NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1 – French Revolution
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1 PDF can be downloaded from this article. French Revolution is the chapter in which you will learn about the French Society, what is the role of women in the french revolution, how did slavery abolish in France. We will also learn about how France abolished the monarchy and became a republic.
It is important to know about the revolution around the world. Every student should be aware of all the concepts and topics. And that is why we recommend NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1. You can download it on the Toppr app for Android and iOS.
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CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 – French Revolution NCERT Solutions
This chapter will first introduce you to the french society of the eighteenth century, in which we will learn about the King Loius XVI and how society was divided into three estates – Workers, Middle Class, and Peasants. We will also see how an increase in population led to a food crisis and a subsistence crisis. Let us have a look at the sub-topics covered under this chapter.
Sub-topics covered under NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1
- 9.1 French Society During the Late Eighteenth Century
- 9.2 Growth of Middle Class
- 9.3 The Outbreak of the Revolution
- 9.4 France Became a constitutional Monarch
- 9.5 French abolishes Monarchy and Establishes Republic
- 9.6 Reign of Terror
- 9.7 Women role in France Revolution
- 9.8 Abolition of Slavery
- 9.9 The Revolution and Everyday Life
We will also see the role of women in the French Revolution. Women used to be laundresses, sold flowers, groceries, fruits, and more. But due to the reign of terror women’s uprising was banned by the government. Though, in 1946 they won their voting rights back.
In the last part of this chapter, we will see how the abolition of censorship was the most important step in the french revolution and the contributions of great leaders like Rajarammohan Roy and Tipu Sultan.
You can watch the detailed video lectures on this chapter on our app. We have also converted the chapters into interesting stories for students. The teaching technique of our teachers is very interesting and amazing. It helps you remember everything and understand difficult concepts easily.
You can download NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1 PDF by clicking on the download button below
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Solved Questions For You:
Question 1. Describe the circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France.
Answer: The circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France were:
Social Inequality: French society in the eighteenth century was divided into three estates namely The Clergy, The nobility and third estates which comprise peasants, officials and small business. It was only third estates that pay taxes. Clergy and nobility were exempt from taxes.
Subsistence Crisis: The population of France also increased from 23 million in 1715 to 28 million in 1789. Foodgrains were now in great demand. Price of bread shot up. Wages did not keep pace with rising prices. This led to a subsistence crisis.
Economic Problems: Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. France had a debt of more than 2 billion lives. To meet its regular expenses, such as the cost of maintaining an army, the court, running government offices or universities, the state was forced to increase taxes.
Strong Middle Class: The middle class emerged educated and wealthy during the eighteenth century. They believed that no group in society should be given privileges by birth. Ideas of equality and freedom were put forward by philosophers. The ideas of these philosophers were discussed intensively in salons and coffee houses and spread among people.
Immediate Causes: On 5 may, 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. Third estates protested against this proposal but as each estate have one vote, the king rejected this appeal. They walked out of the assembly.
Question 2. Answer the following questions-
- Which group of French society benefited from the revolution?
- Which group were forced to relinquish power?
- Which section of the society would have been disappointed with the outcome of the revolution?
- The middle class or the richer members of the Third Estate consisting of merchants, traders, lawyers and rich peasants benefited the most from the French Revolution; feudal obligations were no longer to be honoured by the Third Estate. Tithes, the tax is given to the Church, were abolished.
- The clergy and nobility were the groups which were forced to relinquish power. Now they could not collect taxes and their lands were confiscated.
- The poorer sections of the third estate and women were disappointed with the outcome of the French revolution because their aspirations were not properly fulfilled, example women were not given voting rights. Poor men who did not have fulfilled property or who did not pay taxes were not allowed to vote.
Question 3. Draw up a list of democratic rights we enjoy today whose origins could be traced to the French Revolution.
We can trace the origin of the following democratic rights we enjoy today to the french revolution:
- Right to Equality
- Right to Freedom
- Freedom of Speech and expression
- Right against exploitations
- Right to justice
Question 4. Describe the legacy of the French Revolution for the people of the world during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Answer. The ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution. These spread from France to the rest of Europe during the nineteenth century, where feudal systems were abolished. It inspired the Germans, Italians, and Austrians to overthrow their oppressive regimes. The French Revolution inspired the struggling nations of Asia and Africa who were groaning under the oppression of European colonialism. Tipu Sultan and Rajaram Mohan Roy are two examples of individuals who responded to ideas coming from the French revolution.