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General Awareness > Economics and Governance > Ministers and Portfolio
Economics and Governance

Ministers and Portfolio

India is a large country and that is why it is impossible for one minister to have the entire control of it. Thus, different ministries are formed in India. And each of these ministries has their own portfolio. The cabinet minister is then the head of that department and their decision is considered the final. Below is the list of the ministers and portfolio.

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Ministers and Portfolio

The union minister will not interfere in the matter of the railway or coal department. So, it is necessary that cabinet ministers have their own unique portfolio.

These portfolios contain the various departments in the government. So, one cabinet minister can have more than one department in their portfolio.

Thus, a cabinet minister is given a certain department based on their qualification and experience in the past. Thus, there is never an overlap between the two departments for the cabinet minister.

Ministers and Portfolio

Whenever the election takes place in India either a party is selected. If it has the majority, then it can form its own government or else it has to form a coalition government.

Once the government is formed, the party selects a certain group of ministers which are handled with certain departments.

So, these ministers are cabinet ministers and each has its own departments. Also, there can be a reshuffling of the departments.

Learn more about Constituency and Ministry of Cabinet Ministers here in detail.

Cabinet Ministers and Portfolio

CABINET MINISTERS Departments
Narendra Modi  Department of Space, Personnel,  Department of Atomic Energy, Public Grievances and Pensions, the Important Policy Issues, All remaining Portfolios that are not allocated to any Minister.
Raj Nath Singh Home Affairs
D.V. Sadananda Gowda Statistics and Programme Implementation
Ananthkumar Chemical & Fertilisers, Parliamentary Affairs
Nitin Jairam Gadkari Shipping, Water Resources, Road Transport & Highways, Ganga Rejuvenation, and River Development
Suresh Prabhu Civil Aviation and Commerce and Industry
Harsimrat Kaur Badal Food Processing Industries
Uma Bharati Drinking Water and Sanitation
Ramvilas Paswan Consumer Affairs, Public Distribution, and Food
Maneka Sanjay Gandhi Women & Child Development
Radha Mohan Singh Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
Ravi Shankar Prasad Law and Justice, Information Technology and Electronics
Jagat Prakash Nadda Health and Family Welfare
Anant Geete Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises
Chaudhary Birender Singh Steel
Narendra Singh Tomar Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Mines
Smriti Zubin Irani Textiles
Jual Oram Tribal Affairs
Nirmala Sitharama Defense
Thaawar Chand Gehlot Social Justice & Empowerment
Prakash Javadekar Human Resource Development
Dr. Harsh Vardhan Earth Sciences Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Science and Technology
Dharmendra Pradhan Petroleum and Natural Gas, Entrepreneurship, and Skill Development
Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi Minority Affairs
Piyush Goyal Railways, Coal (Additional charges includes Corporate Affairs and Finance)
Sushma Swaraj External Affairs
Arun Jaitley Minister Without Portfolio

Practice Questions

Q. Which minister in India is in charge of the Human resource department?

A. Narendra Modi

B. Piyush Goyal

C. Prakash Javedkar

D. Sushma Swaraj

Answer: C. Prakash Javedkar

Q. Which minister in India currently looks after the defense and related things?

A. Arun Jaitley

B. Prakash Javedkar

C. Nirmala Sitharama

D. Sushma Swaraj

Answer: C. Nirmala Sitharama

Q. Who is in charge of Health and family welfare portfolio in India?

A. Jagat Prakash Nadda

B. Dr. Harsh Vardhan

C. Arun Jaitley

D. Sushma Swaraj

Answer: A. Jagat Prakash Nadda

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