Saturated Solution – Definitions and Examples

Saturated Solution

A saturated solution is a chemical solution that contains the highest bound solvent level. In a saturated solution, the extra solution will not dissolve. Depending on a multitude of variables, the quantity of fluid that can we can add in a solvent to create a saturated solution.

saturated solution

Variables of  Saturated Solution

The most significant variables are: 

Temperature: the temperature improves the solubility. For instance, in hot water, you can dissolve a lot more salt than in cold water.

Pressure: Increasing pressure in the fluid can force more solvent. Industries and laboratories widely use it in liquid dissolving fluids.

Chemical Composition: Solubility is affected by the type of the solvent and the existence of other chemicals in a pool. You can, for example, dissolve much more water sugar than water salt. Ethanol and water in each other are totally soluble.

Examples of Saturated Solutions

In everyday life, you find saturated alternatives, not just in a chemistry classroom. Also, water does not have to be the solvent. Here are some popular instances: 

  • Saturated carbon dioxide solution in water is a soda. That’s why bubbles form when we remove pressure from carbon dioxide gas.
  • Forms a sticky solution by adding the chocolate powder to milk so that it prevents dissolving.
  • To the stage where the salt grains prevent dissolving, we can introduce it to the melted butter or oil.
  • You can create it if you add enough sugar to your coffee or tea. You’ll understand when the sugar starts dissolving you’ve reached the saturation point. Hot tea or coffee makes it possible to dissolve much more sugar than you can add to a cold drink.
  • In order to create it, we can add sugar to vinegar.

Things that won’t Form Saturated Solutions 

You can’t form it if one substance doesn’t dissolve into another. When you mix salt and pepper, for example, none of them dissolves in the other. It’s all a combination you get. Mixing oil and water together will not create a saturated solution because there is no dissolution of one liquid in the other.

How to Prepare a Saturated Solution?

There is more than one route to find an alternative that is saturated. You can prepare it from scratch, saturate an unsaturated solution, or force a super-saturated solution to lose a certain solution.

  1. Add a liquid solvent until it is no longer dissolved.
  2. Evaporate solvent until it becomes saturated from a blend. The solution is saturated once the fluid begins crystallizing or precipitating.
  3. Add a seed crystal to a super-saturated solution, leaving a saturated solution on the crystal.

Supersaturated Solution

The concept of a supersaturated solution is one that includes more dissolved oxygen than the solvent could normally produce. A minor solution disruption or the implementation of a “plant” or small solvent crystal will prompt surplus solvent crystallization. One manner that supersaturation can happen is through a saturated solution when we thoroughly cool it. If crystal formation does not have a nucleation point, the surplus solvent may stay in solution.

Solved Question for You

Ques. What do we call a solvent that at a specific temperature does not dissolve more solvent?

  1. Saturated solution
  2. Unsaturated solution
  3. Aqueous solution
  4. Supersaturated solution

Answer: A. Saturated solution 

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