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Class 8 Civics

9 Chapters

Class 8


Class 8 Civics contains many chapters which give useful information about our constitution and law. It begins with the Indian Constitution and explains the need for it, the key features along with who wrote it. Further, Secularism is a chapter which discusses the need for secularism and its essence with respect to our country. After that, the chapter of Why Do We Need a Parliament will explain the relationship between participating in the decision-making process and consent of citizens. Next, Understanding Laws will give a brief about laws relating to marriage, voting and more plus how the parliament makes them. Then, Judiciary will explain the need for courts and violation of laws and the role of the judiciary in maintaining democracy. Similarly, Understanding our Criminal Justice System and Understanding Marginalization will tell you about the process after the arrest of criminal and the meaning of socially marginalized communities. Further, Confronting Marginalization will focus on equal rights for Adivasis, Muslims, Dalits, Women and more. Public Facilities is about importance of water for everyone and the provision of public facilities for all. Finally, Law and Justice will help students understand the rights of workers, consumers and producers and what happens when there is the negligence of the application of laws.

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The Indian ConstitutionUnderstanding SecularismWhy Do We Need a Parliament?JudiciaryUnderstanding Our Criminal Justice SystemUnderstanding MarginalisationConfronting MarginalisationPublic FacilitiesLaw and Social Justice

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Chapter 1 : The Indian Constitution

Have you ever wondered how our government works? How are the rules made? How do we get our rights? It is all because of The Indian Constitution. Let's find out more about The Indian Constitution.

Important topic links

Why does a Country need a Constitution?The Indian Constitution : Key Features

Chapter 2 : Understanding Secularism

India is the most diverse country in the world. Tolerance and respect for one another is the foundation because of which our country can rise or fall. Secularism is the freedom of choosing one's religious beliefs and practices of a religion. Let's learn more about secular India in this section.

Important topic links

What is Secularism?

Chapter 3 : Why Do We Need a Parliament?

In a democracy, a government is of the people, for the people, and by the people. And this is reflected by the parliamentary system. Parliament is the highest legislative body in the country. Both the houses of parliament are made up by the representatives of the common public. Let us study further.

Important topic links

Role of the Parliament

Chapter 4 : Judiciary

The Indian Judiciary administers a common law system of legal jurisdiction, in which customs, precedents and legislation, all codify the law of the land. Let's learn more about the judiciary system of India in the following section.

Important topic links

Judiciary in India

Chapter 5 : Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Providing basic Human Rights while maintaining law and order is a difficult task. Also, there are several instances where people have suffered injustice because of false accusations. Bestowing injustice in the process of conserving justice cannot be an option. Thus, Criminal Justice Systems are important.

Important topic links

The Criminal Justice System

Chapter 6 : Understanding Marginalisation

In a country as diverse as India, it is difficult to maintain equality among people. Even after all the efforts that were taken up by the administration, marginalisation is an issue still prevalent in the society. In this chapter, we will understand what marginalised mean. 

Important topic links

Marginalisation of AdivasisMarginalisation of Minorities

Chapter 7 : Confronting Marginalisation

How would you feel if tomorrow you're denied the basic rights? Marginalised? Outcast? This is how few communities in India feel, even after they have been given special access. Let us learn how these communities are confronting marginalisation. 

Important topic links

Laws for the Marginalised

Chapter 8 : Public Facilities

You're on a road trip and you get an urge to pee. You try to hold your pee for an hour after which you find a public washroom on a deserted road. Where did this public washroom come from in the middle of the road? Well this, public washroom is a part of 'Public Facilities' built by the government. Let us know more!

Important topic links

Water Supply as Public FacilitySanitation as Public Facility

Chapter 9 : Law and Social Justice

A country is dysfunctional without law and social justice. The laws laid down by the constitution defines a nation or a country. But what would happen if the systems of law and social justice was to disappear and be banished by the people? A purge maybe? Let us know more about law and social justice and their purpose.

Important topic links

Laws for WorkersBhopal Gas TragedyNew Laws to Protect the Environment