Bengaluru Division | Definition, Examples, Diagrams
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Bengaluru Division

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Division of districts in Karnataka - definition

For better administration, Karnataka is divided into four Revenue Divisions. 
  • Bengaluru Division (Nine Districts)
  • Mysuru Division (Eight Districts)
  • Belagavi Division (Seven Districts) 
  • Kalburgi Division (six districts). 
There are 30 districts in Karnataka. Each district is headed by a Deputy Commissioner. Each division is headed by a Divisional Commissioner. 

Introduction to Bengaluru Division - definition

Bengaluru is the capital of Karnataka. It is one of the Administrative Divisions of Karnataka. There are nine Districts in Bengaluru Division Bengaluru Urban, Bengaluru Rural, Kolar, Chikkaballapura, Ramanagara, Tumakuru, Chitradurga, and Shivamogga. This Division is in the Southern part of Karnataka.

Introduction to History of Bengaluru - definition

Bengaluru has a history as rich as Karnataka. The earliest rulers were from the Ganga Dynasty. Kuvalalapura was their capital (the present Kolar). After the decline of the Gangas, the area came under the rule of Cholas, Hoysalas, Vijayanagar Kings, Marathas, Mysuru Kings and Bijapurs Adil Shahi.

Natural Resources of Bengaluru - definition

Resources obtained from nature are called as Natural Resources. Rivers, Forests, Waterfalls, Animals, Soil, minerals are examples of natural resources. Bengaluru division has Tropical Monsoon climate. Many of the rivers in this division originate in the Western Ghats. Important rivers in this division  are Uttara Pinakini, Dakshina Pinakini, Vedavathi, Shimsha, Tungabhadra, Sharavathi, Varada and others. This division has many mineral deposits. The gold mines are in Kolar. But, the gold deposit of this mine is exhausted. Iron ore deposits are found in Chitradurga and Tumakuru districts. Chitradurga also has copper ore deposits. 

Forests in Bengaluru Division - definition

In Bengaluru Division, Shivamogga district has the densest forest cover. Bengaluru Urban district has the least forest cover. This division has both Evergreen forests and Deciduous forests. The Sahyadri mountain range passes on the borders of Shivamogga district. These forests have Bamboo, Banyan, Tamarind, Sandalwood, Dindiga, Teak, Jali, Mango and Neem trees. The tallest mountain in this division is Halurameshwara Gudda in Chitradurga district. Other famous mountains are Kavaledurga, Chandragutthi, kodachadri and Nandidurga.  

Wild Animals in Bengaluru Division - definition

Karnataka division has many wild animals. Wildcat, Tiger, Leopard, Bison, Wild Pig, Deer, Bear, and Wolf are some of the important wild animals.   

Wildlife Protection in Bengaluru Division - definition

There are many forest reserves, wild life sanctuaries and national parks in Bengaluru division. They have been set up for the protection of forests and animals. Some of these are:
  • Jogimatti Forest Reserve in Chitradurga 
  • Bannerghatta National Park in Bengaluru
  • Bhadra Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Sharavathi Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Shettyhalli Wild Life Sanctary
  • Gudavi Bird Sanctuary
  • Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary in Shivamogga
  • Ramadevara betta Vulture Sanctuary in Ramanagara 
  • Jayamangali blackbuck sanctuary in Tumakuru 

Agriculture in Bengaluru Division - definition

Agriculture is the main occupation of people in Bengaluru division. This division has more dryland agriculture. The agricultural activity is rain dependent. Shivamogga district is well irrigated. This division has sand mixed red soil. Black soil is also available in some parts. The main crops of this division are ragi, maize, paddy, groundnuts, various Pulses, coconut, arecanut, cotton, sugarcane, and others. Mulberry silk is cultivated in Bengaluru and Ramanagar districts. Fruits like sapota, papaya, jackfruit, orange, and banana are grown in this division. Ragi and rice are the major staple food in this division. The government has established Agricultural Produce Markets in all the taluk and district headquarters. Here, the farmers can sell their produces directly. The government has also established granaries or warehouses in all the district and taluk headquarters. The farmers can store their produce here.

Introduction to Industries in Karnataka - definition

Sir M. Vishveshwaraiah is the founder industrial sector in Karnataka. He implemented the forethought of Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV- If we dont establish industries now, we cannot attain progress. Many big industries have been established in Bengaluru, Bhadravathi, Tumakuru, Shivamogga and other places. Bengaluru is the most important industrial place in India. There is an Iron and Steel industry in Bhadravathi of Shivamogga district. It was established in the year 1923. It is now called as Vishveshwaraiah Iron and Steel Industries Limited. There is a paper production factory here. It was established in 1936. The first cement factory in Karnataka was established in Bhadravathi. The Birla Cement Factory is in Ammasandra of Tumakuru district. Bengaluru is known for Information Technology and Biotechnology industries. Industries are the main source of employment. Karnataka is ranked second in the export of garments in India. The government has established Apparel Parks in cities like Doddabalapura, Anekal. Industries like Aeronautics, Electronics, Information Technology and Biotechnology are active in Bengaluru. Some of these industries are public companies and many are private companies. 

Poets and Writers in Bengaluru Division - definition

Three writers from Bengaluru Division have received the prestigious Jnanpith Award. They are: 
National Poet Kuvempu (K.V.Puttappa)
Masti Venkatesha Iyengar 
U.R. Ananthamurthy
Bengaluru division is known for its art and literature since ancient times. In the twelfth century, Akkamahadevi and Alamaprabhu contributed in Vachana literature. Similarly, Shripadarayaru, Purandaradasuru and other who were part of Dasa Parampare are from this division.  Following are the modern writers of this division: 
D.V. Gundappa (DVG)
P. Lankesh
Nisar Ahamed
T.P. Kailasam
M.K. Indira
Dr. Anupama Niranjana

Introduction to Dance and theatre in Karnataka - definition

Karnataka has achieved a lot in the field of theatre. Gubbi Veeranna is the most famous theatre artist of Karnataka. He had titles like Natakarathna, Nataka Sarvabhouma. He established 'Gubbi Theatre Company'. It has completed one hundred years. Another famous theatre artist is Subbaiah Naidu. He was the hero of the first Kannada talkie Movie Sathi Sulochana. K. Hiranaiah and his son master Hirannaiah were great comedians. Smt. Mayarao contributed in the field of dance. She opened a school of dance, Natya Saraswathi. Now, Bengaluru is an important center of the cinema industry.  

Folklore in Bengaluru Division - definition

Dr. H.L.Nagegowda is a famous folklore expert and writer in Karnataka. He established a folklore centre Janapada Loka in Ramanagar district. It is a wonderful folklore museum. Many art crafts belonging to various folk arts, literature, theatre, are displayed here. The following are the famous folk arts of Bengaluru Division:
  • The Karaga Festival takes place every year in Bengaluru.
  • Somana Kunitha is famous in South Karnataka. 
  • 'Mudalapaya Yakshagana, Garudi Kunitha, Dollu Kunitha, Kamsale Kunitha and others are the famous folk arts.

Education in Bengaluru Division - definition

Bengaluru Division has achieved immensely in the field of Education. Sir M. Vishveshwaraiah and Prof. C.N.R Rao received Bharat Ratna Award. They are from Kolar district of Bengaluru Division. Sir C.V. Raman, conducted his research in Bengaluru. Bengaluru is an important center of education. There are many famous public and private universities in this division. There are many central research and scientific laboratories too. There is an Agricultural University in Bengaluru. The government is encouraging primary education. Many religious institutions are also providing education. Following are some examples:
  • Siddhaganga Mutt under the leadership of  Shri Shivakumara Swamiji.
  • Adichunchanagiri mutt under the leadership of Shri Balagangadharanatha Swamiji.
  • Murugarajendera Mutt and Sirigere Taralabalu Mutt of Chitradurga.
Most of the districts of this division have engineering colleges and Medical Colleges.    

Health in Bengaluru - definition

There has been a great progress in the field of health in Bengaluru division. It has contained contagious diseases. Infant death rates have been reduced drastically. Smallpox and polio have been eradicated completely. Monkey disease prevalent in the forest regions of Shivamogga has also been contained. In spite of all these efforts, children and women in rural areas are still malnourished. In rural areas primary health centers and health sub centers provide medical facilities. Every district center has a well equipped district hospital. Bigger towns/villages have Community Health Centers.  Taluk centers have taluk hospitals. The government has established Primary Health Centres. These function 24x7 to ensure safe delivery. Mobile Health Facilities are there to provide better facilities to pregnant women.    

Cultural Resources of Bengaluru Division - definition

Bengaluru division has a rich culture. It is rich in forests, wild animals, rivers, valleys, religious places, tourist centers, cultural festivals. Following personalities have contributed in making Bengaluru division a rich cultural region: 
Kengal Hanumanthaiah - the chief architect of Karnataka Integration. The Vidhanasoudha building was built during his tenure as the Chief Minister. 
S.Nijalingappa - a pioneer of Karnataka Integration Movement.
Shantaveri Gopal Gowda - laid the solid foundation of Socialist Movement in Karnataka.
Salumarada Thimakka - a famous environmental protectionist. 
Anil Kumble - A great Indian Cricketer.
B.K.S Iyengar and Raghavendra Swamiji -  contributed in the field of Yoga.

Freedom Fighters of Bengaluru Division - definition

Following people from the Bengaluru division took part in the national freedom struggle:
K.C. Reddy- The first Chief Minister of Mysuru state. 
Kengal Hanumanthaiah-  The second Chief Minister of Mysuru state.   
S. Nijalingappa - Former chief minister of Karnataka.  
Shantaveri Gopala Gowda - Socialist leader. 
Kadidal Majappa, Thi. Tha. Sharma, Bageerathamma and many others had participated in the freedom struggle. 

Bengaluru Urban District - definition

Bengaluru is the capital city of Karnataka. Vidhanasoudha and High Court of Karnataka is in Bengaluru. Heavy public industries like HMT and BHEL are in Bengaluru. Private industries like Infosys, Biocon and others are also present here.There are four taluks in this district. They are - Bengaluru North, Bengaluru South, Bengaluru East, and Anekal. Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike oversees the administration of Bengaluru. There are many famous temples and churches in Bengaluru.

Bengaluru Rural District - definition

Bengaluru Rural district was formed in 1986. There are four taluks in this district: Nelamangala, Doddaballapura, Devanahalli, and Hoskote. Shivagange in Nelamangala taluk is a famous religious place. Kempegowda international airport is in Devanahalli.  

Famous temples in Bengaluru - definition

The famous temples of Bengaluru city are:
Someshwara temple of Ulsoor Gavi
Gangadhareshware temple
Doddanbasavanna temple
Dharmarayaswamy temple
Kote Venkataramana temple 

Famous churches of Bengaluru city - definition

The famous churches of Bengaluru city are:
St. Joseph Church 
St. Marys Bascilica 
St. Marks Cathedral 
Infant Jesus church 
St. Francis Xavier Cathedral 

Famous mosques of Bengaluru city - definition

The famous mosques of Bengaluru city are: 
Sangeen Jamia Masjid
Jumma Masjid 
Jamia Masjid 
Khadriya Masjid 
Bilal Masjid

Ramanagara District - definition

Ramanagara district was formed on 23rd August, 2007. It has four taluks Channapatna, Kanakapura, Ramangara and Magadi. This district is the fastest growing industrial hub of Karnataka. It has the Bidadi Industrial Centre. Many medium and small scale industries are operating here. Ramanagara district is known for its Chennapatna wooden toys and silk.

Chikkaballapura District - definition

Chikkaballapura district was formed on November 10, 2007. Kolar district was divided to create Chikkaballapura district. There are six taluks in this district. They are Chikkaballapura, Gowribidanuru, Bagepalli, Shidlagatta, Gudibande, and Chintamani. 

Kolar District - definition

Kolar is famous for its gold mines. These mines were closed down in 2003. Kolar has five taluks - Bangarpete, Kolar, Mulubaagalu, Malur, and Shrinivaspura. The main occupations of the people of this district are agriculture, dairying, floriculture and silk production. This district is a dry land. It is prone to droughts. 

Tumakuru District - definition

Tumakuru district was formed in the year 1832. It has ten taluks. They are Koratagere, Gubbi, Chikkanayakanahalli, Pavagada, Kunigal, Turuvekere, Tiptur, Madhugiri, Sira, and Tumakuru. It has many forts that were built by the Palegaras. The district is known for its educational institutions. There are many mutts, which provides free education. The Tumakuru district is becoming an important industrial center of Karnataka.

Chitradurga District - definition

Chitradurga has six taluks. Taluks of Chitradurga are Chitradurga, Hiriyur, Challakere, Hosadurga, Holalkere, and Molakalmuru. Chitradurga is famous for its seven ringed fort. Inside the fort, there are ponds and temples. This district is known for its Palegaras. Madakari Nayaka was a famous Palegara. 

Davanagere District - definition

Davanagere district was formed in 1997 by dividing Chitradurga district. A few parts of Shivamogga and Harapanahalli of Ballari district were added to Devanagere district. It has six taluks: Harihara, Harappanahalli, Channagiri, Honnali, Jagalur, and Davanagere. Davanagere was known as the Manchester of Karnataka. During 1960s, it was famous for its textile production. But, due to lack of raw cotton the mills have been shut down. There are many sugar factories and food processing units in this district. 'Shanthi Sagar is the biggest lake in South India. It is in Channagiri.

Shivamogga district - definition

Shivamogga district is known for its scenic beauty. It was founded by Keladi rulers.  There are six taluks Thirthahalli, Sagara, Soraba, Bhadravathi, Shivamogga, Shikaripura and Hosanagara. Shivamogga is called the rice granary of Karnataka. Tungabhadra, Sharavathi, Varada and Kumudvathi rivers flow in this region. The Sharavathi Hydroelectric project and Varahi Hydroelectric project are in Shivamogga district. Jogfall is the highest waterfalls in Asia. It is in Gerosuppe.