Threats to Wildlife and Its Conservation
The flora and fauna available in our country provide us with different benefits.
Trees give us shelter, paper, oxygen, and many other important things.
Animals, in addition to providing beauty to the nature, also serve many other purposes.
For instance, the fish provide us with food full of nutrition.
Insects like bees help in pollination of flowers.
Bees also make compounds like honey, which are essential part of human life.
Animals like chickens provide us with meat and eggs, which is the main sources of protein.
Bullocks help in transportation of people in rural areas up to this day.
However, these animals, and the ecosystem that they live in, has been disturbed by human activity.
Due to over exploitation of plant and animal resources by humans, a need to conserve them has risen.
The main causes of these threats to wildlife are hunting and poaching activities by man due to commercial purposes.
Pollution due to industrial wastes, acid deposits, deforestation, and other reasons is responsible for the displacement of wildlife.
Conserving our flora and fauna is an important task for all of us because without them our survival will become very difficult.
Steps taken to conserve wildlife
To protect the wildlife, 18 biosphere reserves have been setup in the country.
10 of these reserves have been included in the world network of biosphere reserves.
The government have passed the Wildlife Protection Act in 1972 to conserve and protect the wildlife.
The government has provided financial and technical assistance to botanical gardens.
Eco-development projects like Project Tiger, Project Rhino, and others have been implemented to save wildlife.
103 national parks, 535 wildlife sanctuaries, and zoological gardens have been set up to save the wildlife.
We must realize the importance of wildlife conservation, and assist our government in every possible way that we can.
Now, its time for revision
Indian wildlife is beautiful, and represents a large share of the world’s wildlife.
Animals provide us with so many things, such as food, transportation, pollination agents, etc.
However, human activities, such as hunting and deforestation, has put wildlife under threat. Thus, there is a need to conserve Indian wildlife.
The government has established 18 biosphere reserves, 103 national parks, and 535 wildlife sanctuaries all over India.
Zoological parks and ecological projects like Project Tiger have also been established to save wildlife.
The government has passed the Indian Wildlife Conservation Act in 1972 and banned hunting and poaching.
18 Biosphere reserves have been set up and 10 out of which have been included in world network of biosphere reserves.
The government is providing technical and financial assistance to botanical gardens.