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Diversity and Discrimination

What do You Mean by Diversity and Discrimination?

India is a very diverse country. It is well known for its diversity. People who speak different languages live together as a community. People from different caste, creed, religion, gender live together. But do they all get equal rights? Do they get discriminated? Do stereotypes affect the communal harmony? Let’s find out more about Diversity and Discrimination.

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Introduction

India is one of the most religiously and ethnically diverse nations in the world, with some of the most deeply religious societies and cultures. It is also the birthplace of many religions like Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism and other religions. India is home to at least nine recognized religions. The major religions practiced in India are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

diversity

Zoroastrianism, Judaism and the Baha’i Faith are also practiced in India. Officially India has 22 languages i.e. Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Meitei (Manipuri), Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.

However, The Indian census of 1961 recognized 1,652 different languages in India (including languages not native to the subcontinent). There are 22 major languages in India, written in 13 different scripts, with over 720 dialects. There are 3,000 castes and 25,000 subcastes in India, each related to a specific occupation. By this, we can conclude that is extremely diverse.

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Prejudices, Stereotypes, and Discrimination

Differences lead to prejudices. Discrimination happens when people act on their prejudices or stereotypes. Discrimination can be done on the basis of religion, gender, caste, creed, place of birth, language spoken, socioeconomic barrier, etc. Some occupations are considered to be better than other occupations.

Caste rules were set which did not allow the so-called untouchables to take on work, other than what they were meant to do.  A lot of people like Dr. BabaSaheb Ambedkar tried to fight against the discrimination against the people of lower caste. Even the Constitution of India has prohibited discrimination.

Question For You

Q1. The unity in diversity of India is because of _____.

  1. Our long history
  2. Rich heritage
  3. Social division
  4. Option a and option b
  5. None of the above

Sol: The correct answer is option ”c”. The phrase‘unity in diversity’ is coined by Jawaharlal Nehru. This term is very appropriate to describe India, which is, in spite of being diverse with many languages, religions, castes, creed etc. there is a feeling of oneness among people.

The phrase was used by Jawaharlal Nehru in his book ‘Discovery of India’ because all Indians share the same national pride of having India as their motherland in spite of many differences. Among the given options Social Division cannot bring unity among people.

Q2. Which of the following is an example of unity in diversity in India?

  1. The people of India, living in different parts, speak different languages
  2. All Indians share the same national pride of having India as their motherland
  3. Option a and option b
  4. None of the above
 Sol: The correct answer is option ”b”. The phrase ‘unity in diversity’ is coined by Jawaharlal Nehru. This term is very appropriate to describe India, which is, in spite of being diverse with many languages, religions, castes, creed etc. there is a feeling of oneness among people.
The phrase was used by Jawaharlal Nehru in his book ‘Discovery of India’ because all Indians share the same national pride of having India as their motherland in spite of many differences.
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