Air pollution and Taj Mahal

The contamination of air by unwanted substances is referred to as air pollution.

Air pollution has a harmful effect on both the living and the non-living things

The substances which contaminate the air are called air pollutants

Air pollution also has a significant effect on Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders in the world

It is located in Agra, India

Over the past few years, this monument has become a matter of concern

The pollutants in air are discolouring its white marble

Suspended particulate matter, ( soot particles ) emitted by Mathura oil refinery, has contributed towards the yellowing of the marble

There are many industries in and around Agra

Industries such as rubber processing, automobile, chemicals and Mathura oil refinery are responsible for the increase in air pollution.

These industries release gases like sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide into the air.

These gases react with the water vapour present in the atmosphere to form sulphuric acid and nitric acid

The acids drop down with rain, making the rain acidic. This is called acid rain.

Acid rain corrodes the marble of the monument. The phenomenon is also called “Marble cancer”

The Supreme Court has taken several steps to save the Taj

It ordered industries to switch to cleaner fuels like CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) and LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas)

Moreover, the automobiles should switch over to unleaded petrol in the Taj zone.

Many industries in that area have also been made to shut down

Revision

The contamination of air by unwanted substances is referred to as air pollution

Air pollution has a harmful effect on both the living and the non-living things

Over the past few years,the Taj Mahal has become a matter of concern

The pollutants in air are discolouring its white marble

Suspended particulate matter, ( soot particles ) emitted by Mathura oil refinery, has contributed towards the yellowing of the marble

The acids formed due to industrial pollutants form acids and drop down with rain, making the rain acidic. This is called acid rain.

Acid rain corrodes the marble of the monument. The phenomenon is also called “Marble cancer”

Many steps have been taken by the supreme court to prevent the damage being done to Taj Mahal

The End