Power Sharing

Power Sharing

There are two ways of running a government. One is a tyranny – In this, the power is concentrated in the hands of a leader or a king. On the other hand, the other one is a democracy. In this, the power is delegated at different levels. We don’t need to tell you this, but of course, the latter is better. So what is Power Sharing? Now, before you understand why is power sharing so important? Let us learn, what is power sharing and what are the forms of power sharing. So, let’s find out more about Power Sharing.

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Introduction to Power Sharing

Power sharing means the distribution of power among the organs of the government such as the legislature, executive, and judiciary. Power sharing helps in achieving the stability of political order. In power-sharing, power might even be shared at distinct levels such as union, state and local.

Forms of Power Sharing

Power Sharing

Source: Konica Minolta

In a modern democracy, power-sharing arrangements can take many forms.

  • Horizontal distribution of power: In this, the power is shared among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive, and judiciary. This type of power sharing is prevalent in India.
  • Federal government (vertical distribution of power): In this, the power can be shared among governments at different levels. This type of power sharing is prevalent in the USA.
  • Power sharing among different social groups: Power can be shared among social groups such as linguistic and religious groups. For instance, Community government’ in Belgium.
  • Other types of power-sharing: Power sharing is also seen in political parties, pressure groups and movements control or influence those in power.

Terms you need to know

  • Majoritarian: It is a belief that the majority community should be able to rule a country in whichever way it wants.
  • Community Government: A type of Government which is elected by people belonging to one language community is called community government.
  • Prudential: It involves decision making based on prudence, or on a careful calculation of gains and losses.
  • Checks and Balances: In this system, each organ of the government checks the others which results in a balance of power among various institutions
  • Reserved Constituencies: In this, the constituencies are reserved in the Assemblies and the Parliament for minorities in order to give them a fair share in power.
  • Coalition government: When the alliance of two or more parties gets elected and forms a government it is known as the Coalition Government.

Story of Belgium

Belgium is a European country with a population of a little over one crore. In this country, the ethnic composition is complex. Of the total population, 59 percent lives in the Flemish region and speaks the Dutch language. Another 40 percent people live in the Wallonia region and speak French. Remaining one percent of the Belgians speak German.

In the capital city, Brussels, 80 percent people speak French while 20 percent are Dutch speaking. The French-speaking minority community was relatively rich and powerful. This made the Dutch-speaking community angry. From the 1950s to 1960s, there were tensions between the two communities because of these differences.

The Story of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is located south of India. This island nation has a diverse population of two crore people. In Sri Lanka, the major social groups are the Sinhala-speakers (74 percent) and the Tamil-speakers (18 percent). Tamils in Sri Lanka were divided into two groups:

  • Sri Lankan Tamils (13 percent) – Tamil natives of the country
  • Indian Tamils (5 percent) – came from India during the colonial period as plantation workers

Sinhala-speaking people are mainly Buddhists while the Tamil speaking people were either Hindus or Muslims. There was even 7 percent Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala.

Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, the democratically elected government opted for a series of Majoritarian policy measures because they desired Sinhala supremacy. Some of the measures taken were:

  • Sinhala was the only official language.
  • The governments followed preferential policies and Sinhala applicants.

This made the Sri Lankan Tamils feel alienated. As a result of this, the Sri Lankan Tamils launched parties and began struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language. By the 1980s several political organisations were formed. They demanded for an independent Tamil Eelam (state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka. All this soon turned into a Civil War, thereby, causing distress in the nation.

Accommodation in Belgium

From 1970 to 1993, the constitution of Belgian was amended four times. The idea was to work out an arrangement that would make everyone to live together. Key elements of the Belgian model are:

  • The number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government.
  • Certain powers of the central government were given to state governments of the two regions of the country.
  • There was a separate government for Brussels in which both the communities had equal representation.
  • There was a provision of ‘community government’ that was elected by people belonging to one language.

Hence, it was a fairly better alternative than the majoritarian policy of Sri Lanka.

Question for you

Q1: Why power-sharing is desirable?

Ans: Power sharing is good since it helps in the reduction of the possibilities of conflicts between the social groups. In the broader view, power sharing is the very spirit of democracy. Thus, power sharing is good.

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Zeeshan
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Zeeshan

What is the main difference between srilankan and belgian government.

Abs
Guest
Abs

Lol

Deepa
Guest
Deepa

Srilankan government follows majoritarsium – the dominance of majority community by disregarding the wishes and needs of the minority community.
Belgium the government had only one problem that is French speaking people is more in capital place of Belgium that is Brussels.

pari
Guest
pari

good !!!!!!

Balanteacher87@gmail.com
Guest

In belgium minority dominate majority. In Sri Lanka majority dominate minority.

Angel
Guest
Angel

The main difference is Belgium followed a community which is elected by people belonging to one language community Dutch, German and French speaking and Sri Lanka followed majority based government system.

Vedant
Guest

Belgium has one religion but sri Lanka has more religions

Anjan Mohanta
Guest
Anjan Mohanta

In belgium basically Christian relion exist

Aryan
Guest
Aryan

Sri Lanka government gave support to Dutch people and gave admissions and jobs only to Dutch people
But Belgium government gave equal rights to both the social group

Seerat jaan
Guest

Belgium and Sri Lanka’s government

Seerat jaan
Guest

Dutch community is in the Belgium not in Sri lanka . Your answer should be ” Sri Lankan government supports Sinhala speakers and give them the Jobs .
And give them Supremacy “

Dipesh
Guest
Dipesh

Nice

Jaya Rani
Guest
Jaya Rani

In Belgium,leaders thought that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feeling and interest of different communities and regions But Srilankan adopted majoritarian which means only majority group should be rule a country it in way majority group wants by disregarding the wish and needs of the minority. They do not give them equal rights. These are the main difference between srilankan and belgian government.

Jay
Guest
Jay

In Belgium, the government does not follow preferential policies in matters of jobs and education. In Sri Lanka, the government follows preferential policies in matters of government, jobs and education. … In Sri Lanka, the major political parties are not sensitive to the language and culture of the Tamils.

Adarsh Singh
Guest
Adarsh Singh

Sri Lankan government aimed to secure dominace over the minorities while Belgian government wanted to share power with the minorities and allow them equal represenation in the country.

Raj vardhan
Guest
Raj vardhan

In srilanka minority was not given any importance but in Belgium every o ne is treated equally

raghav
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raghav

Is power sharing necessary for good progress in a nation both economically and political affairs?

Kashif
Guest
Kashif

Yes power sharing is very imported for progress

Khushi
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Khushi

Good

Deepali Kumari
Guest
Deepali Kumari

Yes power sharing is good as it leads to better decisions and

Deepali Kumari
Guest
Deepali Kumari

Will u please help me to solve a question

Vivek Rajput
Guest

Not much helpful
But the way of defining topics is interesting

Muskan
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Muskan

Plz try to make small notes or u can say summary

Aizaz
Guest
Aizaz

I agree with you.

Mayank kumar
Guest
Mayank kumar

write outcome the outcome of accommodation in Belgium

Arya
Guest
Arya

It was great and helpful👍👍

Reekzeen
Guest
Reekzeen

Which power sharing model is similar to india and why? (belgium model or sri lanka model)

vaishnavi
Guest

how were ethinic groups in belgium and sri lanka accommodated

vaishnavi
Guest

how were ethinic groups in belgium and sri lanka accommodate

Siddhardha
Guest
Siddhardha

In srilanka evan the government had supported the majoritarian that is Sinhala community and made policies favouring them but in Belgium the government had supported both lingual groups that is French and Dutch speakers and made policies supporting both the groups a solved the problem.

Ladybird
Guest
Ladybird

power-sharing can lead to delay in decision-making, how can the ideology of power-sharing be improved for faster decision making, and what are the disadvantages of power-sharing?

Richa
Guest
Richa

This chapter look interesting

LOL
Guest

I HATE CIVICS

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