Classification of Fibres
Fibres are used in our day to day life.
We use fibers to make fishing nets, ropes, clothes and a lot of other things.
But all fibres do not have the same source.
The ones obtained from nature are called natural fibres.
While the ones made by man are called synthetic fibres.
Let us look at natural fibres in detail.
Fibres obtained from natural sources such as plants, animals, insects, etc are called natural fibres.
Natural fibres can therefore be classified into two types: plant and animal.
Fibres obtained from plant sources are called plant fibres.
Some of the common plant fibres we see around are cotton, jute, and coir.
Next, fibres obtained from animal sources are called animal fibres.
They are mostly obtained from animal hair and silkworms.
Most popular examples of animal fibres are wool and silk.
These natural fibres have great characteristics.
For instance, cotton is very fine and soft, whereas silk is lustrous.
These fibres, therefore, make premium fabrics.
But most of the time, natural fibres come at a heavy price.
To combine affordability and other qualities like strength and durability, man started making fibres.
Fibres made by man are called man- made fibres or synthetic fibres.
Synthetic fibres are generally processed from chemical substances.
Some of the common examples of man-made fibres are rayon, nylon, polyester, and acrylic.
Fibres can be of two types: natural fibres and man-made fibres
Natural fibres are made from natural resources such as plants, animals, insects etc.
Cotton, linen, jute, coir are examples of natural fibres.
Man-made fibres are obtained by chemical methods.
Rayon, nylon, polymer and acrylic are examples of artificial or man-made fibres.