What is a Pronoun? How are the pronouns different from the nouns? And what are the various kinds of pronoun? It’s good to know these answered if you don’t. So, let’s find out more about pronouns in the section below.
What is a Pronoun?
Ever questioned and failed to understand the meaning of a pronoun? Well, a pronoun is a word which is used in place of a noun, that is, it cannot be used until the noun has been used or mentioned. In other words,
Pronoun = Pro (instead of) + Noun
Pronoun means for a noun.
For Example: Look at Akshath. Akshath is dancing. Astitva and Aman have come to see Akshath. Astitva and Aman are glad to see Akshath dancing. Akshath is also glad to meet Astitva and Aman after such a long time.
The above example can be written as – ‘Look at Akshath. He is dancing. Astitva and Aman have come to see him. They are glad to see him dancing. He is also glad to meet them after such a long time.’ The words he and him have replaced the noun Akshath. ‘They’ and ‘them’ have replaced the nouns Astitva and Aman.
There are ten different kinds of Pronouns :
|Types of Pronoun||Examples|
|Personal Pronoun||I, we, he, she, they|
|Possessive Pronoun||Mine, Ours, Yours, His, Hers, Theirs|
|Reflexive Pronoun and Emphatic Pronoun||Myself, ourselves, yourself, herself, themselves|
|Demonstrative Pronoun||This, that, these, those, it|
|Indefinite Pronoun||Any, one, anyone, someone, some, no one, anybody, somebody, many, everyone, all|
|Distributive Pronoun||Each, Either, Neither|
|Reciprocal Pronoun||Each, other, One, Another|
|Interrogative Pronoun||Who, whose, whom, which what|
|Relative Pronoun||Who, whose, whom, which, that|
When a Pronoun is used instead of a person, it is referred to as a Personal Pronoun. Personal Pronouns can be used for different persons and cases. It can be used for 1st Person, 2nd Person, and even 3rd Person.
( Nominative )
( Objective )
|1st Person||I||Me||My and Mine|
|We||Us||Our and Ours|
|2nd Person||You||You||Your and Yours|
|3rd Person||He||Him||His and His|
|She||Her||Her and Hers|
|They||Them||Their and Theirs|
|It||It||Its and Its|
Though basically Pronouns, my, our, your, his, her and their are Possessive Adjectives for their function.
There is another type of Pronoun called Impersonal Pronoun (e.g. ‘it’). A few sentences showing the use of these pronouns:
- It is the opinion of the public.
- The dog fell and broke its arm.
- He deserves his punishment as he knew it.
- It is easy to say but hard to do.
A Pronoun is also called Possessive Pronoun as it denotes possession. In a wider sense, Possessive Pronouns are –
|My and Mine|
|Our and Ours|
|Your and Yours|
|His and His|
|Her and Hers|
|Their and Theirs|
|Its and Its|
|I – Myself||We – Ourselves|
|You – Yourself||You – Yourselves|
|He – Himself||She – Herself|
|It – Itself||They – Themselves|
Demonstrative Pronouns are used to point out the objects to which they refer. For example- These books are not as interesting as those books.
In order to refer to persons or things one at a time, Distributive Pronouns are used. For example- Each of the boys is healthy.
For example- Whose is this book? What is a Pronoun? Whom do you like? Who do you like?
Question For You
Q1: Choose the appropriate Pronouns from the brackets and complete the sentences:
- __ went to school. (me, mine, I)
- __ am talking to __ friend. (my, me, I, mine)
- Can you run as fast as __? (he, his, him)
- Tell __ about __ dream. (me, our, your)
- I went to school.
- I am talking to my friend.
- Can you run as fast as him?
- Tell me about your dream.