In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO CLASSES completely FREE to prevent interruption in studies
Issue, Forfeiture, Reissue of Shares

Types of shares

Share Capital means the amount that a company receives towards Share Capital from the issue of shares, both Equity and Preference Share. The company divides its capital into units of smaller denominations (such as ₹ 1, ₹ 2, ₹ 5, ₹ 10 or ₹ 100).  We call each such unit a Share.

Suggested Videos

Play
Play
Arrow
Arrow
ArrowArrow
Objectives of Business
Levels of Management
Slider

                                                                               

Types of Shares

Section 43 of the Companies Act, 2013 prescribes that Share Capital of a company broadly can be of two types

  1. Preference Shares
  2. Equity Shares
  3. Preference Shares [ Section 43(b) of the Companies Act, 2013]

Those shares which carry preferential rights are Preference Shares. Following are the preferential rights of preference shares

  • Preferential right to receive the dividend, this means that companies will firstly make payment to the person holding preference shares at a fixed rate or their amount is fixed. They receive dividend before Equity Shareholders.
  • Return on capital on the winding up of the company before that of equity shares.

 

Share

Classes of Preference Shares with reference to:

  • Dividend
  • Participation in Surplus Profits
  • Convertibility
  • Redemption

Let us know these classes in detail

Classes of Preference Shares with reference to Dividend

With reference to Dividend preference shares are of two types:

1. Cumulative Preference Shares

Cumulative Preference Shares are those Preference Shares which carry right to receive arrears of dividend before the company makes payment to Equity Shareholders.

2. Non- Cumulative Preference Shares

Non-Cumulative Preference Shares do not carry any rights for receiving arrears of the dividend.

 

Classes of Preference Shares With reference to Participation in Surplus Profits

With reference to Participation in Surplus Profits Preference Shares are of two types:

1. Participating Preference Shares

The Articles of Association of a company may provide that after the company pays the dividend to the Equity Shareholders, the holders of Preference Shares will also have a right to participate in the remaining profits.

The Preference Shares who carries this right are called Participating Preference Shares.

2. Non-Participating Preference Shares

Preference Shares which do not carry the right to participate in the profits remaining after Equity Shareholders are paid are called Non-Participating Preference Shares.

Classes of Preference Shares With reference to Convertibility

With reference to Convertibility Preference Shares are of two types:

1. Convertible Preference Shares

Those Preference Shares which have the right to be converted into Equity Shares are called Convertible Preference Shares.

2. Non-Convertible Preference Shares

Non-Convertible Preference Shares do not have the right to be converted into Equity Shares.

Classes of Preference Shares With reference to Redemption

With reference to Redemption Preference Shares are of two types:

1. Redeemable Preference Shares

Redeemable Preference Shares are those Preference Shares which are redeemed by the company at a specific time (not exceeding 20 years from the date of issue) for the repayment or earlier. We call this repayment of the amount as Redemption.

2. Irredeemable Preference Shares

The amount returned by the company at the time of wind up to the holders of such shares is called Irredeemable Preference Shares.

Equity Shares

Equity Shares are those shares which are other than Preference Shares. These are the most common class of shares that issues and carries maximum ‘risks and rewards’ of the business.

If a company incur a loss than risk is of losing part or all the shares and rewards being payment of higher dividends and appreciation in the market value.

Solved Example for you

Q. Differentiate between Preference Shares and Equity Shares.

Ans.

Basis Preference Shares Equity Shares
Right to Dividend The company pays preference shares’ dividend before equity shares. They receive dividend after preference shares.
Rate of Dividend Maybe fix the rate of dividend Board of Directors proposes a rate of dividend every year.
Arrears of Dividend If Preference Shares are Cumulative Preference Shares, the company pays its arrear of dividend before Equity Shares. The company declares dividend every year. In case, it does not declare them during the year, it pays it in the coming years.
Convertibility If terms of issue provide, then only the company can convert Preference Shares into Equity Shares. Equity Shares are not convertible.
Redemption Preference Shares redeems on the due date. The company may buy-back its Equity Shares.
Voting Rights Only in special circumstances Preference Shares have voting rights. Equity Shareholders have voting rights in all the circumstances.
Refund of Capital Refund of capital on the winding up of the company before that of Equity Shares. The company pays Equity Share capital only on winding up.
Right to Participate in Management Preference Shareholders do not have the right to participate in the management of the company. Equity Shareholders have the right to participate in the management of the company.

 

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
tutor
tutor
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology
tutor
tutor
Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry
tutor
tutor
Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of

Stuck with a

Question Mark?

Have a doubt at 3 am? Our experts are available 24x7. Connect with a tutor instantly and get your concepts cleared in less than 3 steps.
toppr Code

chance to win a

study tour
to ISRO

Download the App

Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go.

Get Question Papers of Last 10 Years

Which class are you in?
No thanks.