In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO CLASSES completely FREE to prevent interruption in studies
Bank Reconciliation Statements

Preparation of BRS

Bank Reconciliation Statement is a statement which is prepared on a particular date to reconcile the Bank Balance as per Cash Book and Bank Balance as per Pass Book or Bank Statement by showing reasons for differences between the two. Herein we will discuss the topic related to the preparation of BRS.

Suggested Videos

Play
Play
Arrow
Arrow
ArrowArrow
Objectives of Business
Levels of Management
Slider

 

Preparation of BRS

Need for Preparation of BRS

A Bank Reconciliation Statement is needed and is important because of the following reasons:

  • It helps in knowing the actual Bank balance.
  • It helps in discouraging the staff from embezzlement.
  • Helps in identifying the reason for differences in the Cash Book and the Pass Book.
  • It helps in identifying any undue delay in the clearance of cheques.
  • Helps in detecting and preventing frauds and errors in recording the Banking transactions.
  • It helps in incorporating certain expenditures/income debited/credited by Bank in the books of accounts.

Methods of Preparation of BRS

There are two methods for the preparation of BRS:

  • Rules of Addition and Subtraction
  • Debit and Credit Method.

Preparation of BRS

Source: freepik.com

Steps in Preparing BRS

While preparing a Bank Reconciliation Statement one has to follow a systematic approach. They should ensure that the entries in the Cash Book are updated on a regular basis. Also, prepare the Bank Reconciliation statements at regular intervals.

Following are the steps in the preparation of BRS

  • First, Identify the balances and the character thereof. In Cash Book, a debit balance means asset whereas a credit balance means a Bank overdraft. But, in Bank passbook, it’s reverse. In Pass Book, a debit balance means overdraft and a credit balance is a favorable balance. This must be carefully understood.

  • Accordingly, start with the balance (or overdraft) as per one book and arrive at the balance (or overdraft) as per the other book. The items showing differences will be added to or deducted from the balance (or overdraft) with which the reconciliation is started.
  • The end result should be the balance (or overdraft) as per the other book, e. g. if you start with balance as per Cash Book, then after adding or deducting items of differences, you should arrive at the balance (or overdraft) as per the Pass Book.
  • While preparing BRS one has to make sure that all the items of differences from Cash Book as well as Bank book are taken into account in the reconciliation statement.
  • Which items of differences should be added or deducted will depend on the sequence you follow.

This is shown in the following table given below:

Particulars Bal. as per CB OD as per CB Bal. as per PB OD as per PB
Cheques deposited in Bank but not credited  by the bank Less Add Add Less
Cheques issued but not presented for payment Add Less Less Add
Interest charged by the bank not recorded in the Cash Book Less Add Less Add
Payments by Bank debited in Pass Book only Less Add Add Less
Direct payment by the customer in Pass Book only Add Less Less Add
Bills discounted & dishonored in Pass Book only Less Add Add Less
Cheques deposited, dishonored in Pass Book only Less Add Add Less
Interest, Dividend, Commission not recorded in the Cash Book collected by Bank Add Less Less Add
Overcasting of payment side or Undercasting of Receipt

the side of Cash Book

Add Less Less Add
Undercasting of Payment side or overcasting of Receipts

the side of Cash Book

Less Add Add Less
Deposits recorded twice or excess amount recorded in

the Cash Book

Less Add Add Less
Undercasting of credit side or overcasting of the debit side of the Pass Book Less Add Add Less
Cheques deposited  and credited without recording in the Cash Book Add Less Less Add
Wrong debit in the Pass Book for an issue of a cheque, Bank charges, etc. Less Add Add Less
Wrong credit in the Pass Book for deposit of cheque, interest, etc. Add Less Less Add
Cheques were drawn but not actually issued to the creditors Add Less Less Add
Bank charges recorded twice in the Cash Book Add Less Less Add
The amount was withdrawn from Bank not recorded in the Cash Book Less Add Add Less

Solved Example for You

From the following particulars of M/Ramesh enterprises, prepare a Bank reconciliation statement:

(1) Bank overdraft as per Pass Book as on 31st March 2018 was `88,000.

(2) Cheques deposited in Bank for 58,000 but only 20,000 were cleared till 31st March 2018.

(3) Cheques issued were 25,000, 38,000 and 20,000 during the month. The cheque of `58,000 is still with the supplier.

(4) Dividend collected by Bank 12,500 was wrongly entered as 15,200 in Cash Book.

(5) Amount transferred from fixed deposit A/c into the current A/c 20,000 appeared only in Pass Book

(6) Interest on overdraft 9,300 was debited by Bank in Pass Book and the information was received only on 3rd April 2018.

(7) Direct deposit by M/s Rajesh Traders 4,000 not entered in Cash Book.

(8) Corporation tax 12,000 paid by Bank as per standing instruction appears in PB only.

 Ans:

Bank Reconciliation Statement as on 31st March 2018

Particulars Amount Amount
Overdraft as per Pass Book 88,000
Add:
(i) Cheques issued but not presented till 31st March 58,000
(ii) Transfer from fixed deposit 20,000
(iii) Direct deposit by M/s Rajesh Traders 4,000 82,000
1,70,000
Less:
(i) Cheques deposited but not cleared `(58,000 – 20,000) 38,000
(ii) Dividend collected excess recorded in CB ` (15,200 – 12,500) 2,700
(iii) Interest on overdraft debited in PB only 9,300
(iv) Corporation tax paid appeared in PB only 12,000 62,000
Overdraft as per Cash Book 1,08,000

 

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
tutor
tutor
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology
tutor
tutor
Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry
tutor
tutor
Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of

Stuck with a

Question Mark?

Have a doubt at 3 am? Our experts are available 24x7. Connect with a tutor instantly and get your concepts cleared in less than 3 steps.
toppr Code

chance to win a

study tour
to ISRO

Download the App

Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go.

Get Question Papers of Last 10 Years

Which class are you in?
No thanks.