Reuse, Recycling and Disposal of Plastics

In our day to day life, we use a lot of things which are directly or indirectly connected to plastic.

In plastic bags, we carry fruits, vegetables from the market.

We store water in the plastic bottles or containers.

So, it is evident that plastic is used in many things like furniture, garbage box, and utensils, etc.

But the problem with the plastic is, it is not biodegradable

Since it is not biodegradable, it has a harmful effect on the environment as well as on humans and animals.

In order to prevent or reduce the harmful effects due to plastics, we need to reduce the usage of plastic or find some other alternatives

The best way to control the pollution caused by plastics is to reduce its usage.

The effective way to reduce plastic pollution is to use other alternatives instead of plastic.

For this, people have started using paper bags for carrying fruits, vegetables, and clothes.

Whereas we can use glass bottles instead of plastic bottles for drinking purposes.

So there are many applications in our daily life where we can find an alternative for plastics

We can also reuse plastic in order to reduce plastic pollution.

Reused plastic produce bags for sandwiches.

Also, we can reuse the plastic grocery bags as small trash bags

After you have reused the plastic many times and are ready to dispose of it, try to recycle it.

Moving ahead, let us know about the recycling of plastics

Plastic recycling refers to the process of recovering waste or scrap plastic and reprocessing it into a useful product.

Due to the fact that plastic is non-biodegradable, it is essential to recycle it.

The recycling process involves many steps.

In the first step, plastic is collected.

Plastics are available in a number of forms. For example plastic containers, jars, bottles, plastic bags, packaging plastic, and big industrial plastics.

Tons and tons of scrap plastic are collected and sent to a collecting yard where they are then packed and transported to plastic processing plants

Now in the second step, plastic is sorted.

The actual plastic recycling process starts with sorting of the different plastic items by their resin content and color

There are specially designed machines that help in sorting the plastics according to their resin content

Let us now learn about the third step.

After sorting the plastics, the next step is to cut the plastics into tiny chunks or pieces.

The heavier and lighter plastic flakes are separated using a specially designed machine

The separation process helps in ensuring that the different plastics are not put together or mixed up in the final product.

Now in the fourth step, plastic is cleaned.

After a complete separation, the flakes or chunks are washed with detergents to remove the remaining contamination.

Once the cleaning process is completed, the clean flakes are passed through specialized equipment that further separates the plastic resin.

The plastic flakes are then subjected to moderate heat to dry.

The dry flakes are melted down and molded into a new shape or processed into granules.

The melting process is done under regulated temperatures by using specialized equipment designed to melt down plastic without destroying them.

In the final step, pellets are made.

After the melting process, the plastic pieces are then compressed into tiny pellets known as nurdles

In this state, the plastic pellets are ready for reuse or can be redesigned into new plastic products.

This is the complete process of plastic recycling.

Let’s revise ...

Plastic is not biodegradable, so it has a harmful effect on the environment as well as on humans and animals.

In order to prevent or reduce the harmful effects due to plastics, we need to reduce the usage of plastic or find some other alternatives

We can also reuse plastic in order to reduce the plastic pollution

The most important process in reducing plastic pollution is recycling

The recycling process involves many steps