Issue of Debentures

Debentures Issued at Premium

A Debenture is nothing but long-term security which yields a fixed rate of interest, issued by a company and secured against assets. Creditworthiness and reputation of the issuer back the debentures. It is an important element or source of fund generation for the corporation and the Government. Debentures issued at Premium is yet another instrument which a company uses to make its debenture more reputable in the market. Hence, Premium along with the basic price shows the high demand for such debentures in the market. At the same time, premium increases the profits of the issuing company.

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Debentures Issued at Premium – What is Premium?!

When securities are issued at a price higher than the nominal value, it is called the ‘Issue of Securities at Premium’. Hence, the excess of issue price over the face value is nothing but the amount of premium or Securities Premium.

The company regards it as a capital profit because it does not happen regularly and credit it to Security Premium Account or Security Premium Reserve Account.

The most noteworthy point is that the company uses the word “Reserve” because this can be used for various purposes.

Browse more Topics under Issue Of Debentures

Finally, Section 52 of the Companies Act, 2013 states that the security premium can only be utilized or for the following purposes:

Debentures issued at premium

1. Firstly, for issuing fully paid bonus shares to the members

2. For writing off preliminary expenses of the company

3. For writing off the expenses or the commission paid or discount allowed on any issue of shares or debentures of the company

4. For providing for the premium payable on the redemption of redeemable preference shares or debentures

5. For purchasing its own shares or buyback of the shares (Sec.77A). Sometimes, the securities are issued at the premium for consideration other than cash. In such cases, the company transfers the sum equal to the amount of premium to “Securities Premium Reserve Account”

Issue of Debentures

A person has to follow a specific process to take some debentures in his own name. It involves the investors applying for debentures according to the prospectus given by the company.

Sometimes, the company asks for the whole amount on application only but mostly the company does it on an installment basis.

Debentures can be issues at 3 different values which are :

1. Debentures issued at par

2.Debentures issued at a premium

3. Debenture issued at a discount

Debentures issued at Premium

Debentures are said to be issued at a premium when the amount collected for it, is greater than the nominal value (face value) of the debentures.

In other terms, it is when the issue price is greater than the face value of the debentures. For Example, Issue of Debenture of Rs.1,000 for Rs.1,200 (Rs.200 being the amount of premium)

There are different journal entries in connection with the issue of debentures:

  • On the receipt of Application Money
  • On allotment, the application money on debentures allotted is transferred to debentures account
  • Amount Due on Allotment (Along with Premium)
  • Receipt of debenture allotment money
  • Amount Due On First Call
  • Receipt of Debentures first call money

Let us understand them in detail.

1. On the receipt of Application Money

Date Particulars L.F. Amount Dr. Amount Cr.
Bank A/c                                                             Dr.  XXX
    To Debentures Application A/c                 Cr.  XXX
(Being the receipt of the application money on debentures @ per debenture)

Note: If the company calls the amount of premium on the application only, then the same entry is passed but this time it will include the amount of premium along with the face value amount of the debenture.

2. On allotment, the application money on debentures allotted is transferred to debentures account

Date Particulars L.F. Amount Dr. Amount Cr.
Debentures Application A/c                            Dr.  XXX
     To Debentures A/c                                       Cr.  XXX
(So Being the transfer of application money on debentures allotted to the debentures account.)

Note: If the company calls for the amount of premium on application only then this entry will be like:

Date Particulars L.F. Amount Dr. Amount Cr.
Debentures Application A/c                            Dr.  XXX
     To Debentures A/c                                       Cr.  XXX
     To Security Premium Reserve A/c           Cr.  XXX
(Hence, Being the transfer of application money along with premium on debentures allotted to the debentures account.)

3. Amount Due on Allotment (Along with Premium)

Date Particulars L.F. Amount Dr. Amount Cr.
Debentures Allotment A/c                               Dr.  XXX
     To Debentures A/c                                       Cr.  XXX
     To Security Premium Reserve A/c           Cr.  XXX
(Being the allotment money along with premium due on debentures)

4. Receipt of debenture allotment money

Date Particulars L.F. Amount Dr. Amount Cr.
Bank A/c                                                              Dr.  XXX
     To Debentures Allotment A/c                    Cr.  XXX
(Being the receipt of debenture allotment money)

5. Amount Due On First Call

Date Particulars L.F. Amount Dr. Amount Cr.
Debentures First Call A/c                                Dr.  XXX
     To Debentures A/c                                       Cr.  XXX
(Being the first call money due on debentures Rs.__)

6. Receipt of Debentures first call money

Date Particulars L.F. Amount Dr. Amount Cr.
Bank A/c                                                           Dr.  XXX
     To Debentures First Call A/c                   Cr.  XXX
(So Being the receipt of debentures 1st call amount)

Note: If there is any second or final call then entries will be similar to the entries of the first call just with a change of name entry to second or final call as the case may be.

Question on Debentures Issued at Premium

Obama Ltd. issued 10,000, 10% Debentures of Rs.100 each, at Rs.120 (Debentures issued at Premium), redeemable at par after 5 years, payable Rs.70 n the application and the balance on the allotment (30+20). The debentures were fully subscribed and all the money was duly received. Prepare Journal.

Solution:

Date Particulars L.F. Amount Dr. Amount Cr.
1. Bank A/c (10000 X 70)                                        Dr. 7,00,000
     To Debenture Application A/c                       Cr. 7,00,000
2. Debenture Application A/c                                 Dr. 7,00,000
     To 10% Debentures A/c                                  Cr. 7,00,000
3. Debenture Allotment A/c                                   Dr. 5,00,000
     To 10% Debentures A/c                                 Cr. 3,00,000
     To Security Premium Reserve A/c              Cr.

(Debentures issued at Premium)

2,00,000
4. Bank A/c                                                                 Dr. 5,00,000
     To Debentures Allotment A/c                       Cr. 5,00,000

Although most of the entries are similar to the case of par, the only difference is the entry with which the premium is associated. It can be associated with either with the application or any of the subsequent entry. As a result, the entry of allotment is different from the basic entries. Above all, the premium is an important aspect.

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