Currently, as of today, there are 195 countries in the world. We see a lot of diversity and variety when we look at these countries individually. And there are bound to be comparisons. In fact, there are organizations in the world that conduct a survey of the countries of the world. Let us see a few of these findings.
Quality of Life
Quality of Life is measured by a Social Progress Index. It takes into consideration basic human needs (such as medical care, sanitation etc), opportunities afforded to their citizens and consider foundations of wellbeing (like access to education, technology etc).
This study threw up a surprise, where many big countries did not make the top ten list. The country with the highest quality of life was actually Finland. It scored high on all three criteria and had a Social Progress Index of 90.09. They were closely followed by Canada and Denmark, with Australia and Switzerland rounding off the top five. India’s rank was a lowly 133.
Finland here to tops the rankings. They have a unique no banding system in their classrooms. All pupils regardless of their level of IQ are taught in the same classroom. They have almost none homework for their students. And there is only one mandatory exam, that students take at 16.
Finland is followed by Switzerland (famous for its private schools), Belgium and Singapore.The Netherlands will round off the top five, and the Dutch children are also the happiest in the world according to a UNICEF survey. India’s rank is a very disappointing 145th. This just proves that our country has a very long way to go as far as the education system is concerned. India’s literacy rate is also 168th.
Now as we know India is the second most populous nation in the world, behind China. But we rank 32nd in population density! Population density means the number of humans living in an area of one square kilometer.
The nation with the highest population density is Macau (China). Here an estimated 21,339 people live per square km. Next in line are Monaco and then Singapore and Hong Kong. In India, the population may be somewhere around 1.2 billion, but the population density is 405 people per km.
Life expectancy is the estimated average number of years a person is expected to live under normal circumstances. This number is a good indicator of the health and welfare conditions of a country. The global average life expectancy is around 71.5 years.
The country ranked highest is Japan, where life expectancy is around 83.7 years. Then we come to Switzerland (83.4 years), Singapore (83.1 years) and Australia (82.8 years) and Spain (82.8 years)
India again has a dismal ranking of 125. The life expectancy of a citizen of India is around 68.3 years which is far below the global average. In spite of great economic growth and development of our country, the life expectancy remains low. Our infant mortality rate is also very high( 34 per 1000 births), almost three times that of China. Even in this day and age, we find it difficult to provide basic medical care to our citizens.
Solved Question for You
Q: Infant mortality rate is ______.
- the ratio of number deaths of children under 3 months to the number of live births
- a ratio of number deaths of children under 6 months to the number of live births
- a ratio of number deaths of children under 1 year to the number of live birth
- the ratio of number deaths of children under 1 year to the number of children below 5 year
Ans: The correct option is “C”. India’s infant mortality rate is very high at 34 deaths per 1000 births