NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 3 Rise of Nationalism in India
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 3 are topic-wise and exercise-wise solutions which help the students to prepare in the best way for them of CBSE board exams and school annual exam. Chapter 3 Nationalism in India is the study matter about characteristics of Indian nationalism through different national movement.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 3 includes structured questions along with detailed explanations to understand facts easily. These NCERT Solutions will provide the students with a complete grasp over the subject and chapter. Our NCERT Solutions are available in PDF for free download which helps you to revise the whole chapter in a few minutes. This will work as revising notes in exam days also. We also provide the best tips for exam recommended by teachers during exam days.
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CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 3 – Rise of Nationalism in India NCERT Solutions
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India is aiming to make students accustomed about Nationalism in India, as in Vietnam and many other colonies. The growth of modern nationalism is closely related to the anti-colonial activity. People started exploring their unity in the procedure of their struggle with colonialism.
Sub-topics covered under NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 3
- 1: The First World War, Khilafat, and Non-Cooperation
- 1.1: The Idea of Satyagraha
- 1.2: The Rowlett Act
- 1.3: Why Non-cooperation?
- 2: Differing Strands within the Movement
- 2.1: The Movement in the Towns
- 2.2: Rebellion in the Countryside
- 2.3: Swaraj in the Plantations
- 3: Towards Civil Disobedience
- 3.1 The Salt March and the Civil Disobedience Movement
- 3.2 How Participants saw the Movement
- 3.3 The Limits of Civil Disobedience
- 4. The Sense of Collective Belonging
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 3
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India prepare a layout to make grip over chapter concept. This chapter explains how the sense of being oppressed under colonialism gave a shared bond that tied many other various groups together. But each class and group felt the effects of colonialism in their way, their experiences were also different, and their feeling of freedom was not always constant.
Let us discuss the sub-topics in detail:
1: The First World War, Khilafat, and Non-Cooperation:
In the years after 1919, this national movement expanding to new areas, including new social groups, and opening new modes of struggle.
1.1: The Idea of Satyagraha:
This racist regime with a novel method of mass agitation, which is Satyagraha. The idea of Satyagraha focused on the power of truth and the requirement to search for truth
1.2: The Rowlett Act:
The Imperial Legislative Council had passed this Act in a hurry. The united opposition of the Indian members was not involving in this act.
1.3: Why Non-cooperation?
Gandhi Ji said if Indians denied co-operating, British rule in India would dump within a year, and Swaraj would come.so no cooperative movement started with this idea.
2: Differing Strands within the Movement:
The Non-Cooperation-Khilafat Movement started in January 1921. Many social groups participated in this movement, each with its own specific reason.
2.1: The Movement in the Towns:
The movement began with middle-class participation in the different cities
2.2: Rebellion in the Countryside:
The Non-Cooperation Movement spread all over the country. It planned into its fold the struggles of peasants and tribal.
2.3: Swaraj in the Plantations:
People understood term Swaraj in their own ways, assuming it to be a time when all suffering and all troubles would over forever. Though when the tribal spoke Gandhi’s name and raised slogans demanding ‘Swatantra Bharat.
3: Towards Civil Disobedience:
It discusses the characteristics of Indian nationalism through the case study of civil disobedience as a national movement.
3.1 The Salt March and the Civil Disobedience Movement:
Due to the tax on salt and the government monopoly over its production, Mahatma Gandhi declared and revealed the most oppressive face of British rule.
3.2 How Participants saw the Movement:
In all over the country, rich peasant communities such as the Patidars of Gujarat and the Jats of Uttar Pradesh participated in the movement
3.3 The Limits of Civil Disobedience:
Dalit involvement in the Civil Disobedience Movement was very limited, especially in the Maharashtra and Nagpur region where their organization was very strong.
4: The Sense of Collective Belonging:
Nationalism expands when people start to believe that they are all part of the same nation when they know some unity that ties them together.
You can download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 3 PDF by clicking on the download button below
Question 1: The Champaran movement was against __________.
Answer: When Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa, a peasant from Bihar persuaded him visit Champaran and see the plight of the indigo cultivators there. Mahatma Gandhi’s visit in 1917 marked the beginning of the Champaran movement against the indigo planters.
Question 2: Why were ryots reluctant to grow indigo?
Answer: The Royts were reluctant as-
- The planters usually forced the ryots to sign a contract.
- Those who signed the contract got cash advances from the planters at low rates of interest to produce indigo. But the loan committed the ryot to cultivating indigo on at least 25% of the area under his holding.
- The planter provided the seed and the drill, while cultivators prepared the soil, sowed the seed and looked after the crop.
- When the crop was delivered to the planter after the harvest, the ryots got another new loan. In this way, they were trapped in the cycle of loan from which it was difficult to come out.
- Soon, they realized that this was a harsh system. They did hard labour day and night and got a very low price for the indigo they produced.
- Other reason was that the planters usually pressurised the ryots to cultivate indigo on the best soils. But the ryots preferred to grow rice on these soils.
- Indigo had deep roots and it exhausted the soil rapidly. After an indigo harvest the land could not be used for rice cultivation.
Question 3: Give two problems which arose with the new Munro system of fixing revenue.
Answer: Under the new Munro system of fixing revenue, the revenue officials fixed the revenue demand too high. This demand could not be met by the peasants. Consequently, the peasants fled the countryside and villages were deserted in many regions.
Question 4: Describe the main features of the Permanent Settlement.
Answer: In order to get a stable revenue income, most of the East India Company’s officials believed that investment in land had to be encouraged and agriculture had to be improved. Debates on how this was to be done led to the introduction of the Permanent Settlement in 1793.
- The aim of this settlement was to ensure a regular flow of revenue for the Company.
- As per the settlement, rajas and taluqdars were recognised as zamindars.
- They were asked to collect rent from the peasants and pay revenue to the Company.
- The amount to be paid was fixed permanently and it was not to be increased ever in the future.
- The Company believed that as the revenue amount was fixed, the zamindars would benefit by investing in land improvement, which would in turn lead to increased production.
- If the zamindars failed to pay the revenue, which they usually did as the fixed revenue was very high, they lost their zamindari.
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