 # Rhombus Formula

A rhombus is a 2-dimensional shape that has four equal sides. Rhombus consists of all sides equal and its opposite angles are equal in measure. Let us now discuss the rhombus formula i.e. area and perimeter of the rhombus.

## Rhombus Formula

### What is a Rhombus?

Rhombus is a special type of parallelogram that has all sides equal. Rhombus is quadrilateral whose all sides are equal.

### Properties of Rhombus

1. In a rhombus all sides are equal
2. In a rhombus opposite angles are equal.
3. Also, in a rhombus the sum of adjacent angles are supplementary i.e. (∠B + ∠C = 180°).
4. In a rhombus, if one angle is right, then all angles are right.
5. In a rhombus, each diagonal of a rhombus divides it into two congruent triangles.
6. Diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other and also perpendicular to each other.

### The Perimeter of a Rhombus

The perimeter is the sum of the length of all the 4 sides. In rhombus all sides are equal.

So, Perimeter of rhombus = 4 × side

P = 4s

Where,

 s length of a side of a rhombus

### Area of Rhombus

The area of a rhombus is the number of square units inside the polygon. The area of a rhombus can be determined in two ways:

i) By multiplying the base and height as rhombus is a special type of parallelogram.

Area of rhombus = b  × h

Where,

 b Base of Rhombus h Height of the Rhombus

ii) By finding the product of the diagonal of the rhombus and divide the product by 2.

Area of rhombus = $$\frac{1}{2}$$  × d  × d

where,

 d₁, d₂ Diagonals of Rhombus

### Derivation of Area of Rhombus

Let ABCD is a rhombus whose base AB = b, DB ⊥ AC,   DB is diagonal of rhombus = d, AC is diagonal of rhombus = d, and the altitude from C on AB is CE, i.e., h.

i) Area of rhombus ABCD   = 2 Area of ∆ ABC

= 2  ×  $$\frac{1}{2}$$ AB  × CD sq units.

= 2  ×  $$\frac{1}{2}$$ b  × h sq. units

= base × height sq. units

ii) Area of rhombus    = 4  × area of ∆ AOB

= 4  ×  $$\frac{1}{2}$$  ×  AO  ×  OB sq. units

= 4  ×  $$\frac{1}{2}$$  × $$\frac{1}{2}$$ d  ×  $$\frac{1}{2}$$ d sq. units

so,

= 4  ×  $$\frac{1}{8}$$ d  ×  d square units

= $$\frac{1}{2}$$  ×  d  × d

Therefore, area of rhombus = $$\frac{1}{2}$$(product of diagonals) square units

## Solved Examples

Q.1. What is the perimeter of a rhombus ABCD whose diagonals are 16 cm and 30 cm ?

Solution: Given d1 = 30 cm and d2 = 16 cm
AO= $$\frac{30}{2}=15 cm$$,

BO= $$\frac{16}{2}=8 cm$$,

∠AOB=90

From Pythagorean Theorem, we know
AB2=AO2+BO2
AB =$$\sqrt{289}$$

=17 cm

Since, AB=BC=CD=DA,
Perimeter of ABCD = 17 × 4 = 68 cm

Q.2. Find the area of the rhombus having each side equal to 17 cm and one of its diagonals equal to 16 cm.

Solution: In rhombus ABCD, AB = BC = CD = DA = 17 cm
AC = 16 cm, AO = 8 cm

In ∆ AOD,

17² = 8² + OD²

289 = 64 + OD²

225 = OD²

OD = 15 cm

Therefore, BD   = 2 OD

= 2  × 15

= 30 cm

Now, area of rhombus = $$\frac{1}{2}$$  ×  d  × d

= $$\frac{1}{2}$$× 16  × 30

= 240 cm²

Share with friends
Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?

5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.  Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology  Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry  Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started
Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?

No thanks.