Exponents and Powers

Laws of Exponents

Laws of Exponents: The distance between the earth and the moon is 1×10km. Here 5 is an exponent to 10. Once we know what 5 stands for we will be able to calculate the distance between the earth and moon! So let’s see what exactly Laws of Exponents are.

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Exponents are a short form to indicate the total times a number is to be multiplied by itself. For instance,  7³ is equal to 7*7*7.  Instead of writing it as this we shorten it and write it as 7³ making it simpler to understand. 7³ is read as ‘7 raised to the power three’ or ‘seven cubed’.

Here 7 is called the base and the power or the exponent is known as the index. For example, in 1254 the base is 12 and the index is 54. This will be read as “twelve raised to the power 54”

Laws of Exponents

Laws of Exponents 

When these exponents are used for mathematical equations they follow a certain set of laws that makes the equations easy to solve and simple to understand.

Browse more Topics under Exponents And Powers

Reciprocal Law

Can that exponent be negative? The answer is yes. It means that when a number has a negative exponent, the given number is a decimal number. If we have a number with negative index, say a−n then we can represent it in terms of a positive index by taking its reciprocal. Thus

a−n = 1/an

Exponent with Fractional Index

Fractional Exponents also called Rational Exponents. In fractional exponent, the numerator is the power to which the number should be taken and the denominator is the root which should be taken.

x1/n = n√x   and   xm/n=n√xm

Product Law of Exponents

According to the product law of exponents when multiplying two numbers that have the same base then we can add the exponents, as

xm.xn xm+n

Quotient Law of Exponents

According to the quotient law of exponents, we can divide two numbers with the same base by subtracting the exponents.

xm÷xn xm-n

Power Law of Exponents

According to the power law of exponents if a number raise a power to a power, just multiply the exponents


Power of Product Rule

The power of product rule states that:


Power of Quotient Rule

The power of product rule states that:

Laws of Exponent at a Glance

Law of Reciprocal a−n=1/an
Exponent with Fractional Index xm/n=n√xm
Product Law of Exponents xm.xn=xm+n
Power of Product Rule (a×b)n=an×bn
Quotient Law of Exponents xm÷xn=xm-n
Power Law of Exponents (xm)n=xmn
Power of Quotient Rule (a/b)n=an/bn

You can download Exponents and Powers Cheat Sheet by clicking on the download button below
Laws of Exponents

Solved Examples for You

Question 1: If x11 = y0 and x=2y, then y is equal to

  1. 1/2
  2. 1
  3. -1
  4. -2

Answer : Option A. x11 = y0 => x11 = 1 => x = 1. Given, x = 2y hence, y = x/2 =1/2

Question: By what number (4)-3 be multiplied so that the product become 1/16?

Solution: 4 Simplest way to to solve this would be:

1/16 = 1/4= (4)-2 

(4)-3 × 4 = (4)-2

Question 3: What are exponents?

Answer: Exponents refer to a short form to denote the total times a number is to be multiplied by itself. For instance, 8³ are equals to 8*8*8.  Thus, in place of writing it as this you shorten it and write it as 7³ thus making it easier to understand. Thus, we read 8³ as ‘8 raised to the power three’ or ‘eight cubed’.

Question 4: How do you solve exponents?

Answer: To solve basic exponents, you need to multiply the base number repeatedly for the number of factors which represent the exponent. If you wish to add or subtract exponents, the numbers must consist of the same base and exponent.

Question 5: What is difference between power and exponent?

Answer: Exponents are often referred to as powers or indices. In simpler terms, power refers to an expression which represents repeated multiplication of the same number while exponent is a quantity which is representing the power to which the number is raised. Thus, both these terms are frequently made use of interchangeably in mathematical operations.

Question 6: What is exponent and base?

Answer: Usually, we use a base number or exponent to represent power. In other words, the base number tells what number is getting multiplied. The exponent is the small number which we write above and to the right of the base number. Thus, it is used for telling how many times the base number is getting multiplied. For instance, you can write 7 to the 8th power as 78

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