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Class 9 Geography

6 Chapters

Class 9


Class 9 Geography contains chapters which will help students get to know about the geographical features of our planet and country in detail. The first chapter of India- Size and Location will give information about the location of our country on the map and its features like water bodies, oceans and more. After that, Physical Features of India gives information about the Indian landscape and the features like Himalayan Mountains, Peninsular, Indian Desert, Coastal Islands and more. Further, Drainage discusses the river systems of India like the Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular rivers. It also gives details about the major river and tributaries like lakes, seas, and more and their pollution. Next Climate chapter will explain the factors which affect the climate of India and the Indian monsoon plus the distribution of rainfall and seasonal patterns. Next, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife discusses the different types of vegetation found in India and the medicinal plants. After that, it also gives you details about the species of animals in India and how to conserve them. Finally, Population is a chapter that will tell you about the population density and the distribution of it. Further, it also discusses literacy, health, occupational structure and more.

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India - Size and LocationPhysical Features of IndiaDrainageClimateNatural Vegetation and WildlifePopulation

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Chapter 1 : India - Size and Location

Do you know how the Indian Ocean got its name? Due to India's unique location and geography, it was a major destination for traders from all over the world in earlier times. And the Indian ocean was their main route hence earning it the name. Let us now explore the location and size of India and its influence.

Important topic links

Location, Size and Neighbours of India

Chapter 2 : Physical Features of India

Do you know millions of year ago all of the lands on the planet were joined to form one giant supercontinent known as Pangea? Slowly different parts of it drifted away. This tectonic shifting is how the Indian landscape came into being. Let's look at some of the important physical features of India.

Important topic links

The Himalayan MountainsThe Northern PlainsThe Peninsular PlateauThe Indian Desert and the Coastal PlainsThe Islands

Chapter 3 : Drainage

Who doesn't love nature? The trees, the mountains and the beaches. Rivers are one of the most beautiful sights of nature in India. But did you ever wonder where does all the water in the rivers come from? And where does it all go? We are going to find out just that. Let's learn about the Drainage system of India.

Important topic links

Introduction to Drainage System of IndiaThe Himalayan RiversThe Peninsular RiversLakes

Chapter 4 : Climate

Are you happy or are you sad today? Do you know that majority of the times, the weather outside predicts our moods? If what we predict every day is weather, then what is climate? How do living beings other than humans adapt to it? Let us study the weather and climate, and adaptation of animals to climate below!

Important topic links

Understanding the Climate and Related FactorsThe Seasons, Rainfall Distribution and Monsoon a Unifying Bond

Chapter 5 : Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Resources are classified as either biotic or abiotic. The Indian landmass contains a multitude of resources and its economy is heavily dependent on their consumption or export. Due to over-consumption, they are rapidly being depleted. Let's learn more about the resources of India and the World here.

Important topic links

Types of VegetationWildlife of India

Chapter 6 : Population

Did you know that population and geography have a close relation? That is correct, there is a branch known as Population Geography which studies the population density, distribution, composition, and growth of population with relation to geographical areas. This helps is planning and development. Let us take a look.

Important topic links

Understanding India's Population