Bryophyta: An Introduction

You all need to learn the Bryophyta chapter. We will have a test tomorrow.

I have to perform well but where should I start from !!

Let me explore this library first, I will surely get some good stuff here.

Well,this book looks quite nice.

Alas !! I am going inside the book. Amazing !!

And I guess the Bryophyta chapter is near.

Bryophyta is formed with two words Bryos= moss + phyton= plant. They are first terrestrial and nonvascular plant found in moist and shady places.

They form a kind of green mat on damp soil, rock, walls especially during rainy seasons.

Now let me study the Bryophytes a bit deeper.

Alas !! There is a time machine in this book. Let me travel to 1879 then.

Welcome to 1879 I am Prof. Schimper.I delimited the term Bryophyta to its present form which was coined by Braun in 1864.

Their gametophyte is either green in color or thalloid. They are differentiated into the stem-like or leaf-like structure.

Bryophytes are small sized land plants. They lack vascular tissues but have simple conducting strands.

which is the smallest bryophyte just measures 4.5mm.

Dowsonia and Fontalis which are the largest bryophytes measures (60-70cm)

Fertilization in Bryophyta takes place in the presence of water either of rain or of dew.

Antheridium is stalked and club-shaped. It produces male gametes.

Archegonium consist of the lower center. Venter has a female gamete called egg cell.

Well, I gained a lot of information today !! Time to go back and have a quick recap.

Let's revise now.

Bryophyta is formed with two words : Bryos= moss + phyton= plant

Bryophytes are green in color, Zoopsis is the smallest and Dowsonia is the largest bryophyte.

Reproduction in bryophytes is of oogamous type.