NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 2: Physical Features of India
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CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 2 – Physical Features of India NCERT Solutions
The physical feature of India refers to the variety of the landform and the different type of regions and features that India possesses.
Sub-topics covered under NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 2
2.1 Major Physiographic Divisions
This topic tells about the major physiographic division of Indian plateau. The physiographic division divides into 6 different regions.
2.1.1 The Himalayan Mountains
This mountain range lies in the northern region of India. And they stretch to an area of about 2,400 km and their width varies from 400 km to 150 km. The mountain range divides into three parallel ranges namely, Himadari, Himachal, and Dhaula Dhar.
- Himadari- Ranges consist of loftiest mountains that have an average height of 6000 meters. All famous Himalayan peaks lie in it.
- Himachal- These are the most rugged range that is made up of altered and highly compressed rocks. And their altitude varies from 3700 to 4500 meters.
- Dhaula Dhar- These are the lowest peaks that consist of the valleys of Kashmir, Kullu, and Kangra. Besides, this region is known for its hill stations.
- Shiwaliks- Refers to the outer-most range of Himalayas.
Moreover, these ranges are divided based on the region from east to west. And river valleys distinguish this region. And there are various details about this river valley distribution.
2.1.2 The Northern Plains
The three rivers namely Ganga, Indus, and the Brahmaputra play a major role in the formation of these plains. Generally, this area has the most fertile Alluvial soil. It covers an area of 7 lakh sq. km. Also, the plain is densely populated. And it’s the most productive part of India about agriculture. Due to the favorable climate and adequate supply of water this region is most fertile. Broadly these plain divides into three sections.
- Punjab Plains- This refers to the plain formed by the Indus and its tributaries. These plains lie in the western part of the northern plain.
- Ganga Plains- This plain formed by extends of Teesta and Ghaggar rivers. And it is spread over the plains of North India.
- Brahmaputra Plains- This plain lies in the east particularly in Assam.
And in this topic, various other terms related to soil are described.
2.1.3 The Peninsular Plateau
These plains consist of metamorphic, igneous, and crystalline rocks. They formed due to the drifting and breaking of Gondwana land. They are broad consists of two divisions.
- The Central Highlands- This is a bio-geographic zone that consists of Malwa, Chota Nagpur, and Deccan plateaus.
- Deccan Plateau- It’s a large area between southern and western India.
- Western Ghats- Lies on the western coast.
- Eastern Ghats- Lies on the eastern coast.
2.1.4 The Indian Desert
These lie in the western part of India. Besides, sand dunes enclose these sandy plains. Apart from that, the area receives very little rainfall and the climate is hot.
2.1.5 The Coastal plains
This coastline runs along the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. Above all, it consists of three sections listed below:
- Konkan- The northern part of the coast.
- Kannad Plain- The central part of the coast.
- Malabar Coast- the southern part of the coast.
2.1.6 The Islands
There are numerous islands in the Indian Ocean. These islands are small and big and known as the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep.
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