In situ Conservation | Definition, Examples, Diagrams
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In situ Conservation

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Strategies for conservation of biodiversity - definition

In-situ conservation, the conservation of species in their natural habitats, is considered the most appropriate way of conserving biodiversity. Conserving the areas where populations of species exist naturally is an underlying condition for the conservation of biodiversity. That's why protected areas form a central element of any national strategy to conserve biodiversity.

Ex-situ conservation is the preservation of components of biological diversity outside their natural habitats. This involves conservation of genetic resources, as well as wild and cultivated or species, and draws on a diverse body of techniques and facilities. Some of these include:
  • Gene banks, e.g., seed banks, sperm and ova banks, field banks;

  • In vitro plant tissue and microbial culture collections;
  • Captive breeding of animals and artificial propagation of plants, with possible reintroduction into the wild; and
  • Collecting living organisms for zoos, aquaria, and botanic gardens for research and public awareness.
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List any four techniques where principle of ex-situ conservation of biodiversity has been employed.

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Write any four national efforts for the conservation of natural resources.

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An example for in situ biological conservation method is to establish

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Define Ramsar Sites.

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The name of Smt. Thimmakka is associated with the

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Which of the following statement for biosphere reserve is incorrect?

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In-situ conservation of national genetic resources can be achieved by establishing

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Biodiversity is being conserved in a variety of ways. Which of these is a way in which biodiversity is currently being conserved?
 I.  Preserving habitats
II.  Introducing non-native species
III. Protecting populations

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Consider the following pairs.
1. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve: Garo Hills
2. Logtak (Loktak) Lake: Barail Range
3. Namdapha: Dafla Hills National Park
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

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All the following are included under in situ conservation, except

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