NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 9 Hydrogen
Class 11 hydrogen ncert solutions are chapter-wise and exercise-wise solutions which help the students to prepare in the best way for their exams. Class 11 hydrogen ncert solutions are the study of matter, about its composition, properties, and structure, etc.
This subject requires a clear understanding of the concepts. Class 11 hydrogen ncert solutions consist of structured questions along with detailed explanations to learn and understand concepts easily. Our Class 11 hydrogen ncert solutions will provide the students with a complete grasp over the subject and chapter.
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CBSE Class 11 Hydrogen NCERT Solutions
This chapter is aiming to make students accustomed to the properties, reactions, and uses of hydrogen and other relative factors of hydrogen. Our Class 11 hydrogen ncert solutions will help you to study chapter comprehensively.
Sub-topics covered under NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 9
- 9.1 Position of Hydrogen in the Periodic Table
- 9.2 Dihydrogen
- 9.2.1 Occurrence
- 9.2.2.Isotopes of Hydrogen
- 9.3 Preparation of Dihydrogen
- 9.3.1 Laboratory Preparation of Dihydrogen
- 9.3.2 Commercial Production of Dihydrogen
- 9.4 Properties of Dihydrogen
- 9.4.1 Physical Properties
- 9.4.2 Chemical Properties
- 9.4.3 Uses of Dihydrogen
- 9.5 Hydrides
- 9.5.1 Ionic or Saline Hydrides
- 9.5.2 Covalent or Molecular Hydride
- 9.5.3 Metallic or Non-stoichiometric (Or Interstitial ) Hydrides
- 9.6 Water
- 9.6.1 Physical Properties of Water
- 9.6.2 Structure of Water
- 9.6.3 Structure of Ice
- 9.6.4 Chemical Properties of Water
- 9.6.5 Hard and Soft Water
- 9.6.6 Temporary Hardness
- 9.6.7 Permanent Hardness
- 9.7 Hydrogen Peroxide
- 9.7.1 Preparation
- 9.7.2 Physical Properties
- 9.7.3 Structure
- 9.7.4 Chemical Properties
- 9.7.5 Storage
- 9.7.6 Uses
- 9.8 Heavy Water
- 9.9 Dihydrogen as a Fuel.
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 9:
Class 11 hydrogen ncert solutions to chapter 9 will give the students knowledge about the position of hydrogen in the periodic table, dihydrogen, occurrence, isotopes of hydrogen, preparation of hydrogen, etc.
Let us discuss the sub-topics in detail.
9.1 Position of Hydrogen in the Periodic Table
In the periodic table, Hydrogen appears in the first position.
Dihydrogen is the very much abundant element in the universe which is 70% and is the principal element in the solar atmosphere.
9.2.2 Isotopes of Hydrogen
Hydrogen has three isotopes: Protium, Deuterium, and Tritium. Isotopes have the same electronic configuration due to this they have almost the same chemical properties.
9.3 Preparation of Dihydrogen
9.3.1 Laboratory Preparation of Dihydrogen
This topic gives the process of preparing Hydrogen in the lab.
9.3.2 Commercial Production of Dihydrogen
This topic gives the process of preparing the Hydrogen for commercial purposes.
9.4 Properties of Dihydrogen
9.4.1 Physical Properties
Dihydrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, combustible gas. It is lighter than air and not soluble in water.
9.4.2 Chemical Properties
The is determined, to a large extent, by Bond dissociation enthalpy determines the chemical behavior of dihydrogen
9.4.3 Uses of Dihydrogen
The dihydrogen is in the synthesis of ammonia which is used in the manufacture of nitric acid, nitrogenous fertilizers, and Vanaspati fat and bulk organic chemicals like methanol.
9.5.1 Ionic or Saline Hydrides
These are stoichiometric compounds of dihydrogen with most of the s-block elements which are highly electropositive in character.
9.5.2 Covalent or Molecular Hydride
Dihydrogen forms molecular compounds most of the p-block elements. Molecular hydrides are further classified into electron-deficient, electron-precise, and electron-rich hydrides.
9.5.3 Metallic or Non-stoichiometric Hydrides
Many d-block and f-block elements form these. This property has a high potential for hydrogen storage and as a source of energy.
9.6.1 Physical Properties of Water
It is a colorless and tasteless liquid.
9.6.2 Structure of Water
It will discuss the chemical structure of water.
9.6.3 Structure of Ice
At atmospheric pressure, water is in crystalline with the hexagonal form. And at very low temperatures it condenses to cubic form.
9.6.4 Chemical Properties of Water
Water reacts with a large number of substances.
9.6.5 Hard and Soft Water
Hard water does not give lather with soap. Soft water is free from soluble salts of calcium and magnesium and is giving lather with soap easily.
9.6.6 Temporary Hardness
Temporary hardness exists because of the presence of magnesium and calcium hydrogen carbonates. It can be removed by boiling and Clark’s method.
9.6.7 Permanent Hardness
It is due to the presence of soluble salts as chlorides and sulfates of magnesium and calcium. Calgon’s method can remove this hardness.
9.7 Hydrogen Peroxide
There are various methods to prepare Hydrogen Peroxide. Some methods are here.
9.7.2 Physical Properties
In the pure state, it is an almost colorless (very pale blue) liquid.
Hydrogen peroxide has a non-planar structure.
9.7.4 Chemical Properties
It acts as an oxidizing as well as a reducing agent in both acidic and alkaline media.
It is stored in wax-lined glass or plastic vessels in dark.
It is used like hair bleach, mild disinfectant, antiseptic, bleaching agent, etc.
9.8 Heavy Water
It works as a moderator in nuclear reactors and in exchange reactions.
9.9 Dihydrogen as a Fuel
Dihydrogen releases large quantities of heat on combustion, so it is a popular fuel alternative.
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