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Class 8 History

10 Chapters

Class 8


Class 8 History begins with the chapter of How, When and Where and it tells about the dates in history and their construction. It also focuses on the way we classify Indian History into Ancient, Medieval and Modern History. Next, From Trade to Territory – The Company establishes Power is about the Britsh came to trade with India and the formation of East India Company. Further, Ruling the Countryside tells us about Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam and his attempts in protecting his throne by siding with the East India Company. Next, Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age discusses the lives of Tribals and how the British Rule impacted them. Next, When People Rebel is about the Revolt of 1857 and how leaders like Mangal Pandey and Rani Lakshmi Bai played a role in it. Colonialism and the City – The Story of an Imperial Capital will tell us how the British managed to colonise almost every country and exploited them. Further, Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners are about handicraft industry of India. Civilizing the Native, Educating the Nation covers Modern Education System which the British introduced whereas Women, Caste and Reform is about evil social practices and the reforms to ban them. The Changing Wolrd of Visual Arts is about Indian Sculptures and art. Finally, The Making of the National Movement: 1870s – 1947 and India After Independence tells us about freedom movements and the post-independence era of India.

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How, When and WhereFrom Trade to TerritoryRuling the CountrysideTribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden AgeWhen People RebelWeavers, Iron Smelters and Factory OwnersCivilising the Native, Educating the NationWomen, Caste and ReformThe Making of the National Movement : 1870s - 1947India After Independence

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Chapter 1 : How, When and Where

Did you know the day India became independent? Well, it was 15th August 1947. But this was only the date on which our independence became official. The struggle for independence had borne its fruit a few months earlier. Such dates in history bear a huge significance. Let us see how this history is constructed.

Important topic links

Importance of DatesSources of History

Chapter 2 : From Trade to Territory

One day Arun went visiting with his mom to a tailor shop. There, Arun went on exploring the shop and found a portrait of a man. The man from the portrait told Arun that he was the founder of the shop set up under the East India Company. Let us join Arun in this journey of Trade to Territory.

Important topic links

East India Company begins Trade in BengalCompany Rule ExpandsSetting up a New Administration

Chapter 3 : Ruling the Countryside

Shah Alam was the Mughal emperor from 1759 to 1806. He faced many invasions during his years on the throne. To protect his kingdom he accepted protection from the British East India Company. In exchange, he granted them the Diwani of Bengal. And this is how a trading company started ruling the countryside of Bengal!

Important topic links

Revenue for the Company

Chapter 4 : Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age

We all know adivasis are 'tribals'. And we to them would be 'dikus' i.e. outsiders. Why are they still termed as adivasis? Once upon there was a war fought over freedom, but today there's a war still being fought over these tribals. These tribals are waiting for their golden age to come. Let us know more!

Important topic links

Life of Tribal GroupsColonial Rule and Tribal LifeBirsa Munda

Chapter 5 : When People Rebel

The history of the world is littered with various revolutions by the people to bring about necessary social and cultural change. The American War of Independence is known to be the first revolution. India also has its first revolution against the British in 1857. History is proof that when people rebel, change follows

Important topic links

Revolt of 1857

Chapter 6 : Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners

India is known for the beautiful handicrafts we possess. Who makes them? These handicrafts come from people from all walks of life especially the weavers, iron smelters and factory owner. Let us know more about them!

Important topic links

The Sword of Tipu Sultan and Wootz Steel

Chapter 7 : Civilising the Native, Educating the Nation

The Britishers came to India and harassed the Indians, but they also introduced modern education. They tried to civilize the Indians. Let's find out more about Civilising the Native, Educating the Nation.

Important topic links

How the British saw Education

Chapter 8 : Women, Caste and Reform

Feminism is a popular topic these days. Women are fighting for their rights. But was it always like this? Since when are women denied their rights? Who fought for women? Were people from lower castes given equal rights? Let's find out more about Women, Reform and the Caste System.

Important topic links

Women and ReformsCaste and Reforms

Chapter 9 : The Making of the National Movement : 1870s - 1947

Important topic links

The Emergence of NationalismThe Growth of Mass NationalismThe March to DandiQuit India and Later

Chapter 10 : India After Independence

India had to go through a lot to gain its independence. But even after the independence, there were a lot of problems and challenges faced by the country. Let's find out more about  India after Independence.

Important topic links

A New and Divided NationFormation of Linguistic States and Planning for DevelopmentIndependent India: Foreign Policy, Achievements and Challenges