Natural Vegetation

Every day we see a variety of plants in our surroundings including grasses, bushes, shrubs, and trees.

Bushes are small plants. Shrubs are bigger than bushes and smaller than trees.

The grasses, shrubs, and trees that grow naturally without the help of human beings are called natural vegetation.

Different types of natural vegetation exist based on the type of climatic condition the place has.

For example, areas of heavy rainfall have more vegetation as compared to areas of less vegetation.

A very large area of natural vegetation is known as a forest.

Forests are very necessary for us.

The plants in the forests give the oxygen we breathe and absorb carbon dioxide.

Plants also give us timber for furniture, wood for fuel, medicines from medicinal plants and herbs.

The roots of the trees are attached to the soil and prevent the removal of the soil.

But the cutting of trees has destroyed the natural vegetation of India.

We should plant more and more trees and should make people aware of the importance of trees.

Special programs like Van Mahotsav should be celebrated to involve more people in making our earth green.

Forests are home to a variety of wildlife.

A large variety of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, insects and worms live in the forest.

The tiger is found in various forests of India. It is our national animal.

Asiatic lions are present only in the Gir forest in Gujarat. Most of the one-horned rhinoceros are present in Assam.

Elephants are majorly found in Assam, Kerala, and Karnataka.

Camels are present in the Great Indian Desert and Wild asses are present in Rann of Kuchchh in Gujarat.

There are different types of snakes found in India. Cobras and Kraits are important among them.

The peacock is majorly found in India and it is our national bird.

Other common birds found in the Indian forests are the peacock, parrots, pigeons, mynah, bulbul, and ducks.

Due to the cutting of forests and hunting, many animals and birds are disappearing.

So the Indian Government has set up many national parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserves.

These provide a place for the animals and the birds to live.

Indian Government also launched some projects to protect some of them.

Project Tiger and Project Elephant are two such projects.

Revision

The plants that grow naturally without the care of man are called natural vegetation. Forests are present in large areas of natural vegetation.

A large area under natural vegetation is known as a forest.

Forests are very useful for humans. They provide air, medicines, wood, and other things.

Forests provide a place for the animals to live. They have a large number of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, and insects.

Cutting of forests is destroying our natural vegetation on a large scale. To avoid that we should plant more and more trees.

Tiger is the Indian national animal, and the peacock is our national bird.

Due to the cutting of forests and hunting, many animals and birds are disappearing.

So the Indian government took measures by setting up national parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserves for the animals and birds.

Indian Government also launched Project Elephant and Project Tiger to protect these animals.

The End