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Conservation of Wildlife

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Important national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserves - definition

Bandhipur National ParkKarnatakaIndian bison, chital, sloth bear, elephant
Corbett National Park UttaranchalTiger, chital, elephant, leop-ard, jungle cat and sloth bear.
Gir National ParkGujaratAsiatic lion
Kanha National ParkMadhya PradeshDeer, tiger, wilddog, chital.
Bharathpur Bird SanctuaryRajasthan374 species of birds, e.g., Indian darters, spoonbills, painted stock, open billed stork, black necked stork etc.
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary AssamHispid hare (rere), pygmy hog, golden langur
Sunderbans National Park West BengalUnique royal Bengal tigers.

Methods for conservation of wildlife - definition

  • The plants and animals found in one particular area are termed to be the flora and fauna of that area. All the living organisms which include plants, animals and microorganisms should be conserved for many reasons.
  • Ecological balance should be maintained in order to restore biogeochemical cycles and food chains.
  • The variety of wild animals should be preserved in the form of gene bank to enhance breeding programmes.
  • Wild animals possess some aesthetic values.
  • Wildlife should be conserved by proper planning and management of land, water and other resources.
  • Over-exploitation of useful organisms should be stopped.
  • Wildlife should be protected from the activities of hunters.
  • Indian government has posed an act against hunting in 1972 Wildlife Protection Act.