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# NDA

Recruitment of candidates to Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the National Defence Academy (NDA), is carried through National Defence Academy entrance exam.
• Field
Defence
• Eligibility
12th appearing or passed with science subjects (PCM)
• Subjects
Maths, Science, Social Science, GK
• Applicants
Approx. 4 Lakhs
• Qualified
8000 - 10,000
• Questions Type
Objective MCQs
• Paper Pattern
270 Questions in 5 hrs
• Difficulty Level
Medium to Hard
• Time to Prepare
2 years
• When
March to April
Prepare smart with Toppr

## All you need to know about NDA

Sections

Facts, Syllabus & Pattern

• What is NDA?
• Syllabus for NDA
• Exam Pattern for NDA

How to apply for NDA

• Eligibility Criteria for NDA
• Application Fee for NDA

Important Dates

• Exam Dates for NDA

Results and Cut-off

• Results of NDA 2019
• Cut-off (Expected) for NDA 2019

Selection Process and Interview Round

• Candidate’s Verification
• Medical examination

How to Prepare for NTSE

• Preparation Tips for NDA
• Study Material for NDA
• Sample Papers for NDA
• Previous Years’ Papers for NDA

## What is NDA?

NDA examination is a gateway for candidates to Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the National Defence Academy (NDA).

• It is a national level examination, which is organized two times in a year, i.e. NDA 1 and NDA 2, generally in the month of April and September.
• NDA exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission(UPSC).

## Syllabus for NDA

Maths
1. Trigonometry
2. Algebra
3. Differential Calculus
4. Vector Algebra
5. Integral Calculus and Differential equations
1. Matrices and Determinants
2. Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions
3. Statistics
4. Probability
English
1. Vocabulary
2. Grammar and Usage
3. Comprehension and Cohesion in Extended Text
Physics
1. Motion of Objects
2. Newton’s Laws of Motion
3. Force and Momentum
4. Parallelogram of Forces
5. Stability and Equilibrium of Bodies
6. Gravitation
7. Elementary Ideas of Work
8. Velocity and Acceleration
9. Power and Energy
10. Sound Waves and their Properties
11. Simple Musical Instruments
12. Natural and Artificial Magnets
13. Properties of a Magnet
14. Earth as a Magnet
15. Siphon
16. Levers
17. Balloon
18. Pumps
19. Hydrometer
20. Pressure Cooker
22. Gramophone
23. Telegraphs
24. Telephone
25. Periscope
26. Simple Pulleys
1. Physical Properties and States of Matter
2. Mass
3. Weight
4. Volume
5. Density and Specific Gravity
6. Principle of Archimedes
7. Pressure Barometer
8. Effects of Heat
9. Change of State and Latent Heat
10. Modes of Transference of Heat
11. Rectilinear Propagation of Light
12. Reflection and Refraction.
13. Spherical Mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye
14. Static and Current Electricity
15. Measurement of Temperature and Heat
16. Conductors and Non-conductors
17. Ohm’s Law
18. Simple Electrical Circuits
19. Heating
20. Lighting and Magnetic Effects of Current
21. Measurement of Electrical Power
22. Primary and Secondary Cells
23. Use of X-Rays
Chemistry
1. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon-Dioxide
2. Oxidation and Reduction
3. Material used in the Preparation of Substances Like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder
4. Carbon – Different Forms
5. Physical and Chemical Changes.
6. Symbols, Formulas and Simple Chemical Equations
7. Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems).
1. Properties of Air and Water
2. Acids, Bases and Salts
3. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds
4. Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial
5. Elementary Ideas About the Structure of Atom
6. Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights
7. Valency
General Science
1. Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues
2. Constituents of Food
3. Balanced Diet
4. Achievements of Eminent Scientists
5. Difference Between the Living and Nonliving
6. Elementary Knowledge of Human Body and its Important Organs
1. Food – Source of Energy for Man
2. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
3. Common Epidemics, their Causes and Prevention
4. The Solar System – Meteors and Comets
5. Eclipses.
History
1. Freedom Movement in India
2. Bhoodan
3. Sarvodaya
4. National Integration and Welfare State
5. Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
6. A broad survey of Indian History with Emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
7. Elementary Knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
8. Elementary Study of Indian Constitution and Administration
9. Panchayati Raj
10. Forces Shaping the Modern World
11. Renaissance
1. Exploration and Discovery
2. War of American Independence
3. French Revolution
4. Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution
5. Impact of Science and Technology on Society
6. Concept of One World
7. United Nations
8. Panchsheel
9. Democracy
10. Socialism and Communism
11. Co-operatives and Community Development
12. Role of India in the Present World.
Geography
1. Origin of Earth
2. Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical
3. Earthquakes and Volcanoes
4. Atmosphere and its Composition
5. Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure
6. Rocks and their Classification
7. Planetary Winds
8. Cyclones and Anti-cyclones
9. Humidity
10. Condensation and Precipitation
11. Major Natural Regions of the World
12. Important Sea Ports and Main Sea
13. Land and Air Routes of India. Main Items of Imports and Exports of India
1. Types of Climate
2. The Earth : Its Shape and Size
3. Latitudes and Longitudes
4. Concept of Time
5. International Date Line
6. Movements of Earth and their Effects
7. Ocean Currents and Tides
8. Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural Vegetation
9. Mineral and Power Resources
10. Location and Distribution of Agricultural and Industrial Activities.
Current Events
1. Current Important World Events
2. Knowledge of Important Events That Have Happened in India in the Recent Years
3. Prominent Personalities – Both Indian and International Including Those Connected with Cultural Activities and Sports.

## Exam Pattern for NDA

• NDA 2019 will be conducted offline on April 21, 2019.
• NDA has two exams: Mathematics (300 marks) and General Knowledge (600).
• The time duration for each paper is 2 hours and 30 minutes.
• Each paper has Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs).

The following table has further information regarding duration, number of sections and number of questions:

Mathematics General Knowledge
Exam duration 2 hours and 30 minutes 2 hours and 30 minutes
No. of sections 1 2 (English and General Knowledge)
Total no. of questions 120 150
Total marks 300 600 (English (200) + GK (400))
Marking scheme 2.5 for correct and -0.83 for incorrect 4 for correct and -1.33 for incorrect
Medium English and Hindi English for English section. English and Hindi for GK section
You can go through the above bifurcation for clarity on the exam pattern of NDA 2019.
The general knowledge section of NDA 2019 consists of the following topics:
• Physics (100 marks)
• Chemistry (60 marks)
• General Science (40 marks)
• History and Freedom Movement (80 marks)
• Geography (80 marks)
• Current Events (40 marks)

## Eligibility Criteria for NDA

There are various parameters on the basis of which the candidates’ eligibility is checked so that, they can appear for the exam and proceed further.
• Nationality:

As per the nationality standards set by UPSC for NDA 2019, candidates must be:

• Indian citizens
• Subject of Bhutan
• Subject of Nepal
• Tibetan refugee who came to India prior to January 1, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India.
• A PIO (Person of Indian Origin), who has come back from Burma, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Uganda, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention to settle down permanently in India.
• Age Limit
• Only unmarried male candidates can apply for this exam who are not born before 2nd January 2000 and not after 1st January 2003, are eligible to appear for NDA 2019 conducted by UPSC.
• For NDA-I 2019, students must have born between 2nd January 2000 to 1st July 2003.
• For NDA-II 2019, students must have born between 2nd January 2001 to 1st July 2004.
• You should enter your date of birth as recorded in the matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognized by an Indian University.
• Educational Qualification
1. For the Army wing
• You must have passed Class 12 or cleared equivalent examination of the State board to be eligible for NDA 2019.
2. For the Air Force wing, Naval wings and 10+2 cadet entry scheme at the Indian Naval Academy
• You must have passed Class 12 with Physics and Mathematics as subjects or cleared equivalent examination of the state board to be eligible for NDA 2019.
• Candidates who are appearing in Class 12 or equivalent examination of the state board are also eligible for NDA 2019.
• Registration for NDA:
• You can access the application form of NDA 2019 on the website of UPSC.
• You can apply online to register for the exam.
• There are some points that you need to keep in mind while registering for NDA 2019:
• Form for NDA 1 2019 will be available from 9th January 2019 and for NDA 2 2019 will be available from 7th August 2019.
• Fill in the information carefully, as no changes will be allowed thereafter.
• All the necessary scanned copies of the documents should be accessible, while registering for the test.
• Note down the registration number once you have registered successfully.
• You must not send any printed form to UPSC.

## Application Fee for NDA

• The application fee is Rs. 100/- for General and OBC students.
• SC/ST candidates and wards of NCOs/ JCOs/ORs are not required to pay any application fee.
• The fee payment can be done via online mode (VISA/Master/Debit Card and Net banking) or via offline mode (through e-challan of SBI Bank).

• The authority will release NDA 2019 admit cards online.
• You have to visit http://www.upsc.gov.in to download NDA Hall Ticket 2019.
• To download the admit card, you have to fill up details like date of birth, roll number etc.
• The admit card will contain details like your name, roll number, exam centre, exam date, timing etc.
• Without the admit card, you will not be permitted to appear for the examination.

## Exam Dates for NDA 2019

NDA exam dates for the 2019 session are provided below:
NDA (1) NDA (2)
Notification issue date 2nd January 2019* 25th August 2019*
Application form release date 9th January 2019 7th August 2019
Last date to submit the application form 4th February 2019 3rd September 2019
Admit card issue date March 2019* September 2019*
Exam date 21st April 2019 9th September 2019*
Result declaration date 9th May 2019* November 2019*

* Dates are tentative and subject to change.

## Results of NDA 2019

• NDA 2019 result will be declared on the website, in a PDF format.
• The result of NDA written examination is released one or two month from the exam.
• Marks will be published after 15 days of result declaration.
• Last year 371 candidates cleared NDA exam with the topper scoring 1026 marks out of 1800.
• The result of shortlisted candidates for SSB Interview will be displayed in a PDF format.
• Shortlisted candidates need to appear for the SSB Interview round organized by the Services Selection Board (SSB) of the Ministry of Defence.
• After clearing the SSB interview and other rounds, the final result will be declared.

## Cut-off (Expected) for NDA 2019

• The cutoff for the two cycles of NDA 2019 shall be declared approximately one month after the conduction of exams in both the cycles.
• NDA 2019 cut-off is prepared by UPSC after the declaration of results.
• The candidates who score the minimum qualifying marks of the cut-off are approved for further processes of SSB.
Year NDA (1) NDA (2)
2019 260 NA
2018 288 229
2017 306 269
2016 348 368
2015 337 313
2014 333 322

## Selection Process and Interview Round for NDA 2019 Stroke 396

• The selection process in the National Defense Academy is a two-stage process.
• Stage 1 is the written examination i.e. NDA 2019 test
• Stage 2 is the SSB interview stage
• The complete recruitment decisions in the NDA are based on marks scored out of 900, collectively in both the stages.
• After stage 2 is complete, a final merit list of recruited candidates is generated by the UPSC.

• The SSB interview will be conducted in 2 stages for 5 days
• Stage 1 comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating, picture perception and description test
• Stage 2 comprises of GTO tasks, psychology tests, interview and conference

## Candidate’s Verification

After the personal interview round, eligible candidates need to appear for the verification round. The qualified candidates have to present the required original documents along with 1 set of photocopies of the required documents at Services Selection Center (SSC).

• Qualification certificate
• Proof of identity (Pan card, voter ID, Aadhar Card, etc.)
• Birth certificate
• Passport size photographs
• Category certificate for the reserved category candidates
• Proof of residence

## Medical examination

Medical examination is the final round in the selection process. You will then be referred to the Board of Service medical officers by the SSB for medical examination. You shall be deemed eligible for recruitment if and only if, you are found to be medically fit.

## Preparation Tips for NDA

• Practice is the key: Practice as much as you can. 70% of your NDA preparation comprises of practice. Toppr offers over 3.5 lakh questions in our question bank to help you learn and strengthen concepts in each chapter.
• Take All-India Level mock tests: Give time-bound mock tests in a completely exam-like environment to improve your efficiency at attempting questions. Toppr offers an All-India Test Series that lets you compete with other students from all over India.
• Clear all your doubts: Don't get stuck with doubts. Discuss and clarify them with Subject Experts at Toppr to get an instant reply.
• Study from the best sources: NCERT and several recommended books for NDA are the minimum resources you need. Toppr offers the best study material from all over the web to help you prepare better.
• Revision is important: When you go through a formula or concept, maintain revision notes in the form of bullet points. Revision will be useful when the exam is close and a good revision pattern will take less time. Normally, without these notes, you would have to go through the entire chapter to understand important points once again.

## Study Material for NDA

Here are some recommended books to help you prepare for NDA :

Physics
• Physics NCERT Textbooks for Classes 10th, 11th and 12th
Chemistry
• NCERT Textbooks
Mathematics
• R.D. Sharma – Objective Mathematics, Part 1 and Part 2 (NCERT difficulty)

## Sample Papers for NDA

Solving sample papers and previous year papers is not only advisable, but also mandatory if you want to stay ahead of the stiff competition in NDA 2019. Solving sample papers will help you to prepare for the expected paper and its pattern while also assisting you in learning efficient time management. You can also assess your own performance by practicing sample papers and judge your level of preparations for NDA 2019.

## Previous Years’ Papers for NDA

Practising previous years’ NDA papers is important as it helps you simulate the real exam. Toppr provides you with a complete set of all question banks from previous years which you can practice to sharpen your skills.

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