General Physical Geography

Physical Features of Geography

You have had geography as a subject, you’ve studied it. But do you know what are the features of geography? What exactly is geography? Let’s find out more about Physical Features of Geography.

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Introduction to Geography

Geography is the study of land, environment, and the earth. Geography is a systematic study of the Universe and its features. It has been associated with cartography and place names. Although many geographers are trained in toponymy and cartology, this is not their main preoccupation.

Geographers study the space and the temporal database distribution of phenomena, processes, and features as well as the interaction of humans and their environment.Geography as a discipline can be split broadly into two main subsidiary fields: human geography and physical geography.

Browse more Topics under General Physical Geography

Physical Geography

Physical geography is one of the two major sub-fields of geography. It is a branch of natural science. It deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.

Physical Geography is also known as geosystem or physiography. The sub-branches 0f physical geography are Geomorphology, Hydrology, Glaciology, Biogeography, Climatology, Paleogeography, Coastal Geography, Oceanography, Quaternary science, Landscape ecology, Geomatics, and Environmental Geography.

Geographical Features

The features that are man-made or naturally-created are known as geographical features. Natural geographical features consist of landforms and ecosystems. For example, terrain types, physical factors of the environment) are natural geographical features.

Conversely, human settlements or other engineered forms are considered types of artificial geographical features. Cartographic features are types of abstract geographical features, which appear on maps but not on the planet itself, even though they are located on the planet. For example, an equator is shown on the map.

Questions For You

Q1. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

  1. A coarser type of sandstone is known as grit.
  2. A conglomerate is the best example of organically formed sedimentary rocks.
  3. Gypsum or calcium sulfate is obtained from the evaporation of salt lake.
  4. Mechanically formed sedimentary rocks have been formed from the accumulation of materials derived from other rocks which have been cemented together.

Sol: The correct answer is the option ”b”. All the statements are true except the statement which says conglomerate is the best example of organically formed sedimentary rocks.

Q2. Sedimentary rocks are formed from sediment accumulated over long periods, usually under water. Choose correct statement(s) regarding it
(1) Sedimentary rocks are classified into three main categories.
(2) Origin and composition form the basis of classification.
(3) It has the highest chance of retaining fossils.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

  1. Only 1
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Sol: The correct answer is the option ”d”. Sedimentary rocks are formed from sediment accumulated over long periods, usually under water. Sedimentary rocks are classified into three main categories i.e. origin and composition form the basis of classification. It has the highest chance of retaining fossils.

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