NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 – The Indian Constitution
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 is not only the beginning of the First Chapter of the Civics in standard 8. But also, is a new beginning to know more about the Constitution and Politics. The Chapter will not only help you to learn new topics. But also let you grasp knowledge about these topics. Apart from that, they come in handy in times of need.
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CBSE Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution NCERT Solutions
The Constitution is the absolute rule and regulation of the country. Also, they frame procedures, fundamental principles, practices, powers, duties, and rights of the government. Apart from that, the Parliament cannot take priority over it. Also, it conveys Constitutional supremacy, not the Parliamentary supremacy.
India has the world largest constitution. When it’s commenced it has 395 articles, 22 parts, and 8 schedules. Also, it has around 1,45,000 words which make it the world’s second active constitution.
Sub-topics covered under NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1
1.1 Why Does a Country Need a Constitution?
1.2 The Indian Constitution: Key Features
1.2.2 Parliamentary Form of Government
1.2.3 Separation of Power
1.2.4 Fundamental Rights
Explanation of Sub-topics
1.1 Why Does a Country Need a Constitution? – This division explains why any country needs a constitution. And also, what purpose the constitution serves.
1.2 The Indian Constitution: Key Features- This division explains the various key features that you can only find in the Indian constitution.
1.2.1 Federalism- This subdivision explains the need and importance of more than one government in the country. Also, they function at different level like state and central.
1.2.2 Parliamentary Form of Government- This subdivision explains that the government is not elected by politicians but by the public. By means of voting, they choose their representatives.
1.2.3 Separation of Power- Explains that the government power divides into three parts namely legislature, judiciary, and executive.
1.2.4 Fundamental Rights- Explains the basic rights of every citizen who is older than 18 years of age. Also, fundamental rights give everyone equal rights. Apart from that, Fundamental rights are six in numbers.
1.2.5 Secularism- Explains that the state promotes the interest of everyone in it. Besides, it does not give importance to any one religion, caste or believe, etc.
The member of the constituent assembly signed a copy of the constitution on 24 January 1950.
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Solved Questions For You:
Question 1. In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.
(a) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.
(b) In a city, 5 per cent of the population are Buddhists.
(c) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 per cent are vegetarians.
(d) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.
(a) In this case, the female teachers are in a minority. Views of female teachers should be given due importance in order to prevent male dominance and patriarchy in the school.
(d) In this case, students from poor families are in a minority. They may suffer from an inferiority complex and may be subject of rebuke by the students from affluent families.
Question 2. What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?
Answer: A democratic country needs a Constitution because:
Question 4. You read that one of the main functions of the judiciary is upholding the law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights. Why do you think an independent judiciary is necessary to carry out this important function?
Answer: The independence of the judiciary allows the courts to play a central role in ‘upholding the law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights’ as it ensures that there is no misuse of power by the legislature and the executive. Anyone can approach the courts if they believe that their rights have been violated and Politicians or other socially powerful people cannot use their power to change any judgment.