Questions

How do you write an If Statement in Python?

The Python if statement is used to determine whether or not a specific statement or set of statements will be performed. There are various methods to write an if statement in a Python program. These are –

  • Python if statement
  • Python if…else statement
  • Python if…elif…else statement
  • Python nested if statement
  • Python shorthand if statement
  • Python shorthand if…else statement

The simplest of them is the if statement. Its syntax is as follows –

                    

if condition:
     statements(s)

Example

                    

# Python program to check if 2 numbers are equal or not using if statement
a = 25
b = 25

if a == b:
    print('Values are equal')

Output

                    

Values are equal

Another most common if statement in Python is the if…else statement.

Example

                    

# Python program to demonstrate if…else
ch = input('Enter any character: ')
vow = 'aeiouAEIOU'

if ch in vow:
     print("Entered character is a vowel")
else:
     print("Entered character is not a vowel")

Output

                    

Enter any character: f
Entered character is not a vowel

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