Pronouns are one of the most basic parts of English grammar. Do you know what are the various types of pronoun? And what exactly is a pronoun? Let’s find out more about demonstrative, indefinite, distributive, and other types of pronoun.
Introduction to Pronoun
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Types of Pronoun
There are ten different types of Pronoun:
We use demonstrative pronouns to point out the objects to which they refer. For example,
- This is a present from my elder brother.
- These are merely excuses.
- Darjeeling tea is better than that of Assam.
- These mangoes are not as sour as those mangoes.
We use Indefinite Pronouns in order to refer to persons or things in a general way, not to refer to any particular person or thing. Some examples are:
- Anybody can do this easy task.
- One must not praise oneself.
- None of the boys is (are) wicked.
- None but the brave deserves the fair.
- Many of them were injured but a few escaped unhurt.
- None of them has (have) come back yet. (‘None’ is a shortened form of not one, yet it is commonly used with plural verbs)
- What is everybody’s business is nobody’s business?
In referring to anybody, everybody, everyone, anyone, each, etc. the Pronoun he or she, his or her is used according to the context.
- I shall be glad to help every one of the boys in his studies.
- I shall be glad to help every one of the girls in her studies.
But when the sex is not determined from the context, we use pronouns of the masculine gender.
- Each must do his best.
- Everyone likes to have his way.
- Anyone can do this if he tries.
But we cannot use his or her in case of ‘one’:
- One must do one’s duty (not, his)
We use distributive pronouns in order to refer to persons or things one at a time. For this reason, they are always singular –
Note 1: Either means the one or the other of the two. Neither is the negative of either.
- Each of the boys is healthy.
- Either of the roads leads to the market.
- Neither of the girls was late.
Note 2: The pronoun each may have three positions:
- Each of the boys received a prize.
- These boys each received a prize.
- These boys received ten rupees.
The third order is usually placed after a numeral.
Note 3: In the following sentence each, either, and neither are adjectives, not pronouns.
- Each boy got a prize. (each boy separately)
- There are trees on either side of the river. (either side = on both the sides)
- Neither accusation is true. (neither = bit any one of the two)
Question For You
Q: Fill in the distributive pronouns and demonstrative pronoun and Indefinite Pronoun in the following:
- ____ of these answers is correct.
- ____ of these roads leads to the airport.
- ____ are my books.
- ____ are the boys who bullied my friend.
- ____ individual is different.
- ____ of the keys opens the door.
- ____ answer is correct.
- ____ is the boy who got the first prize.
- ____ is my house.
- ____ can take me home.
- ____ of us are out.
- ____ might come for help.
- Each of these answers is correct.
- Each of these roads leads to the airport.
- These are my books.
- Those are the boys who bullied my friend.
- Each individual is different.
- Neither of the keys opens the door.
- Either answer is correct.
- This is the boy who got the first prize.
- This is my house.
- Anybody can take me home.
- None of us is out.
- Someone might come for help.