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  1. 7th
  2. Geography

Class 7 Geography

9 Chapters

Class 7


Class 7 Geography teaches about the places and the relationships between people and the environment. Also, in class 7 it is entirely related to the environment especially the environment of India. Moreover, the entire syllabus of geography is divided into nine chapters where each chapter explains different things about the environment. Chapter 1 is About Environment living and non-living things, which includes chemical, physical, and other natural forces. Chapter 2 teaches about Inside geography of the Earth such as rocks, minerals, types of rocks, and types of minerals, etc. that exist on the entire planet. Chapter 3 explains the changes in the earth such as the movements, how it relates to force, how earthquakes happen, along with terms such as volcano, focus, epicenter, etc. Chapter 4 describes air and the mixture that it has which contains nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, water vapors, etc. And why air is essential for living. Chapter 5 defines water and why it is an important source of life on earth. Chapter 6 teaches about the natural vegetation and wildlife of different regions of the earth. Chapter 7 describes the human environment such as settlement, transportation, and communication. Chapter 8 teaches about human interaction with the sub-tropical and tropical regions of the earth. Lastly, chapter 9 explains life in the deserts, as it is a barren area with little precipitation.

Explore all Chapters

EnvironmentInside Our EarthOur Changing EarthAirWaterNatural Vegetation and WildlifeHuman Environment - Settlement, Transport and CommunicationHuman Environment Interactions - The Tropical and The Subtropical RegionLife in the Deserts

Explore all Chapters

Chapter 1 : Environment

Did you know out of the 20 most polluted cities in the world, 13 of them are in India? Environmental pollution is one of the most dangerous problems the entire world is currently facing. It is time we come up with a solution to our environmental issues or face some serious consequences.

Important topic links

Environment: Components and Types

Chapter 2 : Inside Our Earth

Earth, the only planet discovered so far to support life, happens to be our home planet. It took about 4.5 billion years for Earth to become what it is today. It is important for us to know what is Inside our Earth because it provides us with everything that we need in order to survive.

Important topic links

Earth's StructureRocks - Introduction and Importance

Chapter 3 : Our Changing Earth

Our earth is changing every day due to various different reasons. Do you know why? How do these changes occur? And what is the composition of the earth? Let's find out more about Our Changing Earth.

Important topic links

Earth's Movement and Creation of Landforms

Chapter 4 : Air

Do you ever clean your spectacles by blowing air on them? They become hazy when you do so before you wipe them clean. Why do you think this happens? Why does the air you blow from your mouth be both hot and cold at times? How does this happen? Let us conduct an experiment and find out more.

Important topic links

Composition and Structure of the AtmosphereWeather and Climate

Chapter 5 : Water

Rukmini was brushing her teeth when she saw a little creature that looked like a water droplet. He says his name is Mr. Water, and that because she is wasting water by keeping the tap on while brushing, his community of water droplets is dying. Let us know more about water to see how can we save it.

Important topic links

Water Cycle and Distribution of Water BodiesOcean Circulation

Chapter 6 : Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Resources are classified as either biotic or abiotic. The Indian landmass contains a multitude of resources and its economy is heavily dependent on their consumption or export. Due to over-consumption, they are rapidly being depleted. Let's learn more about the resources of India and the World here.

Important topic links

Forests, Grasslands and Shrubs

Chapter 7 : Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication

Initially, Humans lived together and formed Settlements. These settlements grew in size to form civilizations and the rest is history. In order to maintain harmony and peace, Humans devised various modes of Communication. In this chapter, we will learn about Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication.

Important topic links

Settlement, Transport and Communication

Chapter 8 : Human Environment Interactions - The Tropical and The Subtropical Region

Important topic links

Life in the Amazon BasinLife in the Ganga - Brahmaputra Basin

Chapter 9 : Life in the Deserts

When anyone speaks of 'Deserts', what do you think of? Brownie, sands, sun, camels or maybe an ice-creams? Although both 'desert' and 'dessert' are different! What we're talking about is a 'desert', the one you cannot eat. Ali resides in a desert. And he has an interesting story to tell about deserts. Let us join him!

Important topic links

The Hot Desert - SaharaThe Cold desert - Ladakh