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Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act

Prohibited Occupations And Processes

Child Labour

Child labour refers to the derogatory practice of employing children on a part or full-time basis in economic activities. Such a practice can prove to be harmful to the mental and physical development of the child.

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Child Labour Prohibition Act in India

Part A of Schedule I

All the occupations which have been listed under Part A of Schedule I are treated as prohibited occupations. List of occupations is as follows:

  • Employing child labour in transporting mails, goods or passengers by railway
  • Power loom and handloom industry
  • Fiberglass and plastic units’ workshop
  • Foundries
  • Underwater and underground mines as well as collieries
  • Handling of explosives or inflammable substances
  • Abattoirs/slaughter Houses
  • Automobile workshops and garages
  • The port authorities
  • Child labour working in railway station construction or any other area located in between or in close proximity to railway lines
  • Clearing of an ash pit, cinder picking and building operation undertaken in the railway premises
  • Child labour selling reworks and crackers and reworks in shops having temporary licenses.
  • Working in railway catering services which involves the movement of the vendor from one platform to another and also in or out of a moving train.

Child labour

Part B of Schedule 1

The processes included under Part B of Schedule 1 which are prohibited from being performed by child labour are as follows:

  • Carpet Weaving
  • Shellac manufacture
  • Beedi making
  • Wool cleaning
  • Soap manufacture
  • Mica cutting and splitting
  • Tanning
  • Cloth dying, printing and weaving
  • Manufacture of agate products
  • Manufacture and packing of slate pencils
  • Cement manufacture and bagging
  • Building and construction industry
  • Manufacture of explosive, matches and fireworks
  • Manufacturing processes making use of toxic substances like mercury, lead, cadmium, chromium, pesticides, benzene, manganese, and asbestos (Section-3)
  • Descaling and processing of cashew and cashew nut
  • All hazardous process mention u/s 2(cb), as well as dangerous operations, described u/s 87 of Factories Act 1948
  • Soldering process has taken up in electronic industries
  • Printing as defined u/s 2(k) of Factories Act 1948
  • Roof files units and Brick Kilns
  • Lock making
  • Agarbathi manufacturing
  • Gem cutting and polishing
  • Detergent manufacturing
  • Automobile repairs and maintenance comprising of printing, dent beating, and welding lather work
  • Processing and production of hosiery goods and cotton ginning
  • Handling of manganese ores and chromite
  • Manufacturing process having exposure to lead like welding, smelting.
  • Ferrous and non-ferrous workshop fabrication
  • Manufacture of lime and lime kilns
  • Coir making and jute textile manufacture
  • Extraction of slate from mines
  • Electroplating
  • Rag picking and scavenging
  • Glazing or grinding of metals
  • Cutting and polishing of diamond
  • Powdering and incidental processing of graphite
  • Manufacturing sports goods comprising of leather, chemicals, and synthetic materials
  • Potteries and ceramic industry
  • Sawmill all process
  • Papermaking
  • Sericulture processing
  • Refinery and oil expelling
  • Molding and processing of plastic and fiberglass
  • Stone breaking and crushing
  • The agricultural process making use of threshing and harvesting machines for craft cutting
  • Manufacturing cement products, cement pipes, and other related work
  • The manufacturing process of leather and leather products
  • Manufacturing coal briquette and burning coal
  • All processes of zari making
  • Making, polishing and metal buffing of utensils
  • Manufacture of tobacco and tobacco paste
  • Graphite beneficiation, repairing, and re-trading of tires.
  • Manufacturing all forms of brass goods by polishing, cutting, molding, and welding
  • Manufacturing and handling of insecticides and pesticides
  • Processing, manufacturing, and handling of toxic and corrosive substances, photo enlarging, metal cleaning and soldering processes which take place in the electronic industry
  • Manufacturing glassware such as fluorescent tube bulbs and similar glass products

Learn more about Regulation of Conditions of Work of Children here in detail

 Questions On Child Labour

  1. All the inspectors appointed by Central Government are treated as _______.

Ans.     Public servant

  1. The rulemaking powers under the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act,1986 lies with the _________.

Ans.     Appropriate government

  1. __________ prescribes the rules pertaining to the health and safety of child labour.

Ans.     Central Government

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