Meera was going through a book that has information about rare plants.
She was curious that such a variety of plants exist in the world and she hasn’t seen any yet. So, she asked her mother.
Her mother told her that if she wants to see a variety of plants then they need to go to a botanical garden.
So, let’s discuss botanical garden
The botanical garden has a large collection of plants, grown for various purposes like research, education, etc.
Some Botanical gardens have Laboratories, so as to perform research work on plants.
It also contains a library that has books related to flora and fauna.
It can also have a herbarium which preserves plants for taxonomic reference.
It also houses a museum which displays historical plants.
Let’s travel back to the past where the first concept of botanical garden initiated
Earlier there were only gardens, where plants and crops were grown for only food and religious purpose.
But, the first botanical garden was established by Luca Ghini at Pisa in Italy in 1548.
Now, Let’s know some names of botanical gardens around the world
Pisa botanical garden, Italy.
Leyden botanical garden, Netherlands.
Lalbagh botanical garden, Bangalore.
Darjeeling Botanical Garden.
Now let’s discuss about the plants that are grown in botanical gardens
Only, plants that are suitable for the climate in that area are grown.
Special enclosures are also available for specific plants.
Like cactus are kept in greenhouses with proper controlled environment.
Screen houses are used for foliage plants. Foliage plants are those which are leafier. They need proper ventilation.
Rare plants such as Bonsai are also grown.
Let’s now explore the significance of Botanical garden
It can be used for scientific teaching.
Or, research can be performed on plants that have medicinal value.
Botanical garden also provides public education on plants.
Most significantly, Botanical Garden helps in conserving plants.
Botanical garden is a place where variety of plants are grown.
It also contains a laboratory, library, herbaria, and museum.
They also provide scientific teaching, Research opportunities, public education and helps in conservation of plants.