollution

    • Effects of Pollution

  21. Abatement of Pollution

    • Abatement of Pollution

  22. Natural Regions of the World

    • Natural Regions of the World

English Syllabus

  1. Reading Comprehension

    • Summarizing

    • Gathering Information

    • Inferences

    • Argument

    • Structure

    • Correcting Errors

    • Style

    • Poetry

    • Drama

  2. Punctuation

    • Introduction to Punctuation

    • Full Stop

    • Comma

    • Semicolon

    • Colon

    • Question Mark

    • Exclamation Mark

    • Inverted Commas / Quotation Marks

    • Dash

    • Hyphen

    • Parenthesis / Double Dashes

    • Apostrophe

    • Capital Letters

    • Ellipses

  3. Noun

    • Kinds of Nouns

    • The Noun: Gender

    • The Noun: Number

    • The Noun: Case

  4. Articles

    • Introduction to Articles

    • Definite Articles

    • Indefinite Articles

    • Omission of the Article

  5. Adjective

    • Introduction to Adjectives

    • Kinds of Adjective

    • Formation of Adjectives

    • Use of Adjectives

  6. Pronoun

    • Introduction to Pronouns

    • Personal and Impersonal Pronouns

    • Reflexive and Emphatic Pronouns

    • Demonstrative, Indefinite, and Distributive Pronouns

    • Relative Pronoun

    • Interrogative and Exclamatory Pronouns

  7. Verb

    • Introduction to Verbs

    • Transitive and Intransitive Verb

    • The Verb: Persons and Numbers

    • Forms of Verb

    • Auxiliary and Modal Verbs

    • Subject Verb Agreement

  8. Adverb

    • Introduction

    • Kinds of Adverb

    • Forms of Adverb

    • Comparison of Adverbs

    • Formation of Adverbs

  9. Prepositions

    • Introduction to Prepositions

    • Preposition of Place

    • Prepositions of Time

    • Preposition of Manner

    • Preposition of Possession

    • Preposition of Inference, Motive, Source, or Origin

    • Preposition of Contrast, Concession

    • Preposition of Measure, Standard, Rate, Value

    • Preposition of Cause, Reason, Purpose

    • Preposition of Agency, Instrumentality

    • Words Followed by Prepositions

  10. Conjunction

    • Introduction to Conjunctions

    • Paired or Correlative and Compound Conjunctions

    • Co-ordinating Conjunction

    • Subordinating Conjunction

    • Rules of Usage

  11. Tenses

    • Introduction to Tenses

    • Present Tense

    • Past Tense

    • Future Tense

    • Sequence of Tenses

  12. Sentences

    • Subject and Predicate

    • Types of Sentences

    • Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

    • Synthesis of Sentences

    • Order of Words

    • Clauses

    • Question Tags

    • Filling in Sentences

  13. Transformation of Sentences

    • Active and Passive Voice

    • Reported Speech

    • Types of Sentences

    • Parts of Speech

    • Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

    • Sentences Expressing a Condition

    • Sentences Expressing a Concession or Contrast

  14. Vocabulary

    • Words

    • Synonyms and Antonyms

    • Homonyms

    • Idioms and Phrases

    • Types of Phrases

    • Figures of Speech

  15. Writing

    • Biography

    • Sentence

    • Letter

    • Formal Letter

    • Informal Letter

    • Paragraph

    • Essay

    • Descriptive Essay

    • Persuasive Essay

    • Argumentative Essay

    • Narrative Essay

    • Cause and Effect Essay

    • Compare and Contrast Essay

    • Diary Entry

    • Article

    • Speech/Debate

    • Email

    • Poster

    • Character Sketch

    • Report

    • Story

    • Story: Characters

    • Story: Setting

    • Summary

Economics Syllabus

  1. Definitions of Economics

    • Definitions of Economics

  2. Basic Terms and Concepts

    • Basic Terms and Concepts

  3. Basic Problems of an Economy

    • Basic Problems of an Economy

  4. Types of Economies

    • Classification on the Basis of Nature

    • Classification on the Basis of Ownership of Means of Production

    • Classification on the Basis of Economic Growth

    • Indian Economy

  5. Food Security and Public Distribution System

    • Food Security and Public Distribution System

  6. Industrialisation

    • Industrialisation

  7. Cottage and Small Scale Industries

    • Cottage and Small Scale Industries

  8. Impact of Industrial Practices on the Ecosystem

    • Impact of Industrial Practices on Ecosystem

  9. Industrial Wastes & Its Impact of Accumulation

    • Industrial Wastes

  10. Measures to Check the Ecosystem

    • Measures to Check the Ecosystem

  11. Waste Disposal Methods

    • Waste Disposal Methods

  12. Abatement of Pollution

    • Method to Control Air Pollution

  13. Poverty and Unemployment

    • Poverty

    • Unemployment in India

  14. Human Capital - Health & Education

    • Human Capital

  15. Women and Child Welfare

    • Women Welfare

    • Child Welfare