Heartbeat and Pulse rate

The heart is the organ which pumps blood to different parts of the body.

It is important to check the flow of blood through the heart and verify that it is functioning properly.

But how to analyse this?

It can be understood by checking the heartbeat and pulse.

First, let's understand about the heartbeat.

The walls of the chambers of the heart are made up of muscles.

These muscles contract and relax rhythmically to facilitate the flow of blood through the heart.

This rhythmic contraction and relaxation constitute a heartbeat.

It is a continuous process throughout our life and it can be checked by placing a hand on the chest.

For the examination of heartbeats, an instrument called stethoscope is used.

A stethoscope is used to amplify the sound of the heart. Doctors use it to check the rate of the heartbeat.

A stethoscope has a chestpiece, which has a sensitive diaphragm which can sense minute sounds such as the beating of the heart.

It has 2 earpieces and a tube which connects earpiece to the chest piece.

Doctors can analyse the condition of the heart by listening to the heartbeat and comparing to the normal rates.

the heartbeat of a person at rest will be 72 to 80 beats per minute (bpm). The number of heartbeats may vary with the increasing activity of the person.

Now let us gain information about pulse rate.

We learnt before that the heart contracts and relaxes successively to transport blood through the blood vessels to all organs of the body.

A rhythmic throbbing is experienced in the arteries as the blood is propelled through them. This is called a pulse.

In other words, a pulse is the rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from the beating of the heart.

We can check the pulse ourselves by placing the right-hand middle and index fingers on the inner side of the left wrist.

The number of pulses per minute is called the pulse rate. In a healthy person, the pulse rate is from 72 to 80 beats per minute.

Comparing heartbeat and pulse rate

Heartbeat is the number of times per minute that the heart contracts and relaxes. The unit of heartbeat is beats per minute (bpm).

Pulse rate is the measure of blood flow through the arteries caused by the contractions and relaxations of the heart per minute.

Although both give similar data, the heartbeat is more preferred.

Heartbeat directly checks the beating of the heart in a minute rather than a mechanical pulse generated in the artery.

Having a normal value of heartbeats means the circulation of blood across the body is happening properly without any obstructions.

It is thus important to keep the heart healthy for having a healthy, disease-free life.

Practices like yoga and exercises increase the flow of blood to the heart.

By making yoga and exercises a part of our daily routine will help us keep our heart and body healthy.

Revision

It is important to check the rate of heart beat and pulse and keep it normal to have a healthy life.

The heartbeat is the rhythmic contraction and relaxation of the heart to circulate blood.

A rhythmic throbbing is experienced in the arteries as the blood is propelled through them. This is called a pulse.

An average healthy human in resting condition has a rate of 72-80 beats per minute (both heartbeat and pulse).

Practising yoga and exercising help in maintaining a healthy heart and thus a healthy body.

The END