MS Access or Microsoft Access is Database Management System (DBMS) by Microsoft. In Microsoft Access, Jet Database Engine is merged with the Graphical User Interface (GUI) and Software development tools. You can create customizable database applications using MS Access with many built-in functions like string, numeric, date, and information functions. MS Access 2016 is a part of the MS Office suite. Here we will learn the basics of MS Access and its designing and implementation in context as an accounting system. Let us get started.
MS Access – What is Microsoft Access?
As we have learned before a Database Management System is a software that helps its users store and effectively manage databases. It is a systematic system/software to create, store, manage, manipulate, retrieves and update any kind of data.
One of the main applications of DBMS is that it can also be used to manage an accounting system. And MS Access is one of the popular DBMS tools that is used for the same. As Microsoft’s primary database program MS Access has many applications in the economic world.
In accounting it may be used for reviewing accounts, tracking down invoices, keeping a check on the creditors of the company, reviewing final accounts at year end etc. MS Access is a very effective tool for financial management and even tax management.
Components of MS Access
There are seven major components of Microsoft Access. When we create a component in Access it is an object, and several similar objects grouped together will constitute a class. Let us take a look at the components.
In MS Access Tables store the data or the information that you feed the program. The data table can be created with the required field names, properties etc as desired by the user. If the table is not created correctly, the database may be slow in giving results or give wrong results entirely. So it is essential the table be created properly and carefully.
Relationships are the connections that form between one or more table. So the relationships can be one-on-one, one-to-many and then of course many-to-many.
Queries are when the user or the programmer requests the database for information. The objects help create a SQL compatible query, which can help store data and retrieve information from the database. Queries can also sort and filter data as per the query statement.
This is an object class which allows the programmer/designer to create a user interface for MS Access. A form is defined by tables and queries.
Once all the data has been entered into the database, the user will want to view the information. For this he can run reports which will allow him to view the information, or summarize the information. The reports can be customized by the user. The source of the information in these reports are the tables and the queries.
Macros are tools on MS Access that allow you to automate tasks on your forms or reports. They are predefined actions that add functionality and efficiency to your database. They can perform a series of actions like open a table, run queries, create reports etc. The command will be performed each time the macro button is clicked on.
These are the foundations of the software that allows the programmer to create a set of predefined instructions called sub-routines. These modules can be used throughout the database, they can be used from anywhere in the database.
Solved Question for You
Q: Every component that is created using access is a subject and several such similar objects constitute a class. True or False?
Ans: MS Acces is a popular DBMS system to create, store and manage databases. Every component that is created using Access is an object and several such objects constitute a class. Access is functionally available with seven object classes.